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Articles by Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
Total Records ( 5 ) for Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
  Gholam Reza Veghari and Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
  Undernutrition and obesity are two most children health problems in world. Several agents can effect on food pattern among ethnic groups. This study was designed to determine nutritional status among rural children by two ethnic groups (Turkman and Non-Turkman) in north of Iran in 2004. We chose 20 villages of 118 by cluster and simple sampling. All of 2-5 years old children in this area were considered in this study. Sample size was 1446 cases (551 = Turkman and 895 = non-Turkman). Height, weight and personal identification were recorded by questioner. BMI percentile and under -1SD, -2SD and -3SD from NCHS were used for comparison. X2-test and T-test were used to analyze by software SPSS. Turkman children are about 426 g heavier and 4.9 cm taller than non-Turkman in all of age groups. T-test is significant between two groups by weight and height (p< 0.05). Stunting and underweight were observed in Turkman group 13.2 and 1.9%, respectively less than in non-Turkman by -2SD criterion. There is a significant difference between two groups by stunting (p< 0.05). Obesity and overweight exist in Turkman group 24.5 and 2.6%, respectively are less than in non-Turkman. Obesity is statistical significant between two groups (p< 0.05). Secular growth in two groups is incompatible and in Turkman group, it is better than Non-Turkman. There is severe height deficit in Non-Turkman group and it increases the BMI values. Thereby, malnutrition is the most health problem in rural area in north of Iran and nutritional intervention is necessary for solving these problems. BMI values are not suitable for children with stature failure.
  Biezhan Arya , Ramin Azarhoush and Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
  The patient was 36 years old female admitted due to periumbilical pain and anorexia since about 24 h prior to hospitalization. She underwent laparotomy with impression of acute appendicitis. Operative finding was Meckel`s diverticulitis, so appendectomy and resection of diverticular bearing Ileum with end to end anastomosis was performed. Post operation course was uneventful and she discharged 5 days later. Pathological study confirmed the diagnosis of Meckel`s diverticulitis due to actinomycosis as the cause of diverticular obstruction. The relatively rare incidence and preoperative diagnosis difficulties make publication of this case worthwhile.
  Elham Mobasheri and Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
  This study was performed to assess the role of pre-pregnancy BMI on gestational weight gain and birth weight. A prospective study was conducted in 315 pregnant women with the mean age of 26.6±5.6 years who attended to two urban and rural health care centers in Gorgan, North of Iran. Patients with gestational diabete and pre-eclampsia were excluded. Data on pregnancy weight gain, height, age, smoking, parity, birth weight and mother's educational status were obtained by a trained health worker and some questionnaires. Then women were divided to four subgroups based on pre-pregnancy BMI as underweight, normal, overweight and obese. Participants were also divided to three subgroups on the basis of their educational status. Gestational weight gain was studied in each of these groups and compared in regard to pre-pregnancy BMI and educational status of the women. Weight gain below the lower cut-off of IOM was 47.7, 47 and 20.3% in underweight, normal and overweight groups, respectively. Normal weight gain according to IOM was 40.9, 34.7, 52.5 and 33.3% in underweight, normal, overweight and obese groups, respectively. Mean birth weight was significantly higher in women with normal pre-pregnancy BMI and the prevalence of LBW was much more in women with low pre-pregnancy BMI (p = 0.002). Also, highly educated women (>12 years of schooling) gained more weight during pregnancy significantly. This study showed a considerable proportion of women with underweight and normal weight in study area have lower gestational weight gain that recommended by IOM, which can be a cause for LBW neonates.
  Danial Roshandel , Gholamreza Roshandel and Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
  Lead poisoning is a worldwide health problem and its treatment is under investigation. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of D-Penicillamine in reducing lead induced morphometric changes in rat testis. Male adult rats were exposed to 0.4% lead acetate in drinking water for 8 weeks. After this period 6 rats were sacrificed and testes were removed to evaluate the effects of lead intoxication. The remained lead exposed rats were divided into two groups, one group received distilled water and the other group received oral D-P treatment for six weeks, after one week of recovery. Testis morphometric changes were studied in H and E stained sections. After 8 weeks, width of germinal epithelium and number of sertoli cells in test group were decreased compared with negative and positive control rats (p<0.05), while no changes were observed in the number of spermatogonia or primary spermatocytes. After recovery or treatment, germinal epithelium and sertoli cells were still significantly lower than control group (p<0.05). Primary spermatocytes and spermatogonia were decreased after both recovery and treatment periods which was not significant. This study showed that subchronic oral lead intoxication induces some changes in adult testis which are not reversible even after D-P administration.
  Mohammad Jafar Golalipour , Anneh Mohammad Gharravi , Sorya Ghafari and Mohammad Afshar
  The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Urtica dioica on Morphometric indices of kidney in diabetic rats. Thirty male adult albino wistar rats of 125-175 g divided into control, diabetic and Urtica dioica treatment groups. In treatment Group, diabetic rats received 100 mg kg-1 daily hydroalcoholic extract of U. dioica intraperitoneally for 4 weeks. After the animals had been sacrified, the kidneys were removed and fixed by formaldehyde, cut horizontally into 1 mm slices and processed, Stained with H and E. Stereological study performed using light microscope and the image projected on a table of olysa software. Cavalieri principle was used to estimate the volume of cortex, medulla and whole kidney. All the grouped data statistically evaluated using Student's t-test, expressed as the Mean±SE. Ration of kidney weight /body weight in diabetes (0.51) and diabetes-extract group (0.67) were higher then control group (0.42). Ratio of kidney volume /body weight in diabetes (350) and diabetes-extract group (348) were higher then control group (323). Volume Ratio of cortex /medulla in diabetes-extract group (1.65) was higher then control (1.34) and diabetes group (1.33). Glomerular area and diameter and proximal tubule diameter in diabetes-Extract group was higher than control and diabetes groups. This study revealed that Urtica dioica has no effect on renal morphometric indices in induced diabetic rats.
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