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Articles by Masood Sadiq Butt
Total Records ( 11 ) for Masood Sadiq Butt
  Saima Hafeez Khan , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Amer Jamil
  Rice bran from ‘Basmati Super’ cultivar was stabilized by dry heat, microwave heat and parboiling. All the stabilization techniques were found effective in reduction of antinutrients including trypsin inhibitor, haemagglutinin-lectin and phytates. No adverse effect of stabilization was observed on chemical composition of rice bran. Protein was extracted from differently stabilized rice bran along with unstabilized bran by enzymatic extraction. Protein isolates yield remained highest for the unstabilized bran, followed by Microwave Stabilized Rice Bran Protein Isolates (MWRBPI), Dry Heat Stabilized Rice Bran Protein Isolates (DHRBPI) and Parboiled Rice Bran Protein Isolates (PAR-RBPI).
  Masood Sadiq Butt and Rizwana Batool
  Proteins are essential component of diet performing multifarious role in human body. Present project was an attempt to extract and characterize legumes protein isolates for their functional properties. Four different legumes i.e. cowpea, pigeon pea, peas and mungbean were evaluated for protein content, functional properties and their ability to improve nutritional quality of foods. Cowpea exhibited maximum protein content 27.88±1.95% followed by mungbean, peas and pigeon pea. As for as functional properties are concerned, cowpea protein isolates showed highest bulk density 0.71±0.05 g/cm3 however, maximum protein solubility 82±4.97 was observed in pea protein isolates. Maximum water and oil absorption capacity 163±10.05, 168±11.72% was observed in mungbean and pigeon pea protein isolates, respectively. Likewise different legumes protein isolates showed significant results for emulsifying, foaming and gelling properties.
  M. Tauseef Sultan , Masood Sadiq Butt , Imran Pasha , Mir M. Nasir Qayyum , Farhan Saeed and Waqas Ahmad
  Varying consumption trends and poor dietary habits had led to widespread prevalence of various lifestyles related disorders including obesity, diabetes and dyslipidemia. The reliance of communities on processed foods is also detrimental factor in their progression. The concerted efforts are required in order to eliminate these problems. In this project, efforts were directed to prepare nutritious dietetic cookies using Black Cumin Fixed Oil (BCFO). Accordingly, formulations of cookies were modified to reduce the fats, sugar and energy level along with provision of some bioactive molecules from BCFO. The results indicated that reduction in fat and sugar levels provided less calorific value to cookies. However, utilization of BCFO (~4%) resulted in some quality retention even at reduced levels of fats and sugars. Furthermore, reducing the level of shortening and sugars resulted in decreased fat contents (45.61%) as compared to control. Similarly, total sugar levels were decreased by 43.17%. These cumulative factors led to dwindled calorific value by 37.98%. The reduction in fats and sugars led to decreased sensory appraisal from trained taste panel. However, at 40% reduction in fats and sugars were quite acceptable owing to presence of BCFO. It further provided protection against lipid per-oxidation as indicated from peroxide value. In the nutshell, preparation of nutritious and dietetic cookies using BCFO is feasible approach to reduce the calorific value of cookies and such novel products hold potential to reduce the obesity and related disorders.
  Shahzad Hussain , Faqir Muhammad Anjum , Masood Sadiq Butt , Mohammad Saleh Alamri and Muhammad Asim Shabbir
  The unleavened flat breads were prepared from Whole Wheat Flour (WWF) fortified with 16% Partially Defatted Flaxseed Flour (PDF) and 12% full fat flaxseed flour. Similarly Straight Grade Flour (SGF) used for the production of pan bread was fortified with both 12% PDF and FFF. The resultant unleavened flat breads and pan breads were analyzed for their dietary fiber, amino acid and fatty acid profile. The unleavened flat breads and breads prepared from both PDF and FFF supplemented composite flours yielded significantly higher contents of soluble, non soluble and total dietary fibers. Unleavened flat breads possessed higher dietary fiber content than those of breads. The unleavened flat breads prepared from 16% PDF supplemented WWF possessed significantly the highest content of isoleucine (1.16 g/100 g flour) and the lowest isoleucine content (0.45 g/100 g flour) was found in breads prepared from control flour (100% SGF). The results indicated that contents of all the tested essential amino acids were improved substantially by the supplementation of PDF and FFF in the wheat flours. Unleavened flat breads containing 12% FFF possessed the highest content of palmitic (0.595%) and stearic acid (0.152%). The results further indicate that an excellent ratio of linoleic acid over linolenic existed in the unleavened flat breads and breads prepared from full fat flaxseed supplemented composite flours.
  M. Tauseef Sultan , Masood Sadiq Butt , Atif Nisar Ahmad , Naveed Ahmad , Muhammad Amanullah and Rizwana Batool
  Nigella sativa L. (Black cumin) is important medicinal plant and hold religious importance too. The core objective of present research study was to utilize Black Cumin Essential Oil (BCEO) as functional ingredients to improve the nutritive quality and thymoquinone contents of cereal-based bakery products. The results indicated that addition of essential oil influenced the physical and chemical characteristics of cookies non-significantly. Thymoquinone contents of cookies were highest in cookies containing 0.3% BCEO (7.25±0.482 mg/100 g) as compared to control (0.0 mg/100 g). Additionally, BCEO improved the oxidative stability of the cookies as indicated from decreased Peroxide Value (POV) and TBA value. Moreover, progressive increase in essential oil in cookies formulation didn’t confer any deleterious impact on overall acceptability and judged by the trained taste panel during sensory appraisal. Present research investigation brightened the prospects of using black cumin essential oil in different food products that may produce healthy impact on end consumers.
  Tahira Batool Qaisrani , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Munir Ahmed Sheikh
  Fiber based foods are gaining interest to cure health related ailments in human. In present investigation, dietetic cookies were prepared from psyllium husk with 5, 10, 15, 20, 25% along with control for color tonality and sensory response acceptability at 0 to 60 days, respectively. Results regarding color tonality revealed that dietetic cookies showed significant variations with the addition of psyllium husk. The L* value of the cookies decreased with the addition of psyllium husk while a* and b* values were increased. However, storage of 60 days of the dietetic cookies showed significant increase in L* value whilst a* and b* values were decreased. Sensory response like color, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptability of the psyllium husk cookies revealed the significant reduction with the addition of husk. However, 10, 15, 20% addition of psyllium husk in the cookies showed statistically at par results expect for texture. In conclusion, addition of 20% psyllium husk cookies was acceptable with respect to color tonality and sensory response that may help to fulfill the daily dietary fiber requirements.
  Madiha Rohi , Imran Pasha , Masood Sadiq Butt and Haq Nawaz
  Wheat is a vital crop having imperative nutrients for human diet e.g., protein and certain B-vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and pyridoxine), well-intentioned for body metabolic processes. These vitamins are concentrated in grain outer layer thus milling process affects these vitamins to a larger extent and may reduce their level. The aim of the present study is to determine the level of protein and B-vitamins in whole wheat and straight grade flours of different spring wheats. Ten spring wheat varieties were procured from different parts of the country, milled and quantified. The protein content was determined by Kjeldhal’s method and B-vitamins were analyzed through High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) using UV-VIS detector. Results revealed that the level of protein as well as the B-vitamins was high in whole wheat flours of spring wheats as compared to straight grade flour. Only 3, 15, 6 and 6% of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and pyridoxine of whole wheat flour was detected in straight grade flour. Simple Pearson’s correlation has been studied among wheat B-vitamins and its protein content which exhibited that in whole wheat flour a positive correlation for protein content with thiamin (r = 0.54), riboflavin (r = 0.07) and niacin (r = 0.22) whereas in straight grade flour protein concentration was examined to be positively correlated with riboflavin concentration (r = 0.19) only. Conclusively, the results of the current study are useful for different stake holders for their intended uses.
  Adeela Yasmin , Masood Sadiq Butt , Aysha Sameen and Muhammad Shahid
  In the current exploration, sweet liquid whey was subjected to physicochemical analysis, minerals assay and amino acid profiling. It comprised of total solids, lactose, ash, crude protein and fat as 6.49±0.31, 5.26±0.26, 0.56±0.02, 0.81±0.03 and 0.25±0.01%, respectively. The results regarding mineral analysis indicated that whey contains appreciable amount of potassium, sodium and calcium. Furthermore, amino acid profile elucidated it a balance source of essential and non-essential amino acids. Amongst essential amino acids, highest value was noticed for leucine 97.25±4.68 followed by lysine and threonine 83.98±2.46 and 48.89±2.84 mg/g protein.
  Rizwana Batool , Masood Sadiq Butt , Mian Kamran Sharif and Haq Nawaz
  The mandate of current study was to explore the supplementation effect of Nigella sativa meal protein isolates in wheat flour for the development of low cost protein dense cookies in order to reduce the threat of protein energy malnutrition. The cookies diameter, thickness and spread factor indicated significant differences among treatments however, non-momentous effect was observed due to storage. The mean values for spread factor of cookies T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 were 37.56±0.18, 36.07±0.62, 35.08±0.20, 34.68±0.28, 32.28±0.13 and 30.84±0.12, respectively. The highest color scores 7.18±0.21 were assigned to T0 (control) followed and lowest to T5 (6.15±0.32). In case of flavor, the highest score 7.08±0.26 was attained by T0 whereas the lowest was assigned to T5 6.20±0.19. Similarly, the maximum overall acceptability scores 7.14±0.17 were assigned to T0 whilst, the minimum 6.19±0.21 for T5. Overall acceptability scores gradually declined from 6.98±0.35 to 6.52±0.44 during storage.
  Muhammad Imran , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Javed Iqbal Sultan
  The present exploration was an attempt to investigate the therapeutic potential of mango peel extract. For the purpose, five different mango peels namely chaunsa, anwar ratol, langra, dusahri and desi were nutritionally characterized. The nutritional analysis indicated that mango peel is a good source of moisture, protein and minerals. The means elucidated highest moisture in the peel of desi mango 71.38±2.05 followed by anwar ratol, chaunsa, langra and dusahri as 71.01±3.91, 70.74±4.01, 69.86±5.20 and 68.33±4.14%, respectively. Moreover, protein contents were reported from 1.94±0.04 to 2.36±0.01 in respective varieties. Similarly, fat and fiber contents in respective varieties were 2.31±0.14 and 5.01±0.25, 2.26±0.10 and 5.47±0.31, 2.25±0.17 and 4.88±0.12, 2.18±0.18 and 4.69±0.17 and 2.11±0.12 and 4.53±0.18%. Likewise, the recorded NFE values for respective samples were 87.87±6.87, 87.60±3.41, 88.86±5.20, 89.09±3.85 and 89.58±2.89, respectively. In the present case, the highest K content was observed in chaunsa (18.78±1.26 mg/100g) followed by desi (18.76±0.96 mg/100g), anwar ratol (17.73±1.21 mg/100g), dusahri (17.16±1.02 mg/100g) and langra (16.21±1.12 mg/100g). Similarly, Mg and Ca were recorded as 56.11±4.21 and 87.46±6.32, 54.73±3.69 and 82.72±4.18, 52.54±1.16 and 79.81±3.85, 50.25±1.52 and 75.08±4.10 and 56.83±2.32 and 78.39±5.02 mg/100g in respective mango peels. Amongst tested mango peels, ethanolic extract of chaunsa exhibited the highest TPC (75.35±3.96 mg/100g GAE), DPPH (59.28±3.69%) and β-carotene (57.33±4.14%) activities however, FRAP value (7.88±0.19 mmol/100g) was maximum in the acetone extract of chaunsa peel. From the present investigation, it is concluded that mango peel powder potential is potential source of minerals and antioxidants.
  Muhammad Yasin , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Muhammad Shahid
  The present investigation was an effort to explore the nutritional profile and antioxidant indices of vitamin K dietary sources i.e., spinach and soybean. For the purpose, spinach and soybean were nutritionally characterized with special reference to vitamin K content. The proximate composition of spinach exhibited that moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, ash and Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) as 90.71±4.14, 2.03±0.95, 0.32±0.007, 0.58±0.02, 1.24±0.06 and 5.01±0.11%, respectively. However, tested soybean indicated the values respective traits as 8.96±0.45, 32.28±1.99, 18.64±1.02, 2.93±0.16, 3.38±0.19 and 33.79±1.15%. Furthermore, spinach showed good mineral profile dominated by magnesium, potassium and calcium whilst soybean is abundant in potassium, zinc and magnesium. The HPLC quantification of vitamin K revealed that spinach contained 379.09 μg/100g phylloquinone as compared to soybean 29.79 μg/100g. Amongst antioxidant extracts, methanolic extracts of spinach and soybean showed higher total phenolic, DPPH scavenging and antioxidant activities. In conclusion, spinach showed higher antioxidant status and phylloquinone as compared to soybean however, soybean contained ample amount of protein and fat contents.
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