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Articles by M.Y. Fatihu
Total Records ( 3 ) for M.Y. Fatihu
  L. Saidu , A.M. Wakawa , P.A. Abdu , D.F. Adene , H.M. Kazeem , K.C. Ladan , M. Abdu , R.B. Miko , M.Y. Fatihu , J. Adamu and P.H. Mamman
  Cases of Avian Influenza (AI) outbreaks reported and confirmed were extracted from the records of control committees on AI in Kano and Katsina States, Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Pan-African Control of Epizootics (PACE) project office at Kaduna. Information on Al outbreaks in Jigawa State were obtained through a questionnaire. A total of 480,378 birds were lost in 34 outbreaks in the four states under study between the period of January and March 2006. Chickens accounted for more than 99% of all the birds affected followed by guinea fowls and turkeys. More than 60% of the birds affected were adults. The concentrations of poultry farms in Kano metropolis particularly along Gwarzo road where the epidemic was first noticed might have been responsible for the fast spread of the disease within Kano metropolis. It is a common practice to find geese, muscovey ducks and turkeys in one farm in the study area. This practice makes the chickens and turkeys more prone to the disease. From the tract of outbreaks It is possible that the disease spread from Jigawa State to Kano state and from Kano State to other States in the study area and other parts of the country through trade in live birds and poultry by products. For proper diagnosis and control of AI in Nigeria, poultry farmers should be educated on the necessity for prompt disease reporting to veterinarians and appropriate authorities.
  Gabriel Ochube , A.Z. Hassan , U.S . Abdullahi and M.Y. Fatihu
  Daily body and hematological parameters were recorded following an attempt to manage clinical compound fractures of 18 healthy Kano Brown goats using Sherman’s compression plates via internal reduction. The hematological parameters before during and after surgery were determined by full blood count. The results showed that inflammatory cells such as nuetrophils, esinophils and lymphocytes were at their peak when the implants were in the body of the animals. There was significant increase (p<0.05) in total leukocyte counts a week after surgery. This increase could be attributed to the presence of bone plates. Other parameters such as body temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate were recorded for 160 days. Body temperature, respiratory and pulse dropped to normal physiologic rates after implants were removed and healing was complete. It was concluded that implants plays important role in stimulating leukocytosis.
  J.S. Dalis , H.M. Kazeem , A.A. Makinde , M.Y. Fatihu and G.Y. Dashe
  A study was carried out to determine bacteria associated with pathology of bovine dermatophilosis in north central Nigeria. Skin samples obtained from 211 cattle with skin lesions suspected to be dermatophilosis were processed for bacteriology and histopathology. One hundred and sixty seven (79.1%) samples were positive for Dermatophilus congolensis, while 44 (20.9%) were negative. Both D. congolensis positive and negative samples were processed for isolation of other bacteria and the data was analyzed using χ2-test. Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus sp., Corynebacterium sp., Escherichia coli, Proteus and Pseudomonas sp. were isolated from both D. congolensis positive and D. congolensis negative scabs. However, the rate of recovery of S. aureus from D. congolensis positive cattle was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the rate of its recovery from D. congolensis negative cattle. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between the occurrence of the other isolates in D. congolensis positive and negative cattle. Histopathology revealed hyperplasia of the epidermis, parakeratosis, necrosis, cellular infiltration of the hair follicles and papillary dermis, diffuse cellular infiltration of the reticular dermis and folliculitis were also observed in some sections. It was concluded that the histopathological lesions observed could be due to D. congolensis complicated by secondary bacterial infection. The need to investigate the role of bacteria particularly that of S. aureus in the development of bovine dermatophilosis was emphasized.
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