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Articles by M.S. Hassan
Total Records ( 4 ) for M.S. Hassan
  Zeinab I. Sadek , B.M. Refaat , E.H. Abd El-Shakour , Nayra Sh. Mehanna and M.S. Hassan
  Background: Processed cheese could be estimated as microbiologically safe, nevertheless microorganisms may gain entrance during all stages of processing especially spore forming bacteria, one way to limit the growth of undesirable microorganisms is incorporation of probiotics which show high antimicrobial activity against these pathogens. Materials and Methods: The antibacterial activity of six different lactic acid bacteria against Bacillus cereus and Clostridium perfringes were studied. Results: Lactobacillus curvatus and Lactobacillus acidophilus were the most effective cultures against B. cereus , while Leuconostoc mesenteroides against C. perfringes . Supplementation of processed cheese with L. curvatus and the mixed culture of the three other probiotics effectively suppressed the growth and survival of B. cereus and it could not be recovered after 14 days of storage and room temperature. While, supplementation of the cheese by metabolites of L. curvatus, L. acidophilus and mixed culture of L. curvatus, L. acidophilus and L. mesenteroides reduce the viable counts of B. cereus and the reduction reached 100% at 14 days using metabolites of L. curvatus and the mixed culture of L. curvatus, L. acidophilus and L. mesenteroides and at 21 days using L. acidophilus when the cheese stored at 25°C. But, cold storage delayed the reduction of B. cereus . Also, a pronounced reduction in viability of C. perfringes was observed with L. mesenterials culture, as C. perfinges could not be recovered after 30 and 21 days at room and refrigerator temperature, respectively. Conclusion: Supplementation of probiotic metabolites of L. mesenteroides and the mixed culture (L. curvatus , L. acidophilus and L. mesenteroides ) led to decrease the viability and survival of C. perfringens as it could not be recovered after 30 days at refrigerator temperature for 45 and 30 days respectively, at room temperature.
  M.N. Ali , M.S. Hassan , F.A. Abd El-Ghany and Nasra B. Awadein
  This study examines the hypothesis that natural antioxidants can improve the performance of local laying hens in late egg production period (48-60 weeks) especially in presence of sulphate ion. A total number of 288 hens plus 36 cocks 48 weeks old from Inshas and Dokki 4 strains (144 hens and 18 cocks from each strain) were equally divided into 12 groups with 3 replicates (8 hens + 1 cocks each) and housed in wire cages. The experimental hens fed from 48 to 60 week of age the control diet without or with 0.25% Cuminum cyminum L (CC), 0.5% Anhydrous Sodium Sulphate (SS), SS + CC, 20 mg commercial Canthaxanthin/kg diet (CAN) and CAN + SS. Compared to control diet, addition of CC, SS, CC + SS, CAN or CAN + SS increased egg number and egg yolk color score. All feed additives used in this study increased calcium, phosphorus, total protein, albumin, globulin and total antioxidants capacity in plasma while decreased LDL, HDL, total cholesterol and total lipids in both plasma and egg yolk. Feed additives increased T3 and estrogen hormones compared to control diet. Feed additives tended to improve semen quality parameters, fertility and hatchability of total and fertile eggs. The combination of CAN and SS was the most successful additive under the condition of this study. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of protecting hen hormones from free radical attack at the late egg production period.
  R. Nordin , K.H. Hassan , Z.A. Zainol , R. Shapiee , F. Jalil , M.A. Witbrodt and M.S. Hassan
  Currently, Malaysia does not have specific national legislation to regulate access to its genetic resources and ensure equitable sharing of benefits derived from their commercialisation (ABS legislation). However, the States of Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysia have enacted their ABS legislations to be implemented within their States territories. This research will examine how Sarawak provides for mechanism for resolving conflicting interests in genetic resources. For purposes of this study, this research will evaluate Sarawak ABS legislation, namely, the Sarawak Biodiversity Centre Ordinance in 1997 and Sarawak Biodiversity Regulation in 2004. The principal issues to be considered are the manner in which the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is reflected in the legislative enactments; the degree to which the CBD was implemented in the legislative enactments and the degree of effective consultation and participation in the process of formulating the respective legislative acts. The particular questions to be answered are: to what extent the ABS legislation in Sarawak has conformed to ABS requirements in the CBD; how have the legislative acts been implemented by the respective authorities and what are the strengths and limitations of the legislative acts? For purposes of this evaluation, comparison will be made between the situation in Sarawak and in the Philippines, specifically with regards to Philippines Executive Order 247. It is the conclusion that Sarawak has not via its ABS legislation; conform to ABS requirements as reflected in the CBD, particularly in regards to the adequate protection of the interests of the indigenous peoples. The basic foundation of ABS legal framework in Sarawak is not compatible with Philippines and unless this is improved, Sarawak will not have an adequate legal infrastructure to support its involvement in future biotechnology-related activities.
  F. Hassan , S.Z. Omar , M.S. Hassan , A.H. Ahmad Ghazali and S.S. Othman
  News sources are the main important element in news reporting as its function is to ensure that the particular news content is reliable and can be trusted. Thus, this empirical study generally intends to identify the pattern of the news sources used to report on special issues on Islam and Muslims predominantly in Malaysia and Indonesia. This study was conducted by selecting the Wall Street Journal and the Telegraph newspapers as samples for the study. The news samples have been selected from 2012 until 2014. The objectives of this study are to see the pattern of news sources used by these two newspapers and also to compare the sources used within the chosen time frame of the study. The data was collected based on the preliminary study and a total of 445 news paragraphs have been analysed through NVivo 8. However, only 186 of news paragraph mentioned its news sources. The findings presented that 149 of news paragraph used official sources which have been classified into media, institutional, leader and minister. While, only 37 news paragraphs used unofficial sources which consists of civilian, activist, witnesses and victims. From this preliminary data, it can be said that both of the newspapers quoted the news from official sources compared to unofficial sources to report issues relates to Islam and Muslims in Malaysia and Indonesia.
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