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Articles by M.S. Abdulsalami
Total Records ( 4 ) for M.S. Abdulsalami
  I.O. Igwilo , T.J. Ogoke , D.O. Ogbu , S.N. Igwilo , E. Obi and M.S. Abdulsalami
  Moringa oleifera is a multipurpose tree, cultivated in the tropics and sub-tropics for its nutritional and therapeutic properties. The raw matured seeds which have been reported to be used as food and clarifying agent of turbid water caused growth retardation in albino rats and this might have been due to its anti-nutritional contents. Owing to these adverse factors, the effect of soaking the seeds for 30 min and then compounding it as feeds was done. Its effect on growth rate and the level of some biochemical parameters on rats were investigated. The Wistar albino rats were fed for 21 days and their weights measured at 2 days interval. Aspartate and Alanine transaminases, Alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin levels were assayed using Automated Vitros 350 Chemistry Analyzer. The growth rates of rats fed with the commercial rat pellets, Casilan diet and the processed Moringa seed diet had a range of 80.06±3.54 to 100.98±5.37, 66.70±7.54 to 55.23±7.47 and 52.99±4.15 to 35.47±2.26, respectively. The parameters assayed for the group that received the processed Moringa seed diet are 144.00±16.80 (AST), 41.00±7.05 (ALT), 66.50±8.80 (ALP) and 12.45±1.18 (Total Bilirubin). The one-way ANOVA statistical analysis indicated that there was no significant change in the parameters of all the groups at 95% significance level (p<0.05). Hence, the soaked Moringa oleifera seed did not support growth in the animal subjects and also did not pose a threat to the liver. However, it is better to develop more suitable processing methods to improve the seed’s nutritional capabilities.
  I.O. Igwilo , F.C. Ezeonu , J.O. Ezekwesili-Ofili , S.N. Igwilo , C.I. Nsofor , M.S. Abdulsalami and E. Obi
  The evergreen plant, Moringa oleifera (Lam) has been known to have both medicinal and nutritional properties, thus its wide use in traditional medicine in Africa and Asia. The roots, in particular, have been reported to possess antibiotic, anti-tumour and anti-oxidative activities. This study therefore seeks to determine the levels of the anti-nutritional factors and other proximate analyses in the roots of a local cultivar of Moringa oleifera which might be responsible for such activities. The concentrations of oxalates and phytates in the roots were determined using the methods of Munro and Bassir and Griffith and Thomas, respectively. The methods of Association of Analytical Chemists (AOAC) were used to estimate the amount of tannins, saponins and cyanogenic glycosides while the Technicon sequential Multi-sample amino acid analyzer (TSM) was used determine the amino acid concentration in the roots. Tannins (45 mg 100 g-1) and oxalates (17.08 mg 100 g-1) were present in the roots at higher levels while saponins (4.20 mg 100 g-1), cyanogenic glycosides (2.72 mg 100 g-1) and phytates (0.07 mg 100 g-1) occurred at much lower levels. The roots contained (Mean±Standard Error of mean) %crude lipid (6.33±1.64), %crude proteins (5.02±1.52), %carbohydrates (76.75), %ash (4.97±0.53) and %moisture (6.93±0.58). The roots lacked the water-soluble vitamins pyridoxine, riboflavin and thiamine but contained ascorbic acid (48.13 mg 100 g-1) and niacin (5.83 mg 100 g-1). This study has shown that Moringa oleifera roots are rich in anti-nutritional factors and that is why they are widely used in traditional medicine in Africa, Asia and Americas for its medicinal importance.
  S. Ibhadon , M.C. Emere , M.S. Abdulsalami and V. Yilwa
  Bioaccumulation of some trace metals that occurred in juvenile and matured wild and farm-raised African catfish, Clarias gariepinus from River Kaduna and Fadama fish pond (Near NAF base, Kawo) was investigated by estimating trace metal concentration in the fish and water samples thereafter the transfer factor was evaluated. The concentration in (μg/g wet wt.) of Cu, Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cd and Pb for all fish samples ranged from 0.25-0.80, 0.42-0.61, ND-0.5, 0.10-0.75, 0.18-0.85, 1.25-3.2 and 0.1-0.7, that of water samples was 0.18-0.34, 0.45-0.73, 3.0-7.2, 0.53-0.93, 0.13-0.41, 1.5-4.5 and 0.1-1.25. while the transfer factors had a range of 0.658-2.353, 0.575-0.980, 0.058-0.1, 0.139-1.0, 0.04-02.0, 0.560-1.50 and 0.278-1.196, respectively. There were little variation in concentration of trace metals in the juvenile and matured catfishes from the wild except in Cadmium. In the farmed fish Iron was present in the matured fishes but was not detected in the juvenile fishes and there were no significant variations in other trace metals. This study showed that wild and farm-raised catfish can be exposed to minerals (metals) in one form or the other, therefore water quality should be maintained and monitored closely for sustainability of fish human health.
  S. Ibhadon , M.S. Abdulsalami , M.C. Emere and V. Yilwa
  Proximate, fatty and amino acids composition of wild and farm-raised African catfish Clarias gariepinus from River Kaduna and Fadama fish pond (NAF base, Kawo) in Kaduna were evaluated. Juvenile and matured fishes from the two existing environment were investigated to ascertain differences in body composition of the fishes. The range of proximate composition were; moisture content 69.3-79.3%, crude protein 10.40-11.43, lipid content 1.15-2.08 and ash content 1.02-1.22%. Variation in percentage composition exist among individuals but there was however no significant differences(p>0.05) in the mean body composition of the fish. A total of seven major fatty acids, seven trace metals and seventeen amino acids was found in the fish. Linoleic acid a polyunsaturated fatty acids which cannot be synthesized by humans was found in wild catfish while the matured catfish had a higher amount of unsaturated fatty acids. Farm-raised cat fishes had a higher amount of total amino acids while histidine and cysteine were low in both wild and farm-raised catfish samples. This study showed that wild and farm-raised catfish is beneficial to health and that water quality should be maintained.
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