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Articles by M.R. Mir
Total Records ( 5 ) for M.R. Mir
  K.A. Bhat , S.D. Masood , N.A. Bhat , M. Ashraf Bhat , S.M. Razvi , M.R. Mir , Sabina Akhtar , N. Wani and M. Habib
  Soft rot is one of the destructive diseases of vegetables and occurs worldwide wherever fleshy storage tissues of vegetables and ornamentals are found. It causes a greater total loss of produce than any other bacterial disease. The disease can be found on crops in the field, in transit, in storage and during marketing; resulting in great economic losses. It is primarily caused by Erwinia carotovora sub-sp. carotovora and sometimes by Erwinia carotovora sub-sp. atroseptica. The soft rot disease has a very wide host range infecting vegetable species belonging to all families. Name of the disease aroused from the characteristic soft decay of fleshy tissue which terminates into watery or slimy mass. The bacteria enters the host tissue through injuries. The decay is aggravated when high humidity is coupled with high temperature which results in fast rate of multiplication of the pathogen. For this reason much of the loss due to this disease occurs during middle of the summer. Increased amounts of pecteolytic enzymes released by the pathogen results in maceration of tissue and are of great significance to the pathogenesis of the disease. Control of the disease which includes sanitation of packing house, lowering of storage temperature and humidity, host resistance and other physical and chemical measures are discussed in detail.
  M.R. Mir and H. Geldermann
  Present study was aimed at comparative analysis of microsatellite polymorphism at DRB1 intron 2 locus of Ovine MHC in German Merino sheep. Experiment was conducted in four consecutive lambings comprising flock of adult males, females and offspring`s totaling 639 individuals. A total of 16 DRB1 microsatellite alleles, ranging between 353-857 bp were detected associated with variable reproductive performances among males and females. Ewes carrying allele 386 bp had a higher (p<0.01) number of lambs born, carriers of allele 389 bp had a lower (p<0.01) number of lambs weaned and allele 411 bp occurred together with higher values of all recorded fertility traits. The associations of different alleles with variable reproductive traits in sheep could be individual variability to humoral immune response, cell recognition or tissue differentiation between carriers of various MHC genotypes. The observed associations within DRB1 intron 2 locus of Ovine MHC in German Merino sheep may be used as a molecular marker for identifying QTL in genetic improvement of the sheep.
  T.A. Bhat , M.R. Mir , I. Qasim , S.S. Misra and M.A. Kirmani
  5, 10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) is one of the key enzyme in the metabolism of homocysteine, where it catalyses its remethylation. The autosomal recessive bp C677T mutation in the MTHFR gene leads to the substitution of valine for alanine. Individuals who are homozygous for this C677T mutation exhibit a decreased specific activity and increased thermolability of MTHFR. This leads to increased plasma levels of homocysteine, which is a known risk factor for atherosclerosis and related disease. This study was conducted to find out the distribution and frequency of C677T mutation in the general Kashmiri population by employing PCR-RFLP method for C677T mutation analysis. A group of 110 volunteers (75 males and 35 females) has been analyzed for the MTHFR polymorphism, which revealed the following distribution, 62% individuals were without mutation (C/C), 33% were heterozygous (C/T) and 5% homozygous (T/T).
  M.R. Mir , Amina Khan , Anil Dhar and Bilal A. Wani
  The leaf of mulberry (Morus spp.) constitutes the only food to silkworm (Bombyx mori L.). Like all other crops, it is prone to attack by a number of pests and diseases which result in reduced leaf yield and quality. Among other diseases leaf spot and powdery mildew are important and cause much loss to mulberry leaf. Besides other defence systems, the plants defend themselves against pathogens by means of structural characteristics which act as physical barriers and inhibit the pathogen from gaining entrance and spreading through the host. Morphoanatomical features of some mulberry genotypes were studied in relation to incidence and intensity of leaf spot caused by Cercospora moricola (Cooke) and powdery mildew caused by Phyllactinia corylea. The present study was carried out on four years old mulberry trees of genotypes namely Goshoerami, Ichinose, Kairynezamigaeshi (KNG), Rokokuyaso, Chinese White, Tr-10 and one local genotype Chattatul Zangir for leaf spot and powdery mildew diseases. The Percent Incidence (PI) and Percent Disease Index (PDI) were calculated. Different anatomical features were studied as per standard laboratory methods. Results indicated that the anatomical features play an important role to hinder the infection and spread of the pathogens causing the diseases and hence can be used for rapid screening of mulberry genotypes for their resistance to these diseases.
  Mushtaq Ahmad , Gul Zaffar , S.D. Mir , S.M. Razvi , M.A. Rather and M.R. Mir

(Case No. 31072013)

Professor Y.M. Agayev Agricultural Biotechnilogy Research Institute of Iran (ABRII) Mahdasht Road, P.O. Box 31535-1897, Karaj Iran, pointed out a plagiarism in a paper published in Research Journal of Medicinal Plant Volume 5 Number 6, 630-649, 2011.

On the receipt of Professor Y.M. Agayev’s letter, the case forwarded to the Ethics Committee of the Science Alert. As per the report of the Ethics Committee, article entitled “Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) Strategies for Enhancing Productivity” authored by Mushtaq Ahmad, Gul Zaffar, S.D. Mir, S.M. Razvi, M.A. Rather and M.R. Mir from Division of Pant Breeding and Genetics, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar Campus, 191 12-Srinagar, Kashmir published in Research Journal of Medicinal Plant Volume 5 Number 6, 630-649, 2011, contains substantial sections of text that have been taken verbatim from earlier publication without clear and unambiguous attribution.

Science Alert considers misappropriation of intellectual property and duplication of text from other authors or publications without clear and unambiguous attribution totally unacceptable.

Plagiarism is a violation of copyright and a serious breach of scientific ethics. The Editors and Publisher have agreed to officially retract this article.

Science Alert is highly thankful to Professor Y.M. Agayev for pointing out this plagiarism.

Detail of article from which text has been copied by Mushtaq Ahmad:

Y.M. Agayev, A.M. Shakib, S. Soheilivand and M. Fathi, 2007. BREEDING OF SAFFRON (CROCUS SATIVUS): POSSIBILITIES AND PROBLEMS, 203-207, 2007.

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