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Articles by M.R. Akanda
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.R. Akanda
  M.R. Akanda , F.M.A. Hossain , F.A. Ashad , M.G. Kabir and M.M.R. Howlader
  Background: Black Bengal goat is very popular in Bangladesh and parasitism is considered as most vital limitation of livestock production. Twenty black Bengal goats of 12-13 month old irrespective of sex infested with gastrointestinal nematodes were selected for this experiment and randomly divided into four equal groups (group A, B, C and D) where each group consisted of 5 goats and goats of group D were kept as control group. Objective: The present investigation was aimed to evaluate the comparative efficacy of modern anthelmintics like albendazole (group A), ivermectin (group B) and fenbendazole (group C) against gastrointestinal nematodiasis in goats regarding their effects on body weight and haematological indices. Results: After treatment with albendazole, ivermectin and fenbendazole, Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC), Hemoglobin (Hb) content and Packed Cell Volume (PCV) were increased significantly (p>0.05 and p<0.01) in goats but decreased significantly (p<0.01) in untreated control goats. Unlikely, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) were increased significantly (p>0.05) in untreated control group and decreased in treated group. On the other hand, Total Leukocyte Count (TLC) was decreased in all treated goat and body weight was increased significantly (p<0.01). In this experiments, the live weight gain of goats in group A, B and C recorded at ‘0’ days and at 28 days and the percentage of improvement of body weight gain in kilogram were 6.81, 5.76 and 10.97%, respectively and in control group it was reduced by 0.44%. So, it can be concluded that albendazole, ivermectin and fenbendazole found as effective against gastrointestinal (GI) nematodiasis and the body weight increased significantly (p<0.01) as well.
  M.A. Hossain , M.R. Akanda , M. Mostofa and M.A. Awal
  Background: Lead (Pb) is one of the toxic substances equally important like other toxic heavy metals. Lead (Pb) has extensive commercial and industrial use despite of public health hazard. Therefore, the work reported here was conducted to detect the therapeutic application of garlic (Allium sativum) on hematological parameters in lead-induced broiler chickens. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and fifty commercial broiler chickens were grouped into 5 such as T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4 consisting of 70 birds each where T0 served as control. T1 was provided with lead acetate at 100 mg kg-1 b.wt., T2 had 100 mg kg-1 lead acetate+1% garlic supplement, T3 was fed with 100 mg kg-1 lead acetate+2% garlic supplement and T4 had 100 mg kg-1 lead acetate+4% garlic supplement with the aim to determine the hematological changes in lead exposed chickens. Results: The analysis of variance in different groups were statistically significant (p<0.01). The mean values of erythrocyte, Hb and PCV values significantly reduced from 2.217±0.020-2.062±0.047, 7.697±0.247-6.172±0.198 and 25.183±0.8122-23.532±1.001, respectively in group T1. The ameliorating effects of garlic in heavy metal lead (Pb) revealed most significant (p<0.01) increased erythrocyte, hemoglobin and Packed Cell Volume (PCV) values from 2.16±0.034-2.46±0.077, 8.362±0.262-10.44±0.26 and 23.64±0.90-30.68±0.75 in group T3, respectively. Similarly Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) were also resulted increased mean values from 121.12±5.28-131.50±3.72, 38.83±1.38-47.86±1.76 and 14.03±0.89-17.55±1.03, respectively in group (T3). Present study also revealed the increased values of leukocytes that might be attributed to the inflammatory process of leukocytes caused by lead (Pb). Significantly (p<0.01) decreased values of leukocytes were observed in group T3 compared to group T2 and T4 due to the ameliorative action of garlic in lead exposed chickens. Garlic in lead (Pb) exposed chickens could be considered as a potent inhibitor of lymphocytic proliferation that was evident in the present study by matured numbers of leukocytes. Conclusion: The consumption of certain percentages of garlic indicated that it might be capable of enhancing elimination of toxic effects on hematological changes in lead exposed chickens.
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