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Articles by M.A. Bamikole
Total Records ( 2 ) for M.A. Bamikole
  M.A. Bamikole , M.I. Ikhatua , U.J. Ikhatua and I.V. Ezenwa
  The potential of mulberry leaves in rabbit production was investigated in a 12-week long experiment where feed intake, weight gain and nutrient digestibility of the rabbits were monitored. Thirty weaner rabbits (19 females and 11 males; mean weight = 450 ± 0.05 g) of mixed breeds were sorted by weight and randomly allocated to five experimental diets. The percentage of concentrate in the rations was incrementally replaced with mulberry leaves: 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, 0:100 and were fed in a completely randomized design. Total dry matter (DM) intake of the concentrate: mulberry diet remained at the level of that of the all-concentrate ration (~38 g/d) until mulberry leaves comprised >50% of the ration before it declined significantly. The intakes of crude protein (CP) and crude fiber (CF) increased significantly while those of ether extract (EE), ash and nitrogen free extract (NFE) decreased significantly with increasing level of mulberry leaves in the diets, following the trends of the concentrations of the nutrients in the materials. The nutrient digestibilities of the diets were high and there were no significant differences among the means for DM (75.67 - 82.33%), organic matter (OM: 77.33 - 86.67%), CP (76.33 - 84.00%), CF (79.67 - 88.67%), and ash (52.00 - 62.67%). Digestibility of EE (55.65 - 86.00%) and NFE (76.00 - 87.33%) significantly declined with increasing level of mulberry leaves in the rations. Weight gain of rabbits on diets containing 25 and 50% mulberry leaves (5.14 and 4.72 g/d, respectively) was not significantly different (P=0.05) from that of the all-concentrate ration (5.72 g/d), but these were significantly higher than those of 25:75 and 0:100 concentrate: mulberry diets (3.43 and 2.27 g/d, respectively). Thus, mulberry leaves can support good feed intake, digestibility and satisfactory weight gain in rabbits, and could reduce reliance on and cost of expensive concentrate diets. However, some level of concentrate feeding is necessary to reach potential weight gains.
  O.J. Babayemi , M.A. Bamikole and Modupe O. Daodu
  Eight tropical seeds from browse, shrubs and pulses plants were assessed for their nutritive value using in vitro gas production technique. Dry Matter (DM), Crude Protein (CP), crude fibre, ash, ether extract and Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) were analyzed. Milled seeds were incubated using 200 mg/30 ml inoculum for 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 h. At post incubation, the total gas volume was measured for methane using 4 ml of 10 M NaOH. Dynamics of gas production characteristics over time were described by equation Vt = Vf x [1 + exp {2-4 x S x (t-L)}] - 1. Metabolizable Energy (ME; MJ/kg DM), Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD; %) and short chain fatty acids (SCFA; μmol/200 mg DM)) were estimated. DM was lowest (88.1%) in Leucaena leucocephala and was the best (95.6%) in Tephrosia bracteolata seeds. CP ranged from 25-38.9% being the least (25.0%) for Lablab purpureus and the highest (38.9%) for Tehprosia candida. NDF of the seeds varied from 27.1% in Tephrosia bracteolata to 49.1% in Leucaena leucocephala. The volume of gas produced by the seeds consistently increased (p<0.05) and was significantly (p<0.05) highest in pulse legumes. Potential extent (Vt) of gas production ranged from 36.8-53.6 and that of fractional rate of gas production from 0.043-0.07. The ranged values 7.5-10.4, 50.7-70.4 and 0.751-1.185 for ME, OMD and SCFA respectively were significantly (p<0.05) highest in Tephrosia bracteolata seeds. The CH4 production varied from 148 μml in Albizia lebbeck to 300 μml in Carnavalia ensiformis. The result showed that the seeds were high in nutrients, digestible and metabolizable energy with relatively low methane production and therefore could be used for ruminants as feedstuffs.
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