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Articles by M. Ramzan
Total Records ( 4 ) for M. Ramzan
  Shujaul Mulk Khan , Habib Ahmad , M. Ramzan and Mian Mohib Jan
  Shawer Valley, District Swat was ethno-medicinally collated during summer, 2003. The study revealed that 88 species of 82 genera belonging to 58 families are traditionally used as medicinal plants. Thirty-two of these plants were medicinally used for the curing of Stomach or Gastric problems. Renal disorders are locally treated with 10 species. Jaundice and its associated fevers are healed with 7 species. For cough and cold 6 species are in practice. Skin diseases and wound healing are treated each with 4 species independently. Some of the plants are used as expectorant, anti diabetic and as general body tonic. Habitat fragmentation and unwise use of these plants are threatening them with extinction. Elaboration of conservation status for checking irreversible losses to the genetic resources of MAP’s and introduction of wise-use practices are imperative for effective conservation of the resources.
  M. Ramzan , I. Ali and A. Matin
  Childhood obesity is escalating rapidly, both in industrialized and developing countries. It will emerge as a potential public health burden faced by the developing countries in the near future. In children, Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is mainly associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome and is therefore considered as a metabolic complication of obesity. NAFLD comprises of a range of chronic liver diseases from simple steatosis, steatohepatitis and cirrhosis with liver failure. Since the prevalence of obesity in children is increasing, the prevalence of NAFLD in children is expected to increase as well. Prevention of obesity and identification of children with an increased risk of NAFLD are important steps in preventing irreversible liver damage. This prospective study was carried out in the primary schools of Dera Ismail Khan History City having mixed population. Clinical examination of the children excluded those suffering from chronic health ailments. History from the parents excluded the intake of hepatotoxic drugs. Body mass status of child was determined according to World Health Organization s' criteria and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s gender and age specific growth charts. Randomly selected normal weight and obese children have undergone abdominal ultrasound examination to confirm or rule out hepatic steatosis (Fatty Liver) by detecting the alteration in ultrasound/hyperechogenicity of the organ. Randomly selected children (normal weight and obese) among the 1336 school going children were subjected to ultrasound examination, comprising of 55 boys (59.13%) and 38 (40.86%) girls. 67 (72.04%) were obese and 26 (27.95) as normal weights. Hepatic ultrasound alterations/hyperechogenic liver was found in 7 (7.52%) obese boys. None of the obese girls and normal weight children was found to exhibit any alteration in ultrasound findings.
  S. A Mujahid , S Hussain and M. Ramzan

Plastic track detectors were used to measure the radon concentration and exhalation rate from the soil samples. The samples were collected from areas of southern Punjab, Pakistan. In a laboratory experiment, passive alpha dosemeters were installed inside cylindrical bottles containing the soil samples. The radon concentrations and the radon exhalation rate were found in the ranges of 34 ± 7 to 260 ± 42 Bq m–3 and 38 ± 8 to 288 ± 46 mBq m–2 h–1, respectively. The on-site measurements of radon in the soil gas were also carried out in these areas using a scintillation alpha counter. The concentration of radon in the soil gas was found in the range of 423 ± 82–3565 ± 438 Bq m–3.

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