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Articles by M. Gweba
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Gweba
  M. Gweba , K. I. Onifade and O. O. Faleke
  The effect of a single dose pre-treatment with chloramphenicol at 50 mg kg-1 given intramuscularly on xylazine sedation was evaluated on 6 Sokoto Red goats weighing 11-14 kg. The duration of xylazine sedation after xylazine administration at 0.2 mg kg-1 IM alone was 83.16±10.95 min (control), as against 129±1.78 and 157.83±4.99 min for the other two pre-treatments with chloramphenicol, respectively. There was a significant (p<0.05) decrease in the haemoglobin concentration for all treatments while a significant increase in the white blood cells count was observed for all treatments. Irrespective of weight variation, the goats in all exhibited the same clinical signs. It can be deduced from this research that chloramphenicol pre-treatment may prolong the duration of action of xylazine sedation.
  A.O. Fajinmi , O.O. Faleke , A.A. Magaji , A.I. Daneji and M. Gweba
  A survey for the prevalence of trypanosomes species and the anemic status of trade cattle presented for slaughtering at Sokoto main abattoir, Northwest Nigeria was conducted between January and June, 2008. Blood samples were collected at ante-mortem via jugular vein and examined by Standard Trypanosome Detection Methods (STDM). Anaemic status was determined by Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and FAMACHA® Anaemic Guide technique while Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique was used to detect the presence of Trypanosoma brucei group. Out of 500 samples analyzed by STDM, 9 (1.8%) were positive out of which 6 (66.7%) had Trypanosoma vivax. The PCR technique detected 22 (4.4%) positive cases of Trypanosoma brucei group while 45 (9.0%) cattle were anaemic using the PCV and FAMACHA® techniques, respectively and White Fulani breed had the highest infection rate with 5 (55.6%) cases. These findings are significant as the study area has earlier been declared as tsetse free zone, transhumant activities as practice largely by the cattle herders may be responsible for these detections. Presence of other mechanical vectors may lead to rapid spread of the infection which may have adverse effects on productivity of the animals with resultant economic losses. The detection of the T. brucei group in the examined trade cattle may also portend danger to public health as some ruminants and pigs have been incriminated as reservoir hosts of the Human African Trypanosomosis (HAT) agents in some parts of Africa. Statewide surveillance is therefore, needed to establish the true prevalence of the infection in all domesticated animals in the study area.
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