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Articles by M. Gopi
Total Records ( 3 ) for M. Gopi
  M. Gopi , M.R. Purushothaman and D. Chandrasekaran
  An experiment was carried out to study the effect of CoQ10 supplementation at 20 and 40 mg kg–1 in high energy diets under higher environmental temperature. The trial was carried out with 216 days old Cobb 400 broiler chicks divided into four treatments with nine replicates containing six birds in each. The treatments include normal energy diet (NE) (G1) (as per breeder’s specifications) and high energy (HE, Normal energy plus 100 kcal) diet without (G2) and with CoQ10 supplementation at 20 (G3) and 40 (G4) mg kg–1. The Temperature Humidity Index (THI) during the study ranged from 24.46-33.05°C. The bird’s growth performance, feed intake, feed efficiency, its serum lipid, mineral profile, serum antioxidant activity, muscle lipid and CoQ10 content, slaughter parameters cost of live weight gain were studied. There was no significant difference in the body weight gain, feed intake, feed efficiency in the growth periods and slaughter parameters among the treatment groups, whereas the production score, higher intestinal length and better feed cost per kg of live weight gain was observed in NE fed groups than the other three groups. The serum and muscle lipid content was reduced and serum antioxidant activity was increased with on CoQ10 supplementation at 20 and 40 mg kg–1 in the diet.
  M. Gopi , R. Dhinesh Kumar , G. Elaiyaraja , K. Karthik , H.V. Manjunatha Char , K. Gautham , R. Jaydip and M.R. Purushothaman
  The essentiality of nutrients keeps on changing with the advancement in nutritional research and genetic gain. The genetic gain especially in poultry sector is very high which results in increase in nutrient requirement of both the essential and non-essential nutrients. For the rapid growth the requirement of essential nutrients reaches many folds which are in direct relation with the performance, but the requirement for non-essential nutrients is an indirect one. Most of the dispensable amino acids, vitamin C, carnitine, etc. which are being synthesized endogenously are now a days unable to meet the birds requirements that warrants the dietary supply. Another important nutrient is coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) which endogenously synthesized is now gaining much attention as a supplement for fast growing broilers. The CoQ10 can be termed as multi-functionary as each and every cell in the body needs this but quantity is being high for very active organs like heart, lungs, liver, kidney, etc. They are essential for cellular oxidative phosphorylation and regenerative antioxidant. The supplementation of CoQ10 improved the feed efficiency with reducing the electron leaks from mitochondria and increases total antioxidant capacity. For this property, CoQ10 is widely used in human medicine especially persons suffering from cardiac, neurological disorder, hypercholesterolemic condition and also even in cancer. The CoQ10 in poultry draws first attention when it is found to reducing the ascites mortality in marketable broilers. Thereafter, the advantages of CoQ10 is started to exploit with much attention to ascites, feed efficiency, cholesterol lowering effect nutraceutical and nutrigenomic property both in poultry and swine industry.
  M. Gopi , R. Dhinesh Kumar , G. Prabakar , V. Beulah Pearlin , M. Shanmathy and M.R. Purushothaman
  The importance of microbial quality of the feed is not being considered in animal feeding till they affect the life or performance of the host. The animal feedstuffs-roughages and grains were exposed to various environmental conditions before they eventually reach the oral cavity of the animals. The microbes bacteria, virus and fungi along with harmful protein all affects the animal welfare and performance. These microbes not only affects the animals but also the humans with respect to Salmonella, scrapie, listeriosis. The contamination with fungus leads to not only change in colour, flavour and palatability, it also causes hepatic and kidney damages due to the production of mycotoxins. These toxins also possess tumour causing properties. The presence of microbial population in silage is very much important for the preparation of good quality silages. However, this area of animal nutrition is rarely under studied except the mycotoxins. The importance of microbiological quality is gaining importance over the past two decades since the report of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in Europe.
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