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Articles by M. Bryant
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Bryant
  D.A. Roland , Sr. and M. Bryant
  Two experiments were conducted to determine the most economical protein and lysine levels to feed laying hens during Phase I (weeks 21-36) of the laying cycle in order to optimize egg weight and profits when hens were exposed to warm (25.6 °C Average in Exp. 1) and cool temperatures (20.0 °C average in Exp. 2). In both experiments, nine hundred sixty 21-weeks old hens were randomly divided into six groups of 160 hens per group and fed one of six diets. Diets were formulated based on protein and lysine. Three diets formulated on protein contained 17.00, 18.70 and 20.80% protein and 0.90, 1.02 and 1.17% lysine, respectively. Three diets formulated based on lysine contained 0.75, 0.83 and 0.92% lysine and 14.98, 16.19 and 17.34% protein, respectively. Response criteria were egg production, feed consumption and egg weight. Neither diet nor method of formulation had an effect (p>0.05) on any response criteria other than egg weight in Exp. 1 and Exp. 2. In both experiments, egg weight increased (p<0.05) as the Lysine (or protein) content increased. Using an economic analysis with egg and feed prices at the time of the study, Bovans White hens required 1,076 mg lysine, 750 mg total sulphur amino acids (TSAA), 19.1 g protein and 264 kcal ME/hen/d for optimum profits during Phase I under warm conditions and 1,100 mg Lysine, 789 mg TSAA, 20.22 g protein and 310 kcal ME/hen/d during Phase I for maximum profits when kept under cool temperatures. Because feed and egg prices vary, there can be no fixed lysine (protein) requirement for optimal profit.
  Andrew Bateman , D.A. Roland , Sr. and M. Bryant
  A study was conducted to determine the optimal methionine plus cysteine to lysine (Met+Cys/Lys) ratio in corn-soy diets of Hy-Line W-36 hens (wk 21-34) during Phase 1. Hens (n = 1,920; 21-wk old) were randomly divided into 12 groups of 160 hens per group (20 hens x 8 replicates for each treatment). Three levels of lysine (0.79, 0.87 and 0.97%) with four Met+Cys/Lys ratios (0.71, 0.75, 0.79 and 0.83) were used. Response criteria were egg production, feed consumption and egg weight. An interaction (P < 0.001) was observed between lysine (Lys) level and Met+Cys/Lys ratio on egg production, feed consumption and egg weight. Lowering the Met+Cys/Lys ratio in the lowest Lys diet (0.79%) had an adverse effect on egg production, feed consumption and egg weight, however there was little or no effect on these parameters in diets containing two higher Lys levels (0.87 and 0.97%). An economic analysis indicated that the optimal Met+Cys/Lys ratios for diets containing 0.97, 0.87 and 0.79% lysine were 0.71, 0.75 and 0.83, respectively. Results indicated that the current National Research Council (NRC, 1994) recommendation of 0.83 for the Met+Cys/Lys ratio was too high for diets containing higher lysine or protein levels required for low consuming hens at peak production. Egg producers using a Met+Cys/Lys ratio of 0.83 may be overfeeding synthetic methionine by as much as one pound or more per ton of feed.
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