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Articles by M Fukuda
Total Records ( 3 ) for M Fukuda
  M Itahashi , S Higaki , M Fukuda and Y. Shimomura

Objective  To detect and quantitate the causative pathogens in patients with corneal ulcer using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by cycling probe.

Design  Clinical and laboratory study of 40 eyes of 40 patients diagnosed with corneal ulcer. Two methods were used for pathogen detection: bacterial culture and real-time PCR with the patient's corneal scrapings. Probes and primers of real-time PCR were designed to be pathogen specific for simultaneous detection of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-resistant S aureus, Candida species, and Fusarium species. Results by both methods were evaluated and compared.

Results  Of 40 eyes, 20 eyes had the same pathogens detected by both methods and those were S aureus (3 eyes; mean [SE], 3.8 [1.3] x 101 copies/sample), S pneumoniae (5 eyes; mean [SE], 5.6 [5.1] x 103 copies/sample), P aeruginosa (8 eyes; 5.1 [4.0] x 103 copies/sample), methicillin-resistant S aureus (1 eye; 1.0 x 102 copies/sample), and Candida species (3 eyes; mean [SE], 8.8 [4.9] x 103 copies/sample). Six eyes showed negative results by both methods. Results of both methods disagreed in 14 eyes; specifically, 11 had positive PCR results only, 2 had positive culture results only, and 1 eye had positive results for different pathogens.

Conclusions  The real-time PCR assay can simultaneously detect and quantitate bacterial and fungal pathogens in patients with corneal ulcer. Real-time PCR can be a fast diagnostic tool and may be useful as an adjunct to identify potential pathogens.

  H Wang , W Zhang , R Tang , R. P Hebbel , M. A Kowalska , C Zhang , J. D Marth , M Fukuda , C Zhu and Y. Huo

Objective— Core2 1 to 6-N-glucosaminyltransferase-I (C2GlcNAcT-I) plays an important role in optimizing the binding functions of several selectin ligands, including P-selectin glycoprotein ligand. We used apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient atherosclerotic mice to investigate the role of C2GlcNAcT-I in platelet and leukocyte interactions with injured arterial walls, in endothelial regeneration at injured sites, and in the formation of arterial neointima.

Methods and Results— Arterial neointima induced by wire injury was smaller in C2GlcNAcT-I-deficient apoE–/– mice than in control apoE–/– mice (a 79% reduction in size). Compared to controls, apoE–/– mice deficient in C2GlcNAcT-I also demonstrated less leukocyte adhesion on activated platelets in microflow chambers (a 75% reduction), and accumulation of leukocytes at injured areas of mouse carotid arteries was eliminated. Additionally, endothelial regeneration in injured lumenal areas was substantially faster in C2GlcNAcT-I-deficient apoE–/– mice than in control apoE–/– mice. Endothelial regeneration was associated with reduced accumulation of platelet factor 4 (PF4) at injured sites. PF4 deficiency accelerated endothelial regeneration and protected mice from neointima formation after arterial injury.

Conclusions— C2GlcNAcT-I deficiency suppresses injury-induced arterial neointima formation, and this effect is attributable to decreased leukocyte recruitment to injured vascular walls and increased endothelial regeneration. Both C2GlcNAcT-I and PF4 are promising targets for the treatment of arterial restenosis.

  M. N Ismail , E. L Stone , M Panico , S. H Lee , Y Luu , K Ramirez , S. B Ho , M Fukuda , J. D Marth , S. M Haslam and A. Dell

Core 2 β1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT), which exists in three isoforms, C2GnT1, C2GnT2 and C2GnT3, is one of the key enzymes in the O-glycan biosynthetic pathway. These isoenzymes produce core 2 O-glycans and have been correlated with the biosynthesis of core 4 O-glycans and I-branches. Previously, we have reported mice with single and multiple deficiencies of C2GnT isoenzyme(s) and have evaluated the biological and structural consequences of the loss of core 2 function. We now present more comprehensive O-glycomic analyses of neutral and sialylated glycans expressed in the colon, small intestine, stomach, kidney, thyroid/trachea and thymus of wild-type, C2GnT2 and C2GnT3 single knockouts and the C2GnT1–3 triple knockout mice. Very high-quality data have emerged from our mass spectrometry techniques with the capability of detecting O-glycans up to at least 3500 Da. We were able to unambiguously elucidate the types of O-glycan core, branching location and residue linkages, which allowed us to exhaustively characterize structural changes in the knockout tissues. The C2GnT2 knockout mice suffered a major loss of core 2 O-glycans as well as glycans with I-branches on core 1 antennae especially in the stomach and the colon. In contrast, core 2 O-glycans still dominated the O-glycomic profile of most tissues in the C2GnT3 knockout mice. Analysis of the C2GnT triple knockout mice revealed a complete loss of both core 2 O-glycans and branched core 1 antennae, confirming that the three known isoenzymes are entirely responsible for producing these structures. Unexpectedly, O-linked mannosyl glycans are upregulated in the triple deficient stomach. In addition, our studies have revealed an interesting terminal structure detected on O-glycans of the colon tissues that is similar to the RM2 antigen from glycolipids.

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