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Articles by Lovita Adriani
Total Records ( 11 ) for Lovita Adriani
  Andi Mushawwir , U. Hidayat Tanuwiria , Kurnia A. Kamil , Lovita Adriani and Rachmat Wiradimadja
  Background and Objective: The heat stress of quail plays an important role in feed utilization, blood profile, growth performance and its influence economic loss. Supplemented of volatile oil garlic is one the efforts to avoid the negative impact of heat stress. This study was conducted to investigate the potential of garlic powder in improving feed utilization, some parameters of blood biochemistry and performance. Materials and Methods: A total of 400 laying quails was used in this experiment. Animal samples were obtained at 6 week of age randomly assigned to 4 groups of treatment. Each group of treatment involved 10 replicates with 10 quails each (100 laying quails per group). All of the groups were provided basal diet and supplemented with volatile oil of garlic 0 (control), 0.75, 1.50 and 2.25 mL L–1 drinking water for group of D0, D1, D2 and D3, respectively. All of the groups were exposed heat stress under 33-35°C. Faces and eggs ware collected and also measured feed consumption to determined feed utilization. Blood sample was collected and centrifuged to separate plasma. The plasma was used for determination of concentration of blood biochemistry by spectrophotometer method, based on BIOLABO kit. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA using SAS. Results: Based on the results of this study, there was significant effect (p<0.05) supplementation of volatile oil garlic on the feed utilization between D0 and D1, D2, D3. Commonly, supplemented of volatile oil garlic showed significantly affected (p<0.05) on the blood biochemical and performance, however did not significantly affected (p>0.05) on the glucose and low density lipoprotein (LDL) . The administration of 2.25 mL L–1 drinking water was a optimum level for increasing feed utilization, improving profile of blood biochemistry and rising performance. Conclusion: The result in this study indicated that bioactive compound in volatile oil can be improved feed utilization, metabolism rate and quail production by administration 2.25 mL L–1 in drinking water.
  Lovita Adriani , Abun and Andi Mushawwir
  This study was aimed to determine the effect of Jengkol (Pithecellobium jiringan) skin extract in ration on blood glucose, uric acid and total gut E. coli count of broiler chicken. One hundred day old commercial broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four treatment groups as T1, T2, T3 and T4 with 25 birds per treatment group replicated five times with five birds per replicate in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The birds in the control group (T1) were given normal basal diet without the addition of jengkol skin extract, while as other groups (T2, T3, T4) were supplemented with 0.01, 0.02 and 0.03% jengkol skin extract respectively. The blood samples were randomly collected from five birds per replicate at the end experimental period (5th week) and analyzed for the estimation of blood glucose and uric acid. The total E. coli count of gut contents was analyzed using Total Plate Count method. The results revealed that blood glucose was non-significantly (p>0.05) increased in the groups fed Jengkol at various levels when compared to the control. Further, a significantly (p<0.05) proportional decreasing trend in blood uric acid levels was found with increase in the level of dietary Jengkol, with highest reduction of 8.76±0.35 mg/dl in the group supplemented with 0.03% Jengkol (T4) compared to 11.53±1.20 mg/dl in the control group. Moreover, the total gut E. coli also decreased significantly (p<0.05) in the groups fed Jengkol in the diet (T2, T3 and T4). In conclusion, dietary inclusion of Jengkol had beneficial effect with regard to its ability in reducing the blood uric acid levels and total gut E. coli count of broiler chicken.
  Lovita Adriani , Nenden Indrayati , Deni Rusmana , Elvia Hernawan and Ana Rochana
  Background and Objective: Nutrition has been reported to have a huge role in maintaining the pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance. Therefore, a study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Noni Fruit Flour (NFF) on antioxidant status and hematological indices of layer quail birds. Materials and Methods: A total of 400, 4 weeks old quail birds were used in this study in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The birds were randomly assigned into four treatment groups of P0, P1, P2 and P3 with 25 birds treatment–1 replicated 5 times of 5 birds each. The birds in first group (P0) were given basal feed without noni, while as other groups were supplemented with 0.25% (P1), 0.50% (P2) and 0.75% (P3) NFF. Results: There was a non-significant (p>0.05) reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA) level of quails due to NFF supplementation. A linear reduction in blood MDA levels was observed with increase in level of NFF, with highest reduction (0.340±0.04 nmol mL–1) in group fed 0.75% NFF compared to control (0.390±0.041 nmol mL–1). A statistically non-significant increase in total number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin was found with increase in NFF level. Highest erythrocyte number (3.54±0.395×106 mm–3) and hemoglobin (11.81±4.03 g dL–1) were found in group fed 0.75% NFF. Conclusion: Addition of NFF in diet of quail birds had beneficial effect in reducing the oxidative stress and oxidative damage as reflected by reduced MDA levels and increased erythrocyte number and hemoglobin concentration.
  Andi Mushawwir , U Hidayat Tanuwiria , Kurnia A Kamil , Lovita Adriani , Rachmat Wiradimadja and Nono Suwarno
  Background and Objective: Temperature is one of the main factors affecting the performance of broilers. Feed efficiency and poor performance of broilers are a main problem for broiler producers in regions in which the temperature exceeds the thermoneutral zone or even the upper critical temperature. The current experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of combining Javanese ginger powder (JGP) with garlic extract (GE) in improving haematological condition and blood biochemistry in heat-stressed broilers. Materials and Methods: One hundred and seventy-five, one-day-old unsex Cobb broiler chicks were used in the current study to evaluate the potential of combining Javanese ginger powder (JGP) with garlic extract (GE) in improving haematological condition and blood biochemistry in heat-stressed broiler. The dietary treatments consisted of Javanese ginger powder (JGP) and garlic extract (GE). The broiler samples were randomly allocated to 7 treatment groups: Control group = D0 (without JGP and GE), JGP of 10 g kg–1 basal diet (D1), JGP of 15 g kg–1 basal diet (D2), GE of 5 mL kg–1 basal diet (D3), GE of 10 mL kg–1 basal diet (D4), JGP of 10 g: GE of 5 mL (D5) and JGP of 10 g: GE of 10 mL (D6). Blood samples were collected and whole blood was used to analyse haematological parameters while the blood plasma was used to determine the concentration of biochemical parameters by an automatic biochemical analyser, using a commercial kit. Results: The current study showed decreased haematological condition and biochemical profile in heat-stressed broilers. Combining JGP and GE can improve the physiological condition (haematological and biochemical) in heat-stressed broilers. A combination of JGP with GE (D5 and D6) demonstrated supplemented levels that significantly enhanced (p<0.05) the haematological and biochemical profile in heat-stressed broilers. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, combining JGP with GE resulted in supplemented levels that significantly enhanced the haematological and biochemical profile, therefore, we conclude that JGP and GE can be used to avoid heat-stress in broilers.
  Hendi Setiyatwan , E. Harlia , D. Rusmana , Tubagus Benito and Lovita Adriani
  Background and Objectives: Duckweed has a potential to be used as poultry feed, however due to its high crude fibre content, its inclusion at high levels is limited. This could be overcome by means of fermentation with microbial strains like Trichoderma harzianum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Therefore, the present study was designed in order to improve the nutritive value of duckweed by fermentation with Trichoderma harzianum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Materials and Methods: There were five treatments, each having 4 replicates, thus making it a total of 20 experimental units. The treatments consisted of P1: (Fermentation using Trichoderma harzianum for 1 day followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation for 9 days), P2: (Trichoderma harzianum for 3 days followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation for 7 days), P3: (Trichoderma harzianum for 5 days followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation for 5 days), P4: (Trichoderma harzianum for 7 days followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation for 3 days) and P5: (Trichoderma harzianum for 9 days followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation for 1 day). Results: The fermentation of Duckweed using Trichoderma harzianum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae microbes was found helpful in modifying the nutritive value of duckweed. The best combination that improved the nutritive value of duckweed in terms of increasing the crude protein (33.88%) and zinc (88.6%) content and decreasing the crude fibre (8.16%) content was P2 in which duckweed was fermented with Trichoderma harzianum for 3 days followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation for 7 days. Conclusion: Fermentation with Trichoderma harzianum for 3 days followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation was found effective in improving the nutrient composition of duckweed for poultry feeding.
  Lovita Adriani , A. Andiany , D. Latipudin , Tubagus Benito and C. Cahyani
  Background and Objective: Probiotics have several positive benefits, such as reducing pathogenic bacteria population, providing enzymes to help food digestion and lowering blood lipid levels. This study aimed to determine the effect of fermented cow and soybean milk containing probiotic bacteria on the levels of blood cholesterol and triglyceride of broiler chickens. Methodology: The experiment applied the Completely Randomized Design with six levels ration and used 120 day-old broiler chicks. Six treatments were designed: T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 with 4 replications. The total experimental units were 24, which contained 5 chicken each. The treatments were; T0: Basal ration, T1: Basal ration+cow milk, T2: Basal ration+fermented cow milk, T3: Basal ration+fermented soybean milk, T4: Basal ration+fermented cow and Soybean milk and T5: Basal ration+fermented cow milk with Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria with ratio 1 : 1. Results: Result indicated that the addition of probiotic bacteria (T5) have a significant effect (p<0.05) to decrease the levels of cholesterol and triglyceride in the broiler chickens. T5 has the lowest blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, i.e., 108.25 and 32.93 mg dL1, respectively. Conclusion: The fermented cow and soybean milk with Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria (T5) had the best result in decreasing blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels in broilers.
  Lovita Adriani , Diding Latipudin , Roostita.L. Balia and Tuti Widjastuti
  Background and Objective: Probiotics have been reported to have positive effect on gut morphology and subsequent performance of poultry birds. Therefore, the present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of fermented soy and cow milk as probiotic on small intestine morphometry of broiler chicken. Materials and Methods: 100 day old commercial broiler chicks were allocated to 4 treatment groups in a complete randomized design (CRD) and each treatment was replicated 4 times with 5 chicks in each replicate. The treatments consisted of birds fed: Only basal feed (T0), basal feed with 100% fermented cow milk (T1), basal feed with fermented cow milk+fermented soy milk in 50:50% ratio (T2) and basal feed with fermented cow milk+fermented soy milk with a 75:25% ratio (T3). Results: Use of fermented cow or soy milk as probiotic in the diet of broiler had no significant (p>0.05) effect on jejunal villus height when compared with the control group. However, there was an improvement in the jujunal villus width and number of villi in chicken fed fermented cow or soy milk as probiotic in the diet when compared with the control. Conclusion: Inclusion of dietary fermented cow or soy milk in the diet resulted in improvement in the morphometry and number of villi in the jejunum part of small intestine in broiler chicken.
  Lovita Adriani , Tuti Widjastuti , Endang Sudjana , Andi Mushawwir and An-An Yulianti
  A study was carried out at the Poultry Department, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University, Bandung Indonesia, in order to determine the effect of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) juice and Palm sugar (Arenga pinnata) supplementation in drinking water on the lipid profile of broiler chicken. One hundred (100) day old commercial broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four (4) treatment groups as T1, T2, T3 and T4 with 25 birds per treatment group replicated five times of five (5) birds per replicate in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The birds in the first group (T1) were given only 0.3% Noni in drinking water, while as other groups were supplemented with 0.3% Noni+2% Palm sugar (T1), 0.3% Noni+3% Palm sugar (T2) and 0.3% Noni+4% Palm sugar (T4). The blood samples were randomly collected from three (3) birds per replicate at the end of the study at 5th week and analyzed for the estimation of blood lipid profile viz. Total Cholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Triglycerides. Results revealed that using combination of Noni and Palm sugar significantly (p<0.05) decreased the total Cholesterol, triglyceride and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) levels. A numerical decrease in the levels of total cholesterol and LDL was observed with increase in the level of Palm sugar among the treatment groups. Highest reductions were observed in the groups supplemented with 0.3% Noni+4% Palm sugar (T4). Although, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) did not increase in the present study but the ratio between HDL and LDL increased numerically in the treatment groups with increase in the concentration of Palm sugar. Thus, in view of the results obtained, it could be concluded that both Noni and Palm sugar have beneficial health effects with regard to their ability in altering the lipid profile of broiler chicken.
  Elvia Hernawan , Lovita Adriani , Andi Mushawwir , Chandrawati Cahyani and Darmawan
  Background and Objective: Chitosan is a natural alkaline polysaccharide and widespread in nature. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of chitosan on blood biochemical parameters like cholesterol, malondialdehyde (MDA), creatinine and total leucocytes. Methodology: One hundred laying phase hens, aged 28 weeks were used in the study. The birds were divided into 2 treatment groups each having 3 replicates of 10 birds each. Group I served as control and was fed basal diet. In Group II, basal diet was supplemented with chitosan at 150 ppm g–1 by spraying method. Results: The results showed that the chitosan inclusion in the diet of layer pullets significantly (p<0.05) lowered the total cholesterol (36.749±0.381 mg dL–1) when compared to the control group (43.030±0.352 mg dL–1). The dietary incorporation of chitosan significantly (p<0.05) decreased blood MDA levels (1.829±0.237 nmoles mL–1) of laying hens compared to control (2.553±0.379 nmoles mL–1). The creatinine levels also decreased significantly (p<0.05) in birds fed diet supplemented with chitosan, however, there was no effect on the total leucocyte count. Conclusion: The incorporation of chitosan in the diet had positive effect in terms of reducing the blood cholesterol and malondialdehyde levels of laying hens.
  Tubagus Benito Achmad Kurnani , Lovita Adriani , Ujang Hidayat , Elvia Hernawan and Sri Bandiati
  Background and Objective: Sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) being an environmental threat and having many dietary beneficial effects, it could be used in the diet of livestock. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the objective to study the effect of dietary inclusion of Citrus sinensis waste on Padjadjaran sheep. Materials and Methods: This study used 20 Padjadjaran rams with average body weight of 30.42±4.50 kg. The rams were divided into 4 treatments of 5 animals. The sweet orange waste was used at the rate of 0% (control group-R0), 12% (R1), 17% (R2) and 22% (R3). The parameters estimated were crude protein digestibility, initial body weight, final body weight, body weight increase and crude protein of feed. Results: The results indicated that the dietary inclusion of sweet orange waste had no significant (p>0.05) effect on the crude protein digestibility of rams when compared with the control group. However, the highest crude protein digestibility (55.26±13.27%) was observed in the group wherein diet of rams was supplemented with 12% sweet orange waste (R2), followed by (53.40±9.04%) the control group. Further, there was no significant (p>0.05) effect on the body weight of rams fed various levels of sweet orange waste when compared with the control group. Highest body weight (0.63±0.94) was found in the control group, followed by (0.59±0.67) R3 group (fed 22% sweet orange waste in the diet). Conclusion: The inclusion of sweet orange waste up to 22% in the diet had no negative effect in terms of crude protein digestibility and body weight increase of Padjadjaran rams.
  Bambang Kholiq Mutaqin , Didin S. Tasripin , Lovita Adriani and U. Hidayat Tanuwiria
  Background and Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in supplemental feed for dairy cows. Samples obtained from three types of vegetable oils (soybean oil, corn oil and peanut oil) were selected to provide essential fatty acids to dairy cows. Materials and Methods: The approach of this study was to compare three types of vegetable oils added to rations to make Ca-PUFA complexes given to dairy cows. The parameters measured were fermentability and digestibility. The completely randomized design was used with six treatments and four replications. The treatments were: R1 = Ration +3% Corn Oil, R2 = Basal Ration + 3% Peanut Oil, R3 = Basal Ration +3% Soybean Oil, R4 = Basal Ration +3% Ca-Corn Oil Complex, R5 = Basal Ration +3% Ca-Peanut Oil Complex and R6 = Basal Ration +3% Ca-Soybean Oil Complex. Results: This study indicated that the production of NH3 for the treatments ranged from 14.64±0.81 to 18.24±1.52 mM. The average volatile fatty acid (VFA) production ranged from 82.15±0.13 to 144.59±0.49 mM. The analysis of variance showed that the supplementation of Ca-oil complexes in complete rations increased VFA production values (p<0.05). Fatty acid compounding by calcium minerals improved digestibility compared to whole oil (p<0.05). Soybean oil compounded by calcium showed the highest fermentability and digestibility values among the three types of oils tested (corn oil, peanut oil and soybean oil). However, the results showed that peanut oil was comparable to soybean oil when considering economic factors. Conclusion: The use of peanut oil in the manufacturing of Ca-oil complexes can compete with soybean oil in terms of effectiveness.
 
 
 
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