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Articles by L. M. Golightly
Total Records ( 2 ) for L. M. Golightly
  S. Rondini , M. R. Pingle , S. Das , R. Tesh , M. S. Rundell , J. Hom , S. Stramer , K. Turner , S. N. Rossmann , R. Lanciotti , E. G. Spier , J. Munoz-Jordan , D. Larone , E. Spitzer , F. Barany and L. M. Golightly
  We have developed a novel multiplex reverse transcription-PCR ligase detection reaction (RT-PCR/LDR) assay for the detection of West Nile virus (WNV) in both clinical and mosquito pool samples. The method relies on the amplification of three different genomic regions, one in the coding sequence of nonstructural protein NS2a and two in nonstructural protein NS5, to minimize the risk of detection failure due to genetic variation. The sensitivity of the PCR is complemented by the high specificity of the LDR step, and the detection of the LDR products can be achieved with capillary electrophoresis (CE) or a universal DNA microarray. We evaluated the limit of detection by both one-step and two-step multiplex RT-PCR/LDR/CE approaches, which reached, respectively, 0.005 and 0.017 PFU. The assay demonstrated 99% sensitivity when mosquito pool samples were tested and 100% sensitivity with clinical samples when the one-step approach was used. The broad strain coverage was confirmed by testing 34 WNV isolates belonging to lineages 1 and 2, and the high specificity of the assay was determined by testing other flaviviruses, as well as negative mosquito pool and clinical samples. In summary, the multiplex RT-PCR/LDR assay could represent a valuable complement to WNV serological diagnosis, especially in early symptomatic patients. In addition, the multiplexing capacity of the technique, which can be coupled to universal DNA microarray detection, makes it an amenable tool to develop a more comprehensive assay for viral pathogens.
  S. Das , M. R. Pingle , J. Munoz-Jordan , M. S. Rundell , S. Rondini , K. Granger , G.- J. J. Chang , E. Kelly , E. G. Spier , D. Larone , E. Spitzer , F. Barany and L. M. Golightly
  The detection and successful typing of dengue virus (DENV) from patients with suspected dengue fever is important both for the diagnosis of the disease and for the implementation of epidemiologic control measures. A technique for the multiplex detection and typing of DENV serotypes 1 to 4 (DENV-1 to DENV-4) from clinical samples by PCR-ligase detection reaction (LDR) has been developed. A serotype-specific PCR amplifies the regions of genes C and E simultaneously. The two amplicons are targeted in a multiplex LDR, and the resultant fluorescently labeled ligation products are detected on a universal array. The assay was optimized using 38 DENV strains and was evaluated with 350 archived acute-phase serum samples. The sensitivity of the assay was 98.7%, and its specificity was 98.4%, relative to the results of real-time PCR. The detection threshold was 0.017 PFU for DENV-1, 0.004 PFU for DENV-2, 0.8 PFU for DENV-3, and 0.7 PFU for DENV-4. The assay is specific; it does not cross-react with the other flaviviruses tested (West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, Kunjin virus, Murray Valley virus, Powassan virus, and yellow fever virus). All but 1 of 26 genotypic variants of DENV serotypes in a global DENV panel from different geographic regions were successfully identified. The PCR-LDR assay is a rapid, sensitive, specific, and high-throughput technique for the simultaneous detection of all four serotypes of DENV.
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