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Articles by L. Butkhup
Total Records ( 4 ) for L. Butkhup
  S. Samappito and L. Butkhup
  This experiment was carried out in the rainy season (May-October) of the 2006 at the Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham 44000, Thailand to analyse organic acids contents in ripe fruits of fifteen Mao Luang cultivars harvested from dipterocarp forest, Phupan Valley, Sakon Nakhon, Northeast Thailand. The experiment was laid in a Completely Randomised Design (CRD) with four replications. The fifteen Mao Luang cultivars were used as treatments. The results showed that there were two groups of organic acids contents in ripe fruits of Mao Luang cultivars i.e., major and minor. The major group of organic acids includes: tartaric acid (7.97-12.16 mg g-1 of fresh weight), ascorbic acid (10.01-16.55 mg g-1 of fresh weight), citric acid (4.44-11.73 mg g-1 of fresh weight) and benzoic acid (8.13-17.43 mg g-1 of fresh weight) and the minor group includes malic acid (3.05-4.52 mg g-1 of fresh weight), lactic acid (1.12-4.09 mg g-1 of fresh weight), oxalic acid (1.00-1.45 mg g-1 of fresh weight) and acetic acid (0.19-0.69 mg g-1 of fresh weight). Khumlhai cultivar gave the highest amount of ascorbic acid followed by Lompat, Phuchong, Sangkrow 2 and Maelookdog cultivars. Sangkrow 2 and Phuchong cultivars gave the highest ratio between tartaric and malic acids. Total soluble solid content (TSS%) was highest with Sangkrow 5 cultivar, whilst Total Organic Acids (TOA) was highest with Phuchong cultivar and ratio between TSS:TOA was highest with Sangkrow 2 cultivar. Juice % was highest with both Sangkrow 2 and 3 cultivars, whilst Fapratan and Lompat cultivars ranked the second.
  L. Butkhup and S. Samappito
  This investigation was carried out at the Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham Province, Northeast Thailand. The study aimed to analyze flavonoids contents in ripe fruits of fifteen Mao Luang cultivars (Antidesma bunius) harvested from dipterocarp forest of the mountainous areas of Phupan Valley, Sakon Nakhon Province, Northeast Thailand. The experiment was laid in a Completely Randomised Design (CRD) with five replications. The fifteen cultivars were used as treatments. An amount of 2 kg of ripe fruits of each cultivar was collected and extracted for juice solutions. The analysis was carried out with the use of RP-HPLC laboratory system. The results showed that fruits of the fifteen Mao Luang cultivars contained three different kinds of flavonoids, i.e., catechin, procyanidin B1 and procyanidin B2. These three chemical compounds were the major flavonoids in all analyzed fruit samples of the fifteen cultivars. The highest amount of procyanidin B1 was found with Lompat followed by Maeloogdog with values of 4,122.75 and 3,993.88 mg 100 g-1 of fresh weight, respectively and the highest amount of procyanidin B2 was found with Sangkrow 2 followed by Fapratan with values of 5,006.39 and 3,689.42 mg 100 g-1 of fresh weight, respectively. Catechin contents in fruits of the fifteen cultivars varied from 73.39 to 316.22 mg 100 g-1 of fresh weight for Sangkrow 5 and Fapratan, respectively where Fapratan was the highest among the fifteen cultivars followed by Sangkrow 2 with values of 316.22 and 175.40 mg 100 g-1 of fresh weight, respectively. In terms of grand total amounts of flavonoids, Sangkrow 2 was the best followed by Fapratan, Sangkrow 1 and Maeloogdog, whilst the rest were of secondary importance.
  S. Samappito and L. Butkhup
  The experiment was carried out at the Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Northeast Thailand during the 2006. The study aimed to determine amounts of flavonoids, phenolics and organic acids in ripe fruits and brewed red wines of both non-skin contact and skin contact winemaking techniques where Mao Luang ripe fruits of both Fapratan and Sangkrow2 cultivars were used. The experiment was laid in a Completely Randomised Design (CRD) with four replications. The results showed that mean values of primary data of fresh Mao Luang ripe fruits on weight of 100 berries (g) and mean values of juice:solids, pH, total soluble solid (TSS,0brix), total organic acids (TOA, mg L-1), TSS:TOA (%), total flavonoids contents (TFC, mg L-1), total phenolic acids (TPA, mg L-1), total procyanidins contents (TPC, mg L-1) and reducing sugar (g L-1) were 65.62, 3.28, 3.51, 16.50, 49.36, 28.10, 397.90, 76.04, 156.21 and 184.32, respectively. Skin contact Mao Luang red wine gave higher amounts of flavonoids, phenolic acids, anthocyanins of procyanidin B1 and procyanidin B2, organic acids than non-skin contact red wine. The differences were highly significant. Furthermore, ethanol (%) and total acidity (g L-1 citric acid) were much higher for skin contact wine than non-skin contact wine but a reverse was found with total soluble solids (0brix), pH where non-skin contact wine gave higher mean values than skin contact wine.
  L. Butkhup and S. Samappito
  The aims of the present study were to determine the free radical scavenging activity and antimicrobial activity against 15 food spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms of 18 selected Thai medicinal plants from 12 different families based on ethnopharmacological and taxonomic information. The methanolic extract of Allium sativum L. gave highest yield (34.76% db) following Rheum officinale Baill. (24.94% db) and Curcuma longa L. (23.39% db), respectively. Sixteen plant materials out of 18 selected Thai medicinal plants showed high effective scavenging capacity (IC50<0.06 mg mL-1) that order: Mansonia gagei Drumm., Pterocarpus santalinus L., Cinnamomum iners Blume., Kaempferia parviflora Wall., Caesalpinia sappan L., Rheum officinale Baill. and Albizia myriophylla Benth., respectively. The highest antioxidant activity was detected in Kaempferia parviflora Wall. by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The most active medicinal plant extracts showed broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against 15 food spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. The Allium sativum L., Caesalpinia sappan L., Mansonia gagei Drumm., Alpinia galangal Swartz., Curcuma longa L. and Kaempferia parviflora Wall. extracts had the greatest inhibitory effect against B. cereus ATCC 11778, E. coli ATCC 29214, Staph. aureus ATCC 13150, Pr. vulgaris TISTR 100, Strep. cremoris TISTR 058, Salm. typhi ATCC 43579 and C. krusei TISTR 5256 by using the disc diffusion method. The findings support the view that some Thai medicinal plants are promising sources of potential antioxidants and antimicrobial activity, which may be efficient as preventive agents in the pathogenesis of some diseases.
 
 
 
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