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Articles by J.A. Alalade
Total Records ( 3 ) for J.A. Alalade
  V.O. Asaolu , J.A. Akinlade , O.A. Aderinola , A.T. Okewoye and J.A. Alalade
  The performance of grazing West African Dwarf (WAD) goats on Moringa Multi Nutrient Block (MMNB) supplementation was assessed relative to cassava peels (CPL) and corn starch residues (CSR), using a complete randomized design with four replicates per treatment. Performance indices were supplement intake and experimental animals’ weight and haematological changes. Statistical (p<0.05) differences were observed in supplement intakes, which were 11.08, 23.61 and 34.53 g-1 kg0.75 for MMNB, CPL and CSR respectively. MMNB however had higher nutrient contents. Weight changes were positive across treatments. Mean weight gain for animals on MMNB supplementation (38.10 g day-1) was however significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of the animals on the reference supplements, which showed no statistical (p>0.05) difference. Only MMNB supplementation resulted in a significant (p<0.05) increase in Packed Cell Volume (PCV) at the end of the study although all values fell within the range considered normal for clinically-healthy WAD goats. Each of the three supplements resulted in significant (p<0.05) increases in Haemoglobin (Hb) and Red Blood Cell (RBC) counts, although the magnitudes of the increases were most pronounced with MMNB. Animals on CSR maintained relatively comparable levels of WBC at both the commencement and end of the study. However, CPL supplementation resulted in higher (p<0.05) WBC values at the end of the study whereas MMNB supplementation resulted in corresponding lower (p<0.05) values. Hence, adoption of the MMNB feeding technology by small ruminant keepers could be a panacea to the nutritional and health hardships faced by the animals during the usually long dry season.
  F.G. Sodeinde , J.A. Akinlade , O.A. Aderinola , S.R. Amao , J.A. Alalade and A.T. Adesokan
  The in vitro gas production and the proximate composition of field grown Panicum maximum cv T 58 (Guinea grass) harvested from poultry manured soil and harvested after 6 weeks of regrowth was determined. The experiment was a split plot design with three replicates. Poultry droppings increased the volume of the gas produced in both stem and leaf of P. maximum cv T 58. The result reveals that stems produce higher methane gas than the leaf. This indicates that the stem lost high energy compared to the leaves when fed to the ruminants. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in metabolizable energy (ME), organic matter digestibility (OMD) and short chain fatty acids (SFA) measured. Panicum maximum from fertilized poultry dropping recorded higher crude protein 8.40% content in the leaf compared with the stem of 5.08 %. Despite these variations, the forage generally contained adequate amounts of the minerals to meet livestock requirements. In production systems, the quality of Panicum maximum a major feed of grazing animals in south Western Nigeria could be enhanced by application of the poultry dropping to the soil.
  A.A. Busari , J.O. Oyewale , J.A. Akinlade , M.K. Adewumi , S.O. Okunola and J.A. Alalade
  Inadequate nutrition remains a major constraint to improved cattle production in the traditional agropastoral system of derived savanna in Nigeria. Consequently, a trial to study effect of supplementary feeding of dried brewers spent grain to grazing cattle in the dry season was carried out in four selected Fulani herds located in the four axis of the derived savanna zone. In the trial, studies were carried out on eight N’dama and eight Bunaji bull calves in a 2×2 factorial arrangement of complete randomized block design. The supplement DBSG (24% CP) was fed at the rate of 1 kg/calf /day for the period of 3 months. The calves on supplementation consumed an average of 0.80 kg day–1 of the supplement. The average daily weight gains were higher for bull-calves on supplementary feeding (85/day for N’dama versus 56 g day–1 for Bunaji) than those without the supplement (17 g day–1 for N’dama versus 11 g day–1 for Bunaji). Ndama cattle gained more weight than Bunaji. Financial analysis showed that the net benefit for the two breeds fed with or without supplementation was higher for N’dama than for Bunaji. Supplementation had a significant (p<0.05) effect on animal PCV, RBC and Hb values. There were significant interaction between hematological parameters and protein intake except for leukocyte count. The study showed that dietary protein supplementation had asignificant influence on haemotogical parameters; body weight gains and the net economic returns. Thus, dry season feed supplementation with dried brewers spent grain had a positive effect on Bunaji and N’dama bull calves being raised in a traditional Fulani herd and could be encouraged as a strategy to boost cattle productivity during the critical dry season.
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