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Articles by J.A. Akinlade
Total Records ( 7 ) for J.A. Akinlade
  V.O. Asaolu , J.A. Akinlade , O.A. Aderinola , A.T. Okewoye and J.A. Alalade
  The performance of grazing West African Dwarf (WAD) goats on Moringa Multi Nutrient Block (MMNB) supplementation was assessed relative to cassava peels (CPL) and corn starch residues (CSR), using a complete randomized design with four replicates per treatment. Performance indices were supplement intake and experimental animals’ weight and haematological changes. Statistical (p<0.05) differences were observed in supplement intakes, which were 11.08, 23.61 and 34.53 g-1 kg0.75 for MMNB, CPL and CSR respectively. MMNB however had higher nutrient contents. Weight changes were positive across treatments. Mean weight gain for animals on MMNB supplementation (38.10 g day-1) was however significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of the animals on the reference supplements, which showed no statistical (p>0.05) difference. Only MMNB supplementation resulted in a significant (p<0.05) increase in Packed Cell Volume (PCV) at the end of the study although all values fell within the range considered normal for clinically-healthy WAD goats. Each of the three supplements resulted in significant (p<0.05) increases in Haemoglobin (Hb) and Red Blood Cell (RBC) counts, although the magnitudes of the increases were most pronounced with MMNB. Animals on CSR maintained relatively comparable levels of WBC at both the commencement and end of the study. However, CPL supplementation resulted in higher (p<0.05) WBC values at the end of the study whereas MMNB supplementation resulted in corresponding lower (p<0.05) values. Hence, adoption of the MMNB feeding technology by small ruminant keepers could be a panacea to the nutritional and health hardships faced by the animals during the usually long dry season.
  J.A. Akinlade , G.O. Farinu , A.A. Taiwo , O.A. Aderinola , T.A. Adebayo , O.O. Ojebiyi and O.A. Olaniran
  Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the potential use of jackbean (Canavalia ensiformis) forage as a feed supplement for West African dwarf goats in the derived savannah zone of Nigeria. In experiment 1, the forage production potential and quality of Canavalia ensiformis was investigated at three different spacing in a randomized complete block experiment. In the second experiment, the supplementary feeding value of the herbage in goats was investigated in a completely randomized experiment. Results showed that plant components (leaves, stem and whole) decreased (p<0.05) with increasing spacing. Leaf yield were 0.223, 0.209 and 0.109 t ha-1 for spacing 50x50, 75x75 and 100x100 cm, respectively. Crude protein contents of the leaves were similar (p>0.05) and were; 14.88 15.09 and 15.00% at 50x50, 75x75 and 100x100 cm spacing, respectively. In the second experiment, the total dry matter intake increased with increasing levels of supplementation (p<0.05). The total crude protein intake followed a similar trend. Average daily weight gain differed among the treatment groups with 0.18 g day-1 gain at the control group. It can be concluded based on herbage dry matter yield, nutrient composition and the animal performance that Canavalia ensiformis forage can be usefully incorporated into the dry season feed strategy of WAD goats in the derived savannah zone of Nigeria.
  R.O. Olabanji , G.O. Farinu , J.A. Akinlade and O.O. Ojebiyi
  Thirty-two crossed-bred rabbits of mixed sexes were used to investigate the effect of different inclusion levels of Wild Sunflower Leaf-blood Meal (WSFLBM) mixture on growth performance, carcass and organ characteristics of weaned rabbits in a completely randomized experimental design. Four diets were formulated to contain 0% (control), 5, 10 and 20% WSFLBM. The trial lasted for 56 days. Results showed that rabbits on 5, 10 and 20% inclusion levels had daily feed intake, average daily weight gain and feed to gain ratio that were comparable (p>0.05) to those on control diet. The feed cost per kg diet was significantly (p<0.05) reduced as the level of inclusion of WSFLBM mixture increased. The feed cost per kg weight gain was however not affected (p>0.05). Relative weights of heart, lung, kidney, spleen, stomach, pancreas and large intestine of rabbits on WSFLBM diets compared favourably with those rabbit on the control diet (p>0.05). It was concluded that wild sunflower leaf-blood meal mixture (WSFLBM) could be efficiently utilized and tolerated by weaner rabbits up to 20% inclusion level without any deleterious effect. However, further investigation into the long - term effect on internal organs and reproductive performance is suggested.
  V.O. Asaolu , R.T. Binuomote , J.A. Akinlade , O.S. Oyelami and K.O. Kolapo
  Unlike Leucaena (LEU) and Gliricidia (GLI) fodders and in spite of its globally acclaimed nutritive values, Moringa (MO) fodder is yet to receive adequate research attention in Nigeria as a protein supplement for ruminants. The nutritional synergies between equal but separate combinations of MO with LEU and GLI fodders, respectively, relative to a sole MO fodder were evaluated with West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Three male WAD goats, weighing 10±1 kg, were used in a feed intake and nutrient digestibility study consisting of three experimental periods of 24 days each. Three experimental diets; 50 MO:50 LEU, 50 MO:50 GLI and 100 MO were investigated using a 3*3 Latin Square within a complete randomized design. Performance indices were Dry Matter Intake (DMI), nutrient digestibility, nitrogen utilization and Relative Feed Value (RFVs). DMI and nutrient digestibility values were high with no (p>0.05) diet effects. Nitrogen in the three diets was well utilized. It was however better (p<0.05) utilized in 100 MO with minimal losses in faeces (5.47%) and urine (14.15%), leading to better nitrogen balance and retention. RFVs were generally high but significantly (p<0.05) highest for 100 MO. Based on the RFVs, 50 MO:50 LEU and 50 MO:50 GLI fodder combinations appeared promising as protein supplements for WAD goats, with a better prospect of utilization of 50 MO:50 GLI based on nitrogen utilization. The fodder combination will also allow for an optimal utilization of the available moringa fodder as its availability is still limited in Nigeria.
  V.O. Asaolu , S.M. Odeyinka , O.O. Akinbamijo and J.A. Akinlade
  The anthelmintic attributes of moringa and bamboo leaves were evaluated using 18 gastrointestinal nematode-infested West African Dwarf goats (nine males and nine females; mean weight = 9.5±0.5 kg) in a 12 week feeding trial with groundnut hay as the reference diet in a complete randomized design. Total and condensed tannins of moringa and bamboo leaves were quantified. Feed intake, weight changes, feed conversion ratios, faecal egg counts and packed cell volumes of the goats were monitored. The animals were thereafter slaughtered for gastrointestinal worm counts and carcass characterization. No condensed tannins were detected in bamboo leaves while they constituted 0.1% of moringa leaves. There were no (p>0.05) dietary effects on dry matter intake. Moringa-substitution of groundnut hay produced a significant (p<0.05) reduction in feed conversion ratio (18.0 vs. 27.4 g feed g–1 live-weight gain) while bamboo-substitution led to a significant (p<0.05) increase (45.7 vs. 27.4 g feed g–1 live-weight gain). The final mean faecal egg counts were between 334-384 eggs g–1 of faeces/animal, representing a drop of at least 65% but were not (p>0.05) affected by dietary treatments. The mean worm burden pattern after slaughter indicated mixed infestations with no significant (p>0.05) diet effects. Moringa substitution of groundnut hay produced significant (p<0.05) increases in warm carcass weight and dressing percentage (5.2 vs. 4.4 kg; 47.3 vs. 40.5%). Bamboo and moringa leaves contained no condensed tannins of anthelmintic significance. However, complementing groundnut hay, the feed resource of choice in The Gambia with moringa foliage (50:50 ratio), appears promising in improving resilience of West African Dwarf goats to the negative effects of gastrointestinal nematode infections and maintaining productivity under the parasitic challenge.
  F.G. Sodeinde , J.A. Akinlade , O.A. Aderinola , S.R. Amao , J.A. Alalade and A.T. Adesokan
  The in vitro gas production and the proximate composition of field grown Panicum maximum cv T 58 (Guinea grass) harvested from poultry manured soil and harvested after 6 weeks of regrowth was determined. The experiment was a split plot design with three replicates. Poultry droppings increased the volume of the gas produced in both stem and leaf of P. maximum cv T 58. The result reveals that stems produce higher methane gas than the leaf. This indicates that the stem lost high energy compared to the leaves when fed to the ruminants. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in metabolizable energy (ME), organic matter digestibility (OMD) and short chain fatty acids (SFA) measured. Panicum maximum from fertilized poultry dropping recorded higher crude protein 8.40% content in the leaf compared with the stem of 5.08 %. Despite these variations, the forage generally contained adequate amounts of the minerals to meet livestock requirements. In production systems, the quality of Panicum maximum a major feed of grazing animals in south Western Nigeria could be enhanced by application of the poultry dropping to the soil.
  A.A. Busari , J.O. Oyewale , J.A. Akinlade , M.K. Adewumi , S.O. Okunola and J.A. Alalade
  Inadequate nutrition remains a major constraint to improved cattle production in the traditional agropastoral system of derived savanna in Nigeria. Consequently, a trial to study effect of supplementary feeding of dried brewers spent grain to grazing cattle in the dry season was carried out in four selected Fulani herds located in the four axis of the derived savanna zone. In the trial, studies were carried out on eight N’dama and eight Bunaji bull calves in a 2×2 factorial arrangement of complete randomized block design. The supplement DBSG (24% CP) was fed at the rate of 1 kg/calf /day for the period of 3 months. The calves on supplementation consumed an average of 0.80 kg day–1 of the supplement. The average daily weight gains were higher for bull-calves on supplementary feeding (85/day for N’dama versus 56 g day–1 for Bunaji) than those without the supplement (17 g day–1 for N’dama versus 11 g day–1 for Bunaji). Ndama cattle gained more weight than Bunaji. Financial analysis showed that the net benefit for the two breeds fed with or without supplementation was higher for N’dama than for Bunaji. Supplementation had a significant (p<0.05) effect on animal PCV, RBC and Hb values. There were significant interaction between hematological parameters and protein intake except for leukocyte count. The study showed that dietary protein supplementation had asignificant influence on haemotogical parameters; body weight gains and the net economic returns. Thus, dry season feed supplementation with dried brewers spent grain had a positive effect on Bunaji and N’dama bull calves being raised in a traditional Fulani herd and could be encouraged as a strategy to boost cattle productivity during the critical dry season.
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