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Articles by J McKenzie
Total Records ( 2 ) for J McKenzie
  J. B Tiger , J McKenzie , D. T Tran , J. E Olerud and E. George

Background  There is scant literature that documents pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE)–like histologic changes in the setting of inflammatory skin diseases. This article documents granulomatous dermatitis with PXE-like changes in a patient with cystic fibrosis. This is the first report of its kind, to our knowledge.

Observations  A 33-year-old woman with cystic fibrosis developed a papular eruption on the flexural surfaces of the upper and lower extremities, which was initially treated with prednisone. A punch biopsy showed granulomatous inflammation and associated PXE-like changes. The combined histologic and clinical findings were most consistent with granuloma annulare. There was no family history of PXE or clinical manifestations of PXE. The rash gradually resolved itself over the next several months.

Conclusions  There are few publications that document PXE-like changes in association with various inflammatory skin conditions. Thus, the clinical significance of this finding remains uncertain. This case and previous reports are discussed in the context of current molecular and genetic knowledge. It is hoped that greater awareness of this phenomenon will promote further investigation and elucidation of the clinical and biologic significance of PXE-like changes observed in biopsies of inflammatory skin disorders.

  R Nandhagopal , L Kuramoto , M Schulzer , E Mak , J Cragg , C. S Lee , J McKenzie , S McCormick , A Samii , A Troiano , T. J Ruth , V Sossi , R de la Fuente Fernandez , D. B Calne and A. J. Stoessl

Parkinson's disease is a heterogeneous disorder with multiple factors contributing to disease initiation and progression. Using serial, multi-tracer positron emission tomography imaging, we studied a cohort of 78 subjects with sporadic Parkinson's disease to understand the disease course better. Subjects were scanned with radiotracers of presynaptic dopaminergic integrity at baseline and again after 4 and 8 years of follow-up. Non-linear multivariate regression analyses, using random effects, of the form BPND(t) or Kocc(t) = a*e(–bt–dA) + c, where BPND = tracer binding potential (nondispaceable), KOCC = tracer uptake constant a, b, c and d are regression parameters, t is the symptom duration and A is the age at onset, were utilized to model the longitudinal progression of radiotracer binding/uptake. We found that the initial tracer binding/uptake was significantly different in anterior versus posterior striatal subregions, indicating that the degree of denervation at disease onset was different between regions. However, the relative rate of decline in tracer binding/uptake was similar between the striatal subregions. While an antero-posterior gradient of severity was maintained for dopamine synthesis, storage and reuptake, the asymmetry between the more and less affected striatum became less prominent over the disease course. Our study suggests that the mechanisms underlying Parkinson's disease initiation and progression are probably different. Whereas factors responsible for disease initiation affect striatal subregions differently, those factors contributing to disease progression affect all striatal subregions to a similar degree and may therefore reflect non-specific mechanisms such as oxidative stress, inflammation or excitotoxicity.

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