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Articles by Ibrahim A. Alhidary
Total Records ( 3 ) for Ibrahim A. Alhidary
  Alaeldein M. Abudabos , Mutassim M. Abdelrahman , Hany M. Yehia , Muath Q. Al-Ghadi and Ibrahim A. Alhidary
  This study was executed to assess the effect of stocking density on carcass processing yield, small intestine morphometric measurements and ileal bacterial count in female Ross 308 from 0-30 day of age. A total of 96 female Ross chicks were randomly distributed in a randomized complete block design among 12 cages with three dietary stocking densities based on final body weight: low (28.0 kg m-2), medium (37.0 kg m-2) and high (40.0 kg m-2) which was equivalent to 0.050, 0.037 and 0.030 m2/bird, respectively. Results revealed that heavier breasts were obtained from birds which had subjected to the low stocking density (p<0.001). Total small intestine lengths and weights from birds which were subjected to the low density were the longest and the heaviest as compared to the other two groups. Birds in the low and high densities had longer villi in the duodenum and jejunum than did the group in the medium density. Ileal Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) and gram negative Bacilli counts in the low density birds tended to be the lowest among all groups (p<0.05). Based on presented evidences it can be concluded that increasing the stocking density of chicks from 28 to 40 kg of BW m-2 resulted in poor performance and could jeopardize their welfare.
  Rifat Ullah Khan , Shabana Naz , Kuldeep Dhama , K. Karthik , Ruchi Tiwari , Mutassim M. Abdelrahman , Ibrahim A. Alhidary and Arshad Zahoor
  Recently, animal food industry has shown an increasing interest in Direct-Fed Microbials (DFM) to keep the concept of safe food supply at the consumer level. In the absence of suitable growth stimulant after banning the use of antibiotics in animal feed, a positive manipulation of rumen microbes has become the field research for entrepreneurs and research scientists. Direct-fed microbials is a term reserved for naturally occurring live microbes that can be supplemented orally to produce a beneficial health response in the host animal. A number of genera of live microorganisms including; bacteria, yeast and fungi are frequently used in different combination feed as DFM for domestic ruminants. It has been documented that these live culture of microbes improve ruminant productivity, milk production, immunity, digestibility of feed, counter infectious pathogens and protect health. Possible attempts have also been undertaken to justify the mechanism of these microbes. This review tries to summarize the effect of supplementation of DFM on the production, immune response, fermentation pattern and safeguarding health. The discussed concepts and advances concerning to DFM implementation will be useful not only for the researchers, animal owners, feed manufacturers, pharmacists, pharmaceutical companies, stake holders but will also boost the economic gains and profits by promoting the ruminant health and production through feed modification.
  Ibrahim A. Alhidary and Mutassim M. Abdelrahman
  Eighteen Awassi lambs (4 month old; mean BW 23.8±1.3 kg) were used in a 60 days trial to investigate the effects of naringin supplementation on performance and physiological responses of heat stressed lambs. The experiment was undertaken during the period of summer months of Saudi Arabia. The lambs were individually housed in a shaded pen and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: 0 (control), 1 and 2 g of naringin which was weekly administered as an oral dose of naringin (Naringin 98%; Blackburn Distribution, UK). Feed intake was measured weekly and lambs were weighed on days 1, 15, 30, 45 and 60. Blood were collected on days 1, 30 and 60 for measurement of concentrations of metabolic profile. Oral administration with 1 g naringin resulted an increase in ADG (5.2%; p<0.02), a greater gain to feed ratio (17.1%; p<0.05) compared with those in other groups. Lambs receiving orally administered 1 g naringin had a greater (p<0.03) serum concentration of albumin and less (p<0.01) creatinine concentration than non-treated lambs. These results indicate that naringin supplementation has reduces the adverse effects of heat stress and important implications for the sheep industry.
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