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Articles by Fakoorziba
Total Records ( 2 ) for Fakoorziba
  Fakoorziba , Mohammad Reza and Vijayan V. Achuthan
  Seasonal abundance of larval stage of Culex species including Culex vishnui subgroup, the major vectors of JE virus, was studied in Mysore and Mandya, Karnataka state, India during 2002-2004. The larvae of Culex sp. have been collected from temporary and semi permanent ground water pools. Simultaneously they have also been collected from plain rice field area from Mandya district an endemic area of Japanese encephalitis. Culex species including Culex bitaeniorhynchus, Cx. nigropunctatus, Cx. barraudi and Cx. hutchinsoni were seen only in paddy field habitat, whereas Cx. quinquefasciatus and Cx. gelidus were found only in ground pool habitats. Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Cx. vishnui, Cx. pseudovishnui, Cx. fuscocephala, Cx. murreli and Cx. fuscanus were recorded from both the breeding places. Cx. tritaeniorhynchus from Mysore city in ground pools breeds throughout the year except February and April, with a maximum density of 50.00 larvae per dip in May and the lowest being 0.25 larva per dip in September (2002-04). However Culex tritaeniorhynchus from Mandya district in paddy field was found to breed throughout the year, with the maximum density of 11.50 larvae per dip in March and the minimum being 0.06 per dip in October (2002-04). Two peaks of larval density of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was observed in October and May in Mysore city during 2002-04 which coincides with the JE transmission season in Karnataka state. The seasonal abundance of Culex sp. from two habitats especially vectors of Japanese encephalitis are discussed.
  Fakoorziba , M.R. , M. Neghab , H. Alipour and M.D.Moemenbellah-Fard
  Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is an acute fatal viral infection caused by a virus from Bunyaviridae family, genus Nairovirus. The virus has been isolated from at least 31 species of ticks: among them Hyalomma species are the most important vectors. Geographically, CCHF is a widespread viral infection. Its mortality rate in Iran has been estimated to be 29.6 and 11.9% in 1999 and 2000, respectively. The majority of CCHF cases could be prevented. However, in order to identify and prioritize areas for prevention, to the best of authors` knowledge to date, no systematic study has been carried out in Fars province, Iran, to assess the extent, frequency and major outcomes of this fatal infection. The current descriptive retrospective case series study was, therefore, undertaken to address some of these issues. Data on CCHF cases for a period of four years (2001-4) were collected from different official sources in Iran. Data were categorized and analyzed by SPSS software, version 13/5. Gender, age, occupation, seasonal distribution and outcome of the disease were considered in data analysis. A total of 45 cases had been registered during the study period of which 29 were suspected and 16 were confirmed cases. CCHF was more common in men (85.5%) than in women (14.5%). Similarly, the disease was more prevalent in the 20-29 years old age group (37.5%). Nineteen cases (42%) resulted in death. Seasonal distribution of the infection revealed that it was more common in spring (37.5%). Additionally, 38% of the CCHF cases occurred among butchers, slaughterhouse workers, farmers and shepherds. The case fatality rates for the suspected and confirmed cases were 55.1 and 18.75%, respectively. Data gathered from different areas of Fars province showed that out of the 18 species identified to be the potential vectors of CCHF, 13 exist in this geographical area. In conclusion, the observation that butchers, slaughterhouse workers, farmers and shepherds form the most commonly affected occupations, indicate areas where preventive interventions, in particular health education efforts, might be usefully targeted.
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