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Articles by F.R. Durrani
Total Records ( 3 ) for F.R. Durrani
  1Tahir B. , F.R. Durrani , M. Farooq , Z. Durrani , Sar Zamin , M.A. Khan and Riaz. A.
  Morbid materials from 25 commercial broiler breeder farms located in Abbottabad and Mansehra districts were collected over one year period to investigate prevalence of Fowl cholera and study efficiency of various organs to be used as diagnostic tools for fowl cholera. Overall incidence of Fowl cholera was (0.80?0.26%) with a coefficient of variation of 231.45%, indicating significantly higher incidence (1.07?0.62%) in Mansehra than in Abbottabad (0.53?0.34%). Significantly (p<0.05) lower incidence of Fowl cholera was found in vaccinated (0.15?0.26%) than in non-vaccinated flocks (1.45?0.63%). Higher incidence (1.35?0.38%) of Fowl cholera was found in farms previously exposed to Fowl cholera disease as compared to those in which there was no previous incidence (0.25?0.29%). Fowl cholera was found positively (p<0.01) and significantly associated with flock age (b=0.074661?0.03389) but negatively associated with egg production (b=-16.24429?0.928103). Liver was found to be the best organ for diagnosis of Fowl cholera in broiler breeder flocks.
  Asad Sultan , F.R. Durrani , S.M. Suhail , M. Ismail , Z. Durrani and Naila Chand
  This study was conducted to investigate the comparative effect of yogurt as probiotic with the commercially available probiotic protexin on the overall performance of broiler chicks, measured in terms of gain in body weight, feed intake, feed efficiency and economics. One hundred and twenty day old broiler chicks were randomly distributed into 3 main groups A, B and C, that were further divided into 4 sub groups comprising of 10 birds each. Commercial ration was fed ad libitum to all the three groups. The probiotics, yogurt and protexin were given at the rate of 5 mL-1 of water and 1 g L-1 of water to group B and A, respectively while group C was kept as control. The data were statistically analyzed, using Completely Randomized Design. The yogurt resulted in significantly (p<0.05) higher weight gain, feed efficiency, dressing percentage and gross return both in starter as well as finisher phases and Protexin did not affect (p>0.05). Mean FCR value in starter phase was 1.86, 1.69 and 1.84 for groups A, B and C, respectively. Group B showed significantly (p<0.05) improved feed efficiency than other two groups. Mean weight gain in starter phase for group A, B and C was 592.5, 633.8 and 610.0 g, respectively. Group B had significantly higher body weight gain (p<0.05). Feed intake in starter phase was 1104.5, 1076.2 and 1115.7 grams for group A, B and C, respectively, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in all the three groups. Mean FCR in finisher phase were 2.55, 1.98 and 2.51 for group A, B and C, respectively. Group B showed significantly improved feed efficiency (p<0.05) as compared to other groups. No significant (p>0.05) difference was found in feed intake in finisher phase for groups A, B and C. Feed intake was 3281.075, 3136.37 and 3227.25 g, respectively. Mean weight gain in finisher phase for group A, B and C was 1282.3, 1579.5 and 1280.6 g, respectively. Group B had significantly (p<0.05) higher weight gain than group A and C. The dressing percentage of group B was found highly significant (p<0.05), that was 62.95, 67.82 and 62.89% for group A, B and C, respectively. Mortality was recorded during experimental period. Percent Mortality was 5, 0 and 5% for group A, B and C, respectively. Economics was calculated for feed cost and gross return. Mean feed cost per bird was 70.08, 55.76 and 56.45 rupees for group A, B and C, respectively. Group A, showed significantly higher (p<0.05) feed cost as compared with other groups. Gross return calculated were 93.74, 110.7 and 94.53 rupees for group A, B and C, respectively. Group B had significantly higher gross return (p<0.05) as compared with other groups A and C. It was found that yogurt successfully improved the over all performance and gross return of the experimental birds. Further research is needed to investigate the effect of different levels of yogurt in broilers, layers and breeders.
  F.R. Durrani , A. Sultan , Sajjad Ahmed , N. Chand , F.M. Khattak and Z. Durrani
  Present research was undertaken to investigate the effect of different level of 6% concentrated (w/v) aniseed extract in broiler chicks at NWFP Agricultural University Peshawar Pakistan. One hundred and sixty, day old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to four treatments, as A, B, C, receiving 20, 30 and 40 mL of 6% (w/v) concentrated aniseed infusion and D was kept as control group. Each treatment was replicated four times with ten chicks per replicate. Chicks were reared in cages in an open sided house. Vaccination was done against ND and IBD. Data were recorded for growth performance, immunity and economics. The data were subjected to statistical analysis, using Completely Randomized Design and MSTATC programme. Mean feed and water intake was nonsignificant (p>0.05). Mean weight gain, FCR and dressing percentage was found better (p<0.05) in group C. Mean weight of giblet, intestine, breast, fat and thigh was not altered (p>0.05) in all groups. Mean antibody titer against IBD was higher (p<0.05) in group C and antibody titer against ND and IB was not altered. Mean percent mortality was found higher (p<0.05) in group D. Mean feed cost including the cost of aniseed infusion was not influenced (p>0.05), while the gross return was found better (p<0.05) in group B and C than other groups. Findings of the research study indicated that group C, receiving aniseed infusion at the rate of 40 ml L-1 of water shown better growth performance, immunity and gross return. Detail research work is needed to examine the effect of aniseed in ration and its different form of extracts on poultry production under different environmental conditions.
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