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Articles by F.M. Khattak
Total Records ( 3 ) for F.M. Khattak
  F.R. Durrani , A. Sultan , Sajjad Ahmed , N. Chand , F.M. Khattak and Z. Durrani
  Present research was undertaken to investigate the effect of different level of 6% concentrated (w/v) aniseed extract in broiler chicks at NWFP Agricultural University Peshawar Pakistan. One hundred and sixty, day old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to four treatments, as A, B, C, receiving 20, 30 and 40 mL of 6% (w/v) concentrated aniseed infusion and D was kept as control group. Each treatment was replicated four times with ten chicks per replicate. Chicks were reared in cages in an open sided house. Vaccination was done against ND and IBD. Data were recorded for growth performance, immunity and economics. The data were subjected to statistical analysis, using Completely Randomized Design and MSTATC programme. Mean feed and water intake was nonsignificant (p>0.05). Mean weight gain, FCR and dressing percentage was found better (p<0.05) in group C. Mean weight of giblet, intestine, breast, fat and thigh was not altered (p>0.05) in all groups. Mean antibody titer against IBD was higher (p<0.05) in group C and antibody titer against ND and IB was not altered. Mean percent mortality was found higher (p<0.05) in group D. Mean feed cost including the cost of aniseed infusion was not influenced (p>0.05), while the gross return was found better (p<0.05) in group B and C than other groups. Findings of the research study indicated that group C, receiving aniseed infusion at the rate of 40 ml L-1 of water shown better growth performance, immunity and gross return. Detail research work is needed to examine the effect of aniseed in ration and its different form of extracts on poultry production under different environmental conditions.
  F.R. Durrani , N. Chand , K. Zaka , A. Sultan , F.M. Khattak and Z. Durrani
  The study was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of feed added black seed (Nigella sativa L.) on the overall performance and immunity of broiler chicks at NWFP Agricultural University, Peshawar in May 2005. Four experimental rations designated as A, B, C and D having black seed at the rate of 0, 20, 30 and 40 g kg‾1 feed were fed to 160 broiler chicks, randomly distributed into 16 replicates, so as to have 4 replicates per group and 10 chicks per replicate. The experiment was lasted for 35 days. Average weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, dressing percentage, weight of different body organs (breast, thigh, intestine), giblets (liver, gizzard), abdominal fat weight, antibody titer against ND, IB and IBD were used as criteria of response. Economics for each group was calculated at the end of experimental period. It was found that group D receiving 40 g kg‾1 of black seed in the feed had a significant (p<0.05) effect on mean body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, dressing percentage and weight of different body organs (breast and thigh). Non significant (p>0.05) effect was observed in gizzard, intestine, weight of abdominal fat and feed cost. Antibody titer against ND and IBD were higher in group D, however high antibody titer against IB was recorded in group C. Return per unit of feed cost and gross return were significantly (p<0.05) effected by group D.
  A. Mahmud , F.M. Khattak , Z. Ali , T.N. Pasha and U. Farooq
  A restricted feeding trial involving broiler chicks was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of feed restriction. An experiment was carried out with straight run broiler chicks (Hubbard) in which commercial feed from 11 to 18 days of age was restricted to 100, 90, 80 and 70% in groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. Each treatment had 3 replicates, having 30 chicks each. The results indicated that feed restricted with 70 and 80% resulted in a significant (p<0.05) reduction in body weight at the age of 18 days. After return to adlib feeding the birds were fully recovered from their body weight depression. Comparable increase in all growth parameters (body weight, feed intake and FCR) were observed in birds fed on restricted diets in week 2 and 3. However in last week, the significant improvement (p<0.05) in weight gain was noted in group B (90% restriction ) but FCR was significantly improved in group D (50% restriction) when compared with control.
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