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Articles by F. Arlina
Total Records ( 2 ) for F. Arlina
  Rusfidra , Y.Y. Tumatra , M.H. Abbas , Y. Heryandi and F. Arlina
  Kokok Balenggek chicken is a poultry genetic resource from West Sumatera Province, Indonesia, well-known as song fowl for Minang Kabau tribes. This study was conducted in “Agutalok” Captive Breeding Farm in Solok Regency, West Sumatera Indonesia to characterize local chickens based on qualitative traits. This research was aimed to collect basic data of qualitative marker on Kokok Balenggek song fowl. Twenty one adult male of Kokok Balenggek chickens were sampled for this study. Traits studied were number of crow, feather morphology, plumage colour, skin colour, shank colour, comb type, comb colour, earlobes and wattles. The results showed that the number of crows was ranging 5-11 crows. The qualitative traits on Kokok Balenggek chicken were Taduang (4.76%), Jalak (9.52%), Kinantan (9.52%), Kinangkeh (9.52%), Sipatuang rimbo (4.76%), Kuriak padi masak (4.76%), Biriang kalek (23.81 %), Biriang pucek (14.29%), Biriang kuniang (19.05%). Overall, normal feather cover was the main plumage characteristics of Kokok Balenggek chicken populations in the study area. Yellow shanks were dominantly most frequent, followed by black shanks. All chickens studied had earlobes and had wattles. Further studies involving morphometric, production and molecular analyses are important for exhaustive characterization.
  Husmaini , Sabrina , F. Arlina , E. Purwati , S.N. Aritonang and H. Abbas
  Objective: A trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of age at administration of Lactococcus plantarum isolates from virgin coconut oil processing waste on the number of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) in the intestine and the growth performance of broilers. Methodology: The research used 160 day old cobb broilers divided into 4 treatment groups: T0 (without LP), T1 (Lactococcus plantarum administered at 1 week of age), T2 (2 weeks of age) and T3 (3 weeks of age). The basal diet consisted of corn, rice brain, fish meal, soy bean meal, bone meal, vegetable fat and premix (21.1% crude protein and 3038 kcal kg–1 energy metabolism). Chickens were given Lactococcus plantarum only one time and were slaughtered every week until 5 weeks old. Variables included the number of LAB, E. coli and Salmonella in the intestine, thickness and length of the intestine, carcass weight, fat and cholesterol content of carcass, body weight, feed intake and feed efficiency. The data were evaluated using a one-way ANOVA. Results: The results showed that Lactococcus plantarum administration affected the balance of microflora in the gut and the length of the intestine. Lactococcus plantarum treatment significantly increased the number of LAB in the intestine (p<0.01) up to 2 weeks after administration, conversely, the number of E. coli and Salmonella decreased. When given at 2 and 3 weeks, the effect of Lactococcus plantarum increased intestinal length and broiler growth performance was highly significant (p<0.01). Probiotic treatment did not affect carcass percentage but affected both the abdominal fat and cholesterol of broiler meat. Conclusion: Optimal body weight, feed conversion ratio (1.78) and cholesterol content were observed when Lactococcus plantarum was given at 2 weeks of age.
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