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Articles by Endang Baliarti
Total Records ( 4 ) for Endang Baliarti
  Paulus Klau Tahuk , Subur Priyono Sasmito Budhi , Panjono , Nono Ngadiyono , Ristianto Utomo , Cuk Tri Noviandi and Endang Baliarti
  Objective: The study was aimed to determine the effect of different protein level toward the growth performance of male Bali cattle fattened in smallholder farms. Materials and Methods: The male Bali cattle used were 18 heads aged 2-2.5 years with initial body weight of 229.86±12.46 kg. The cattle were randomly divided into three treatment groups. The group of T0 given feed in accordance traditional practices of fattening cattle by farmers, T1 group given ration of 12% Crude Protein (CP) and 72% Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) and T2 group given ration of 15% CP and 72% TDN. The cattle were fed individually for 90 days and drinking. The data collected were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Results: The results showed that the intake of Dry Matter (DM), CP, Crude Fiber (CF) and TDN of T1 was higher (p<0.05) from T2 and T0. Similarly, T2 group was higher than T0. The digestibilities DM and CF of group T1 and T2 did not significant but were higher (p<0.05) than T0, while the digestibility of CP of T0, T1 and T2 were not significant. The daily body weight gain of T0 and T2 were not significant but lower (p<0.05) than T1, while the Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) were not significantly different among the group cattle. Conclusion: The traditional practices of male Bali cattle fattened on smallholder farms did not have a positive impact on improving the performance of the cattle. Male Bali cattle fattening fed ration with composition of 12% CP and 72% TDN showed intake, nutrient digestibility and growth performance that was higher compared to the other treatments. The use of ration with 15% CP and 72% TDN had no positive effect on the cattle performance. Paying attention to balancing and adequacy of protein and energy of feed was an important factor, because it proved can be improving performance of the male Bali cattle fattened in smallholder farms.
  Ida Ketut Mudhita , Nafiatul Umami , Subur Priyono Sasmito Budhi , Endang Baliarti , Cuk Tri Noviandi , Kustono , I. Gede Suparta Budisatria and Jeffrie Wattimena
  This study examined the productivity of the legume cover crop puero (Pueraria javanica) used as Bali cattle feed on oil palm plantations in the East Kutai Regency in East Kalimantan Indonesia during November 2014-March 2015. Puero plants were grown in a 30 x 30 cm area in 24 plots with 45 plants per plot. Palm oil mill waste and Bali cattle feces were used as organic fertilizer. The plants were either left untreated (U-) or treated with Bali cattle urine (U+). Changes following urine treatment were measured as germination percentage, dry weight yields, leaves and stem weight, leaves and stem ratio, number and weight of root nodules, nutrient content (e.g., organic matter, crude protein, ash, crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF)), tannin and phenol, in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD). Statistical analysis of comparisons between the two groups were performed using a t-test. The results showed that the germination percentage was under 50% and did not differ significantly between U- and U+. In contrast, treatment of puero plants with urine significantly (p<0.05) affected dry weight production, yield per hectare, nitrogen content and stem production. These results indicate that the addition of urine to fertilizer produced higher (11.8%) puero yields and increased nitrogen content (24.6%). The TDN and digestibility (dry matter and organic matter) of puero would be sufficient for use of this plant in cattle feed.
  Paulus Klau Tahuk , Subur Priyono Sasmito Budhi , Panjono and Endang Baliarti
  Objective: This study investigated in vitro characteristics of fermentation of fattening rations with different protein-energy levels fed to male Bali cattle. Methodology: Rations were composed of grass, Gliricidia sepium, corn meal and rice bran with different proportions of protein and energy. Ration T1 was standard protein-standard energy/SS [(12.06% Crude Protein (CP) and 62.66% Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN)], T2 was standard protein-high energy/SH (10.14% CP and 65. 66% TDN), T3 was high protein-standard energy/HS (14.79% CP and 63.66% TDN) and T4 was high protein-high energy/HH (13% CP and 67.48% TDN). Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Results: Although, pH level of rumen fluid was similar for all treatments (p>0.05), digestibility of dry matter and organic matter in rations T4 and T3 was higher (p<0.01) than that for T1 and T2. For N-NH3 (mg/100 mL), the yield of T4 and T3 was higher (p<0.01) than that for T1 and T2. Meanwhile, total VFA, acetic and propionic acids in T2, T3 and T4 were higher (p<0.01) than for T1 but butyric acid levels for T4 were higher (p<0.01) than that for T1, T2 and T3 and the acetic: propionic acid ratio of T4 was lower (p<0.01) than that for T1, T2 and T3. Microbial protein synthesis (mg mL–1) for the T1 ration was higher (p<0.01) than that of T2, T3 and T4. Conclusion: Varying the protein and energy levels of rations fed to male Bali cattle did not affect rumen pH but the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter was unclear. Moreover, N-NH3 utilization and VFA yield were not optimal for protein biosynthesis by microbes.
  Eny Endrawati , Panjono , Bambang Suhartanto and Endang Baliarti
  Background and Objective: An integrated system of cattle with oil palm plantations in Indonesia has the potential to increase the cattle population in a sustainable manner. This study aimed to assess the adequacy of Bali cow nutrient consumption and body weight of cows fed only with forage from oil palm plantations under Indonesian tropical environmental conditions. Materials and Methods: Twelve Bali cows were divided into two physiological groups, i.e., five pregnant cows and seven nonpregnant cows were observed to determine their feed consumption. Cows were given only forage from oil palm plantations in Riau Province, Indonesia that contained 22.24% dry matter (DM), 10.67% crude protein (CP),36.85% crude fiber (CF) and 54.37% total digestible nutrients (TDN). The observation of consumption was performed on cows in individual cages for seven consecutive days. Results: The results showed that when the cows were only fed with forage from oil palm plantations, the nutrient requirements of the cows were not met. For the pregnant cows, the DM deficiency was 2.76±0.20 kg head1 day1 (44.29±2.56 g kg1 BW0.75 day1), the CP deficiency was 176.0±35.8 g head1 day1 (2.83±0.62 g kg1 BW0.75 day1) and the TDN deficiency was 1.39±0.20 kg head1 day1 (22.30±1.58 g kg1 BW0.75 day1).For the nonpregnant cows, the DM deficiency was 2.01±0.41 kg head1 day1 (32.77±5.85 g kg1 BW0.75 day1), the CP deficiency was 81.4±40.5 g head1 day1 (1.30±0.65 g kg1 BW0.75 day1) and the TDN deficiency was 1.03±0.22 kg head1 day1 (16.80±3.16 g kg1 BW0.75 day1). After four months of observation, the average weight of the cows of each group decreased. Conclusion: From the study, it was concluded that Bali cow fed only forage from oil palm plantations did not consume enough to meet their nutrient requirements; additional nutrients are needed regardless of the pregnancy status of the cows.
 
 
 
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