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Articles by Elvia Hernawan
Total Records ( 3 ) for Elvia Hernawan
  Lovita Adriani , Nenden Indrayati , Deni Rusmana , Elvia Hernawan and Ana Rochana
  Background and Objective: Nutrition has been reported to have a huge role in maintaining the pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance. Therefore, a study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Noni Fruit Flour (NFF) on antioxidant status and hematological indices of layer quail birds. Materials and Methods: A total of 400, 4 weeks old quail birds were used in this study in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The birds were randomly assigned into four treatment groups of P0, P1, P2 and P3 with 25 birds treatment–1 replicated 5 times of 5 birds each. The birds in first group (P0) were given basal feed without noni, while as other groups were supplemented with 0.25% (P1), 0.50% (P2) and 0.75% (P3) NFF. Results: There was a non-significant (p>0.05) reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA) level of quails due to NFF supplementation. A linear reduction in blood MDA levels was observed with increase in level of NFF, with highest reduction (0.340±0.04 nmol mL–1) in group fed 0.75% NFF compared to control (0.390±0.041 nmol mL–1). A statistically non-significant increase in total number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin was found with increase in NFF level. Highest erythrocyte number (3.54±0.395×106 mm–3) and hemoglobin (11.81±4.03 g dL–1) were found in group fed 0.75% NFF. Conclusion: Addition of NFF in diet of quail birds had beneficial effect in reducing the oxidative stress and oxidative damage as reflected by reduced MDA levels and increased erythrocyte number and hemoglobin concentration.
  Elvia Hernawan , Lovita Adriani , Andi Mushawwir , Chandrawati Cahyani and Darmawan
  Background and Objective: Chitosan is a natural alkaline polysaccharide and widespread in nature. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of chitosan on blood biochemical parameters like cholesterol, malondialdehyde (MDA), creatinine and total leucocytes. Methodology: One hundred laying phase hens, aged 28 weeks were used in the study. The birds were divided into 2 treatment groups each having 3 replicates of 10 birds each. Group I served as control and was fed basal diet. In Group II, basal diet was supplemented with chitosan at 150 ppm g–1 by spraying method. Results: The results showed that the chitosan inclusion in the diet of layer pullets significantly (p<0.05) lowered the total cholesterol (36.749±0.381 mg dL–1) when compared to the control group (43.030±0.352 mg dL–1). The dietary incorporation of chitosan significantly (p<0.05) decreased blood MDA levels (1.829±0.237 nmoles mL–1) of laying hens compared to control (2.553±0.379 nmoles mL–1). The creatinine levels also decreased significantly (p<0.05) in birds fed diet supplemented with chitosan, however, there was no effect on the total leucocyte count. Conclusion: The incorporation of chitosan in the diet had positive effect in terms of reducing the blood cholesterol and malondialdehyde levels of laying hens.
  Tubagus Benito Achmad Kurnani , Lovita Adriani , Ujang Hidayat , Elvia Hernawan and Sri Bandiati
  Background and Objective: Sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) being an environmental threat and having many dietary beneficial effects, it could be used in the diet of livestock. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the objective to study the effect of dietary inclusion of Citrus sinensis waste on Padjadjaran sheep. Materials and Methods: This study used 20 Padjadjaran rams with average body weight of 30.42±4.50 kg. The rams were divided into 4 treatments of 5 animals. The sweet orange waste was used at the rate of 0% (control group-R0), 12% (R1), 17% (R2) and 22% (R3). The parameters estimated were crude protein digestibility, initial body weight, final body weight, body weight increase and crude protein of feed. Results: The results indicated that the dietary inclusion of sweet orange waste had no significant (p>0.05) effect on the crude protein digestibility of rams when compared with the control group. However, the highest crude protein digestibility (55.26±13.27%) was observed in the group wherein diet of rams was supplemented with 12% sweet orange waste (R2), followed by (53.40±9.04%) the control group. Further, there was no significant (p>0.05) effect on the body weight of rams fed various levels of sweet orange waste when compared with the control group. Highest body weight (0.63±0.94) was found in the control group, followed by (0.59±0.67) R3 group (fed 22% sweet orange waste in the diet). Conclusion: The inclusion of sweet orange waste up to 22% in the diet had no negative effect in terms of crude protein digestibility and body weight increase of Padjadjaran rams.
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