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Articles by Elham Mobasheri
Total Records ( 2 ) for Elham Mobasheri
  Elham Mobasheri and Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
  This study was performed to assess the role of pre-pregnancy BMI on gestational weight gain and birth weight. A prospective study was conducted in 315 pregnant women with the mean age of 26.6±5.6 years who attended to two urban and rural health care centers in Gorgan, North of Iran. Patients with gestational diabete and pre-eclampsia were excluded. Data on pregnancy weight gain, height, age, smoking, parity, birth weight and mother's educational status were obtained by a trained health worker and some questionnaires. Then women were divided to four subgroups based on pre-pregnancy BMI as underweight, normal, overweight and obese. Participants were also divided to three subgroups on the basis of their educational status. Gestational weight gain was studied in each of these groups and compared in regard to pre-pregnancy BMI and educational status of the women. Weight gain below the lower cut-off of IOM was 47.7, 47 and 20.3% in underweight, normal and overweight groups, respectively. Normal weight gain according to IOM was 40.9, 34.7, 52.5 and 33.3% in underweight, normal, overweight and obese groups, respectively. Mean birth weight was significantly higher in women with normal pre-pregnancy BMI and the prevalence of LBW was much more in women with low pre-pregnancy BMI (p = 0.002). Also, highly educated women (>12 years of schooling) gained more weight during pregnancy significantly. This study showed a considerable proportion of women with underweight and normal weight in study area have lower gestational weight gain that recommended by IOM, which can be a cause for LBW neonates.
  Mohammad Jafar Golalipour , Arezo Mirfazeli and Elham Mobasheri
  Congenital malformations are emerged as a common cause of fetal death and one of the most important causes of prenatal mortality and morbidity. This study was done to determine the incidence and pattern of congenital malformations in a referral hospital in Gorgan, North of Iran. This cross-sectional study was done on 6204 live birth in Dezyani hospital in Gorgan, North of Iran during a 12-month period from January 1st to December 31st of 2007. Gender, type of congenital malformations according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and maternal ethnicity were recorded. Data for each newborn was filled in a questionnaire. Data analyzed by using SPSS software version 16 and χ2 test. The overall incidence of congenital malformations among newborns was 17.7 per 1000 live births. The incidence of congenital malformations was 22.4 per 1000 in males (RR = 1.68 CI95%: 1.14-2.48) and 13.06 per 1000 in females. Anomalies of the central nervous system had the highest incidence (7.3 per 1000) followed by congenital heart defects (5.2 per 1000) and musculoskeletal system (3.7 per 1000) births. According to ethnicity the incidence rate of congenital malformations was 16.5, 17.2 and 20 per 1000 live births in native Fars, Turkman (RR = 1.04 CI95%: 0.65-1.67) and Sistani (RR = 1.2 CI95%: 0.78-1.85) groups, respectively. This study showed that the incidence rate of congenital malformations is increased from 10.1-17.7 per 1000 live birth in Northern Iran during an 8 years period.
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