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Articles by E. Talaki
Total Records ( 2 ) for E. Talaki
  A.E. Soara , E. Talaki , G-K. Dayo and K. Tona

Objective: The present study aimed at carrying out the morpho-biometric characterization of indigenous guinea fowl populations. Materials and Methods: Data collection was conducted between March and July 2018 in two agroecological zones in northern Togo. The study was carried out on 738 adult guinea fowl. Each animal was described by direct observation. Body weight and measurements were recorded. Results: The results revealed twelve colours of the plumage with a dominance of Bonaparte (39.0%) and Pearl grey (27.1%) colours and a rarity of Cinnamon pied (0.7%), Isabelle (0.3%) and Coral blue (0.1%) colours. The plumage was mostly smooth (90.5%). The eyes were mostly brown (57.0%) but Albino guinea fowl predominantly had white colour (85.2%) for the eye. Regardless of the phenotype, the helmet was curved (73.2%) and mumps white-bluish colour (85.5%). In Atakora, the beak was brown (81.3%), the wattles were red-white (49.8%), the shanks were black-red (32.6%) and the toes were red (47.6% ) while in the Dry Savannah the beak was red (52.9%), the wattles were red-bluish (38.4%), the shanks were black-orange (12.3%) and the toes were grey (35.2%). For the beak length, drumstick length, body length and body weight, the Dry Savannah guinea fowl showed significantly (p<0.05) higher values than those of Atakora guinea fowl. Moreover, guinea fowl with Pearl grey phenotype (1.36±0.28 kg) were heavier (p<0.05) than the other phenotypes. Conclusion: Positive relationship could not be established between phenotype and biometric characteristics in this study. Further studies are required using molecular and zootechnical information to establish relationship between different phenotypes.

  E. Talaki , K.F.X. Dzogbema , Y. Adjrah and K. Tona

Background and Objective: Appropriate poultry development strategies based on sound knowledge of family poultry practices can benefit households substantially by contributing to food security, women’s empowerment and poverty reduction in developing countries. This study was conducted to obtain information on family poultry practices in Togo. Materials and Methods: This baseline study on family poultry production was carried out in the five regions of Togo. Semi-structured questionnaires were used by trained investigators to collect data through individual interviews in 1,468 households. Results: The results showed that the majority of men in Togo (65.48%) owned poultry and that agriculture is the predominant occupational activity of most (91.35%) poultry farmers. The leading purposes for keeping poultry species were for personal food consumption and income (39.37%). Birds were most often (87.10%) purchased to form the initial poultry flock. Body size was reported by 21.67% of respondents as the trait that most influenced the choice of purchase, followed by a combination of body size and plumage (23.16%). The poultry owned were mainly chickens (n = 50±7), followed by pigeons (n = 31±7) and Guinea fowl (n = 23±5). Cereals were the major feed constituents, particularly maize (95.09%), followed by millet (43.71%), leftovers (35.32%) and sorghum (34.49%). The main sources of water supply for poultry maintenance were wells (36.07%) and boreholes (32.97%). Disease (66.16%), theft (20.17%) and predation (11.54%) were the leading causes of poultry loss. The most common of these diseases were Newcastle disease, coccidiosis, smallpox, bronchitis, salmonellosis, vitamin deficiency and intestinal worms. Approximately 33.15% of respondents reported having provided veterinary care, whereas herbal treatments were used by 46.62% of respondents to prevent or treat diseases in poultry flocks. More than half (55.24%) of the respondents had access to extension services support and 81.38% reported being satisfied with the support provided. Conclusion: Poultry diseases, lack of information and training on management practices are the important constraints in the current status of family poultry production in Togo. The findings obtained from this study are important in determining the resources needed to improve family poultry farming in Togo.

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