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Articles by Dadang Sukandar
Total Records ( 6 ) for Dadang Sukandar
  Rian Diana , Ali Khomsan , Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi
  This study aimed to determine whether the household vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake at household level improve with a home gardening utilization and nutritional extension program. Quasi experimental nonequivalent groups design. The study was conducted in Sukajadi village as a control group and Sukajaya village as the intervention group, Tamansari Subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia with demographic characteristics of rural areas on December 2011-June 2013. Mothers toddlers in control group 31 mothers and intervention group 30 mothers. Vegetable consumption and dietary intake of vitamin A was measured by food recall method 2×24 h. Nutrition knowledge of the intervention group was increased 12.3 point after the nutrition extension were given (p<0.001). Vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake in both groups was still below the WHO recommendation. The increased of vegetable consumption in control and intervention group was 12.5 and 18 g/cap/day, respectively. The increased of vitamin A intake in control and intervention group was 18.1 and 4 RE, respectively. Although the consumption of vegetable and intake of vitamin A slightly increased compared to baseline data, however the difference was not significant. There was a positive impact of nutritional extension program on nutrition knowledge, but the home gardening utilization and nutritional extension program not significantly improved vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake at household level in Tamansari Subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia.
  Ali Khomsan , Merita , Faisal Anwar , Dadang Sukandar , Hadi Riyadi , Tin Herawati , Anna Fatchiya , Mira Dewi , Siti Madanijah and Hidayat Syarief
  The success of an Integrated Service Post (Posyandu) program can be seen by its service quality. However, there are not many studies that analyze the impacts of nutritional education on the service quality of posyandus and the sustainability of the nutritional education program at posyandus. Thus, the objectives of this study were to analyze the posyandu cadre’s perception and to see the impact of nutritional education on the service quality at the posyandus. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental one. It was conducted from January 2012 to September 2013. Four villages in Bogor, West Java were selected as the research locations. The subjects were the posyandu cadres and the toddlers’ mothers in the posyandus. The results showed that counseling and supplemental feeding needed to be improved at the posyandus. The nutritional education had a significant effect to the service quality of the posyandus (p<0.05). After the follow-up, there was a decline in the satisfaction level of the toddlers’ mothers but that was still better than at the baseline. This means that, the nutritional education and provision of the facilities are sustainable and able to improve the service quality of the posyandus when continuously given by the cadres.

  Norhasanah , Hadi Riyadi and Dadang Sukandar
  The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the nutritional status of the elderly in state nursing home and Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). This study used a cross-sectional method in which the number of respondents were 35 elderly people in the state nursing home and 25 elderly people in the NGO. Pearson correlation test results showed an association between emotional support, self-esteem support, appetite, carbohydrate adequacy and health status on nutritional status of the elderly. Results of regression with forward method showed that the dominant variable affecting the nutritional status, the type of institution, emotional support, appetite and carbohydrate adequacy. Appetite was the most influential factor on the nutritional status. The allocation of the government budget for NGO also need to be considered, not just focused on the state nursing home. For state nursing home and NGO should further strengthen and improve the programs that already exist relating to the improvement of the nutritional status of the elderly, such as counseling or education to elderly about the importance of balanced nutrition and physical activity, more in-depth communication on an individual basis especially for the elderly who experience psychosocial problems such as depression or lack of life satisfaction, increase productivity activities that stimulate the elderly so that they feel more valued and more motivated in life.
  Angga Hardiansyah , Hardinsyah and Dadang Sukandar
  The objective of this study was to develop alternative indices for the assessment of nutritional quality of the diet of Indonesian children aged 4-6 years old. This study used the food consumption data of the Basic Health Research 2010. The food consumption data were collected using 24-h food recall method through a cross-sectional study. Total subject of this study after data screening was 10221 children 4-6 years. The nutritional quality (NQ) of 15 nutrients was used as a gold standard in the validity testing of the indices. The results showed that the most valid index (r = 0.6) was the index with a continue scoring system of six food groups (carbohydrate foods, vegetables, fruits, animal protein foods, plant protein foods, and milks) without considering fat, saturated fat, added sugar, and sodium intakes. The simplest and valid (r = 0.58) index was the index with a three levels discrete scoring system of the same six food groups.
  Suryana , Siti Madanijah and Dadang Sukandar
  This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and factors affecting the anemia status of children aged 12-24 months in Darul Imarah Sub-district, Aceh Besar District. Sample was selected using stratified random sampling technique with proportional allocation. The classification was based on pre-prosperous household/ prosperous I (Jeumpet village = 56 people), prosperous II (Lambheu village = 40 people) and prosperous III (Geugajah village = 45 people) which stood as each layer. Minimum sample size was 102 children aged 12-24 months. Children’s characteristics, socioeconomic status of the family, nutrition and health knowledge of the mothers, feeding practices and history of diarrhea and upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) were measured by using a structured questionnaire. Food consumption was measured through a 24 h recall method. Anthropometric nutritional status was measured by weight-for-age index (WAZ) and length-for-age (LAZ). Hb level was measured by Hemocue 201+ tool. Based on the results of the current study, the anemia prevalence among children aged 12-24 months in Darul Imarah Sub-district, Aceh Besar District was categorized as severe nutrition and public health problem (68.6%). Based on the overall results of regression analysis, the dominant variables affecting anemia status of children were Fe adequacy level (PE = 0.017; R = 0.117), energy adequacy level (PE = -0.013; R = 0.029), length of education of the father (PE = 0.126; R = 0.033), income per capita (PE = -0.657; R = 0.040) and father’s age (PE = -0.020; R = 0.022). Among these five factors, iron adequacy level contributed greatly to the occurrence of anemia in children aged 12-24 months (11.7%). It is thus concluded that high prevalence of anemia in Darul Imarah Sub-district, Aceh Besar District requires special attention from the local government to plan or make policies regarding treatment or prevention program of anemia problem in children under two years, especially in the age group of 12-24 months. There is a need to increase the knowledge and practice about the appropriate child feeding practices, especially the consumption of various plant and animal food sources, as well as iron rich foods.
  Cica Yulia , Ali Khomsan , Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi
  Background and Objective: Nutritional status could affect schoolchildren’s health and cognitive function, which may then influence their learning achievement. Overweight and obesity are common nutritional problems in schoolchildren and can negatively affect their health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the nutritional status, lipid profile and blood pressure of primary schoolchildren in urban areas of West Java, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design. The total sample in this study included 95 fifth grade students at public elementary schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc least significant difference (LSD) tests was conducted to analyze the differences between groups using IBM SPSS Ver 22.0 software. Results: Overall, 28.4% (27 people), 32.6% (31 people) and 38.9% (37 people) of the schoolchildren were in the normal, overweight and obese nutritional status groups, respectively. The average levels of blood parameters were 171.4±33.7 mg dL–1 for total cholesterol, 126.1±66.1 mg dL–1 for triglycerides, 111.1±33.8 mg dL–1 for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and 49.2±9.8 mg dL–1 for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The average systolic blood pressure was 107.3±12.3 mmHg, while the average diastolic blood pressure was 69.8±11.0 mmHg. HDL-C and systolic blood pressure differed significantly in normal nutritional status, overweight and obese children (p<0.05).Conclusion:Triglycerides, HDL-C and blood pressure differed among schoolchildren with normal nutritional status, overweight and obesity.
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