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Articles by D. Sereme
Total Records ( 2 ) for D. Sereme
  D. Fargette , A. Pinel , M. Rakotomalala , E. Sangu , O. Traore , D. Sereme , F. Sorho , S. Issaka , E. Hebrard , Y. Sere , Z. Kanyeka and G. Konate
  The rate of evolution of an RNA plant virus has never been estimated using temporally spaced sequence data, by contrast to the information available on an increasing range of animal viruses. Accordingly, the evolution rate of Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) was calculated from sequences of the coat protein gene of isolates collected from rice over a 40-year period in different parts of Africa. The evolution rate of RYMV was estimated by pairwise distance linear regression on five phylogeographically defined groups comprising a total of 135 isolates. It was further assessed from 253 isolates collected all over Africa by Bayesian coalescent methods under strict and relaxed molecular clock models and under constant size and skyline population genetic models. Consistent estimates of the evolution rate between 4 x 10–4 and 8 x 10–4 nucleotides (nt)/site/year were obtained whatever method and model were applied. The synonymous evolution rate was between 8 x10–4 and 11 x 10–4 nt/site/year. The overall and synonymous evolution rates of RYMV were within the range of the rates of 50 RNA animal viruses, below the average but above the distribution median. Experimentally, in host change studies, substitutions accumulated at an even higher rate. The results show that an RNA plant virus such as RYMV evolves as rapidly as most RNA animal viruses. Knowledge of the molecular clock of plant viruses provides methods for testing a wide range of biological hypotheses.
  B.J. Neya , P.E. Zida , D. Sereme , O.S. Lund and O. Traore
  Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) is one the main leguminous crop plants world wide, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where the rainfall is low and often unevenly distributed. However, its production is limited by insect attacks and numerous diseases including those caused by viruses. In Burkina Faso, the Cowpea Aphid-Borne Mosaic Virus (CABMV) is one of the viruses capable of causing 7-60% of yield losses. The aim of this study is to assess the susceptibility of 21 cowpea varieties against CABMV and to also assess the yield losses caused by this virus on each of the varieties. In this context trial was conducted on INERA research stations at Kamboinsé and Farako-Bâ in 2012 and 2013. Twenty one varieties were used for this study. The experimental design used is a split-plot with 4 repetitions for which the first 2 repetitions were inoculated with the CABMV. Symptoms caused by the CABMV on the 21 varieties of cowpea were of a great diversity. The assessment of the virus in infected plant samples from these varieties by ELISA test allowed detecting the mosaic virus in all samples that presented mosaic symptoms. The number of flowers and pods strongly varied depending to the type of plant (inoculated or non-inoculated plant) and the variety. Yields from the different varieties, comprised between 187 and 6250 kg ha–1, were influenced by the site, the year, the variety and the type of plant. Yields losses were ranged from 3-64% depending to the variety.
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