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Articles by Chemeda Abedeta
Total Records ( 2 ) for Chemeda Abedeta
  Hinsene Garuma , Gezahegn Berecha and Chemeda Abedeta
  In Ethiopia, coffee production system can mainly be categorized as; garden, plantation, semi-forest and forest coffee production systems which are assumed to vary in the intensity of management. But, little is known whether these production systems and the associated management practices have effect on coffee beans abnormalities. Besides, the role of pea berry on cup quality parameters has not been documented under Ethiopian condition. Therefore, the study was carried out to assess the influence of coffee production systems on the occurrence of bean abnormality and cup quality. The study was carried out in the landscape matrix of forest and agricultural lands near Jimma, in South-western Ethiopia. A total of 24 study sites in four production systems were sampled. Coffee cherries were prepared following the standard procedure for wet method of processing. The beans sensory quality was tested with and without pea berry (the major bean abnormality observed in this study). Coffee production system showed significant influence on the occurrence of bean abnormality. Plantation coffee production system showed significantly higher proportion of pea berry which accounts for higher portion of bean abnormality than the rest of production systems (p<0.001). There was no significant difference between the coffee beans tested with and without pea berry in all of the production systems except body in the garden coffee production system, where the coffee tested with pea berry gave the lower grade while coffee tested without pea berry scored the highest grade. In conclusion, an evidence was not generated for the negative effect of pea berry on coffee quality. However, future study was recommended on the causes of bean abnormalities in coffee across coffee production systems as occurrence of pea berry may have yield implication.
  Debela Hunde , Chemeda Abedeta , Techale Birhan and Manju Sharma
  Ethiopia is considered as one of the countries with rich plant biodiversity in the world. However, biodiversity decline through time due to several activities including medicinal plants use role of gender is less investigated. Therefore, this study focused on the role of gender in medicinal plants cultivation and conservation practices in three districts of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. Multistage sampling technique was used to select study sites and respondents in Mana, Kersa and Seka Chekorsa districts of nine peasant associations. One hundred eighty respondents were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. Focus group discussion with key informants at each study areas were made to gather more information. An ethnobotanical data collection method was used for collecting data, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. Data was analyzed using SPSS software version 16. The result showed that medicinal plants reported from the study area classified in to 25 families and 36 species, with growth forms 11 shrubs, 19 herbs and 1 climber. The result indicated that women are largely involved (37.67%) in cultivation and conservation (41.13%) of medicinal plants in compared to all family members in the study area indicating that mothers are responsible for family health care. The present study has revealed that local people of Jimma zone have rich knowledge of medicinal plant cultivation and management with more responsibility on women. This knowledge has far reaching importance in contributing healthcare system and biodiversity conservation. Therefore, it is essential to promote the local medicinal plants cultivation and management practices to benefit the future generation from both the knowledge and the medicinal plant diversity.
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