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Articles by Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
Total Records ( 4 ) for Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
  Ghaida Yasmin , Lilik Kustiyah and Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
  Stunting adversely affects the physical and cognitive outcome of school-aged children. However, very limited information available on risk factors of stunting among Indonesian school-aged children (ISC). This study was aimed to analyze risk factors of stunting among ISC. This study used electronic files data of Basic Health Research 2010 of the Health Research and Development Agency of the Ministry of Health, which was designed as cross-sectional survey. A total of 8710 children aged 6-12 years from eight provinces in Indonesia were selected for the analysis. Stunting and severe stunting were defined as height-for-age z-score (HAZ) of <-2 Standard Deviation (SD) and <-3 SD of the WHO reference, respectively. A logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors of stunting. The result showed that 28.11% of ISC were stunting and of the stunted children, 11.38% were severely stunting. In multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for all factors, stunting was associated with low household expenditure, low Healthy Eating Index score, low maternal height, low maternal education, higher family member, low energy and protein adequacy level, older age, living in rural area, male sex, low sanitation score and higher phosphor and vitamin C adequacy level.
  Siti Ika Fitrasyah , Cesilia Meti Dwiriani and Lilik Kustiyah
  Oxidative stress can lead to infection, which in turn have effects on the onset of the diseases. Particularly in adults obesity who have low immune response which is characterized by an increase in lymphocytes levels that play a role in producing immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody to fight infection in the body. The purpose of the study was to analyze effect of antioxidant drinks intervention (tomato extracts and flavoured-rice bran powder drinks) on titers of IgG in adults obesity used quasi-experimental one group pre and post-test design. The subjects used in this study were 13 adults. The intervention 240 ml (2 cups) of tomato extracts and 30 g (2 sachets) of flavored-rice bran powder of each 1 to 2 times a day for 2 weeks (14 days). Results showed a significant decreased in IgG titers and proved that the intervention antioxidant drinks able to give effect to the improvement of the subjects's body immunity by improving the body's oxidative stress level.
  Andi Eka Yunianto , Ali Khomsan , Cesilia Meti Dwiriani and Naufal Muharam Nurdin
  The objectives of this study were to: analyze the association between nutrition knowledge and nutritional status with blood glucose status in rural areas. The design of this study was cross-sectional and this study was conducted on 84 people aged 45-59 years from 42 households in Cisalak Village, Cibeber Sub-district, Cianjur District. The result showed that there was no significant difference in the blood glucose status between rural men and women. All participants had low nutrition knowledge. The nutritional status were normal in men and women. Waist circumference (OR = 3.280; 95% CI: 1.093-9.843) and visceral fat (OR = 2.882; 95% CI: 0.983-8.455) were significantly related to blood glucose status. This implied that nutrition education on the importance of maintaining a normal weight needed to be done to avoid the risks and complications due to high blood sugar status. Socialization to general public was also needed, particularly about the importance of maintaining body weight by adopting healthy lifestyle such as not smoking, regular exercise and lessening the consumption of sweet food or sugar-sweetened beverages, in order to maintain blood glucose status.
  Ghaida Yasmin , Lilik Kustiyah and Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
  Background and Objective: A higher risk of overweight has been widely described in other populations but very limited information was available on Indonesian school-aged children (ISC). The aim of this study was to analyze the association between stunting and overweight ISC. Materials and Methods: This study used electronic data of Basic Health Research (BHR) 2010 which was designed as a cross sectional survey. A total of 8,599 ISC aged 6-12 years from eight provinces in Indonesia were selected for the analysis. Overweight and obese were defined as body mass index (BMI) for age Z-score (BAZ) of ≥+1 and ≥+2 standard deviation (SD), while stunting was defined as a height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) of <-2 SD based on WHO cut-off point. Results: The prevalence of overweight, obesity and stunting in ISC were 19.5, 7.9 and 28.0%, respectively. There were 7.5% of ISC categorized as having concurrent stunting and overweight. Most of them were boys and at younger age. They also had low economic status, low parents education and lived in rural areas (p<0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for all factors, stunting was associated with overweight (OR = 2.33, 95% CI: 2.06-2.61). Conclusion: It is apparent that there is a significant association between stunting and overweight in ISC. This association implies that the double-burden of malnutrition (DBM) does exist in Indonesia and comprehensive planning is needed to overcome the problem.
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