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Articles by C. W. Chi
Total Records ( 3 ) for C. W. Chi
  Z Wang , Z Zhou , Z. Y Guo and C. W. Chi

The human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein 120 (gp120) binds to cell surface receptors and mediates HIV entry. Previous studies suggest the cell surface protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) might interact with disulfide bond(s) of gp120 and thus facilitate HIV-1 entry. In the present study, a kinetic trapping approach was used to capture the disulfide cross-linking intermediate between gp120 and PDI. Active site mutant PDIs were prepared in which the C-terminal cysteine at the active site was replaced by a serine. The active site mutant PDIs were able to covalently cross-link with gp120 through a mixed disulfide bond in vitro. The cross-linking efficiency was enhanced by CD4 protein (primary receptor of HIV-1) and was inhibited both by bacitracin (a PDI inhibitor) and by catalytically inactive PDI. The present results suggested the cell surface PDI might play a role in HIV entry in vivo.

  X Wu , X Shao , Z. Y Guo and C. W. Chi

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a ubiquitous endocrine neuropeptide found in vertebrate and invertebrate. In our present work, two NPY-like exocrine conopeptides (designated as cono-NPYs) were first identified in the venom of cone snails. Both cono-NPYs showed sequence characteristics of invertebrate NPYs, suggesting that some exocrine venom peptides are probably evolved from the preexisting endocrine peptides during the evolution of cone snails.

  T. S Yeh , C. W Wu , K. W Hsu , W. J Liao , M. C Yang , A. F. Y Li , A. M Wang , M. L Kuo and C. W. Chi

Gastric carcinoma is one of the most common cancers and lethal malignancies worldwide. Thus far, the regulatory mechanisms of its aggressiveness are still poorly understood. To understand the pathogenesis and to develop new therapeutic strategies, it is essential to dissect the molecular mechanisms that regulate progression of gastric cancer. Herein, we sought to address whether Notch1 signal pathway is involved in the control of progression in gastric cancer. We found that expression of Notch ligand Jagged1 was correlated with aggressiveness of human gastric cancer. Patients with Jagged1 expression in gastric cancer tissues had a poor survival rate compared with those without Jagged1 expression. The Notch1 receptor intracellular domain (N1IC), the activated form of Notch1 receptor, promoted the colony-forming ability and xenografted tumor growth of human stomach adenocarcinoma SC-M1 cells. Migration and invasion abilities of SC-M1 cells were enhanced by N1IC. Furthermore, N1IC and C promoter–binding factor 1 (CBF1) bound to cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) promoter and elevated COX-2 expression in SC-M1 cells through a CBF1-dependent manner. The colony-forming, migration, and invasion abilities enhanced by N1IC were suppressed in SC-M1 cells after treatment with the COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 or knockdown of COX-2. These cellular processes inhibited by Notch1 knockdown were restored by prostaglandin E2 or exogenous COX-2. Taken together, these results suggest that activation of Notch1 signal pathway promotes progression of gastric cancer, at least in part through COX-2. [Cancer Res 2009;69(12):5039–48]

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