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Articles by Birara Endalew
Total Records ( 2 ) for Birara Endalew
  Mequanent Muche , Birara Endalew and Tesfalem Koricho
  Aim of this study was to analyze determinants of household food security in Mana woreda of Jimma zone. As a specific objective, this study assessed food security status, identified determinants of food security and analyzed range of coping strategies practiced by food insecure households in the study area. Purposive sampling technique was used to select both Jimma Zone and Mana woreda. For this study a total of 70 households were selected randomly followed by probability proportional to sampling technique from two kebeles’. Both primary and secondary data were collected for this study. Primary data was collected by direct interview of sample respondents whereas, secondary data was also collected from published and unpublished documents. Household caloric acquisition was employed to measure household food security in the study area. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS version 16.0. Regression model was used to reveal the effect of different variables on household food security. Accordingly, 42.9 and 57.1% households were found to be food insecure, food secure, respectively. Out of nine explanatory variables, educational status of household head, family size, use of farm input and number of oxen owned by households were found to be significant at less than 10% probability level. Sale of livestock, borrow grains and cash from relative and reduce size of meal were identified at initial stage as first, second and third choice whereas, escaping of meal, ate less preferred food and reduce size of meal were also identified at severe stage as first, second and third choice in which food insecure households practiced during food shortage. To improve household food security, the farmer should use their oxen for cultivation purpose, use family planning and allocate their income for all expenditure and the woreda education office together with minister of education should provide adult learning programme to reduce illiteracy.
  Birara Endalew , Mequanent Muche and Samuel Tadesse
  The study was mainly focused on assessing food security situation in Ethiopia, specifically aims to review cause of food insecurity, determinants of food security, food security situation in Ethiopia and coping strategies practiced in Ethiopia. However, its total population is more than 90 million; agriculture is the foundation of its economic growth. Poverty is still a big obstacle to overcome in Ethiopia. Consequently, chronic and acute food insecurity is prevalent. About 10% of Ethiopia’s citizens are chronically food insecure and this figure rises to more than 15% during frequent drought years; 2.7 million People require emergency food assistance in 2014 and 238,761 children require treatment for severe and acute malnutrition in 2014. The deteriorating situation of food security in Ethiopia is caused by population pressure, drought, shortage of farmland, lack of oxen, deterioration of food production capacity, outbreak of plant and animal disease, poor soil fertility, frost attack, shortage of cash income, poor farming technologies, weak extension services, high labor wastage, poor social and infrastructural facility and pre and post harvest crop loss. Sale of wood or charcoal, small scale trading, income transfer systems, limiting size and frequency of meal, sale of livestock, agricultural employment and migration were major coping strategies. Depending on reviewed document, to address food security issue in Ethiopia, the household head and members of the household should engage in different income generating activities for means of living and coping mechanism; the government of Ethiopia should incorporate different research outputs to design programs to tackle food insecurity.
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