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Articles by Belachew Garedew
Total Records ( 4 ) for Belachew Garedew
  Belachew Garedew and Fekede Pella
  Background and Objectives: Ginger is one of the most important spice crops. The quantity and quality of ginger products are becoming low due to the increment of both biotic and abiotic factors. The main objective of the study was to assess the threats that affect the ginger plant and its production. Materials and Methods: Hence, the research was done through systematic random selection and semi structured questionnaire by using the sample size of 95 selected farmers from February-June, 2019 in Luke Kebele, Cheha Woreda, Gurage zone, Southern Ethiopia. Results: The result of study indicated that bacterial disease, nematodes, shortage of rainfall, improper fertilizer usages and soil type were capable to reduce productivity of ginger which lead to disappear in the near future from the study area. Conclusion: Since the genetic diversity and productivity of ginger eroded from local grower’s area, it needs to develop other environmental adaptable and productive varieties of ginger from Ethiopian agricultural institute. Therefore, every responsible body should strive to prevent threats that affect ginger crop and immediate conservation strategies should be applied in order to stop the disappearance of ginger in the near future.
  Belachew Garedew and Dagne Abebe
  Background and Objective: Traditional medicine plants are used for human diseases treatment throughout the world typically liver problems practiced by traditional healers. The study was carried out in Tepi town southwest Ethiopia with the objective of survey the medicinal plants used for the treatment of liver diseases and documented associated knowledge of the people. Materials and Methods: By using purposive sampling method and different data collection techniques such as questionnaire, interview, focus group discussion and case study, the reliable data was recorded. Results: Based on this ethnobotanical study a total of 33 medicinal plants belonging to 26 families were reported and documented from three kebeles of the town. The highest family in terms of species number was Asteraceae accounts 5 species followed by Euphorbiaceae 4 species and the rest families each with 1 species. Herbs were dominant habit plants (33.33%) followed by shrubs (24.24%) and tree (24.24%). The most frequently utilized plant parts for treatment of liver disease was leaf (36.36%) followed by combination of leaf and root (21.21%). Conclusion: The medicinal plant preparations were administered via oral route of administration that employed for the medicinal plant preparations most commonly used route of application. Adapting a recommended diagnostic and treatment using physical diagnosis by indigenous healers/practitioners attempted curing liver problem implementing prevention and control policies in the general population needs an urgent attention in the country.
  Belachew Garedew and Aklilu Ayiza
  Background and Objective: Enset constraints are the main challenges for enset production in the growing area as regional and national level of the country. This research study had been developed with an objective of exploring major constraints and farmers’ traditional management system on pre and post-harvest of ensets cultivars in Masha district, Southwest Ethiopia. Materials and Methods: The study kebeles were selected using purposive sampling method and the simple random method was employed to select household informants from each kebele. The data were collected using open and close ended questionnaires, structured and semi-structured interview, filed observation and focus group discussion of household informants. Then the data was analyzed using Microsoft excel spread sheet. Results: The most adaptable and disease and pest resistant varieties of enset selected by indigenous farmers were Gudiro’, ‘Nobo’, ‘Yobo’ and ‘Cherallo’. The productivity of enset was often affected by the accumulation of pests and diseases (28.94%) which was passed through vegetative propagation and followed by lack of appropriate planting materials (15.26%) that used raw material for propagation. The most spoiling and devastating disease and pest of enset crops were mole rats (43.15%) and followed by bacterial wilts (33.29%). Conclusion: Therefore, the university and other stakeholders take the responsible to solve these deteriorate constraints to get surplus products and linkage with market. Awareness creation and deriving scientific approaching technology is crucial for the community using the potential of the area and associated traditional wisdom are paramount importance.
  Dagne Abebe and Belachew Garedew
  This ethnobotanical study was carried out to identify and document medicinal plant practice in the Abeshige district, Gurage Zone of SNNP Region. Ethnobotanical information of medicinal plants was gathered through a semi-structured interview, field observation, group discussion and market survey. A total of 89 medicinal plants belonging to 47 families were reported and documented. Out of these medicinal plants, 75 species (84.26%) were reported to treat human aliments, 9 species (10.11%) livestock ailments and 5 species (5.67%) both human and livestock ailments. About 70 species (78.65%) of the plant taxa were collected from the wild and 17 species (19.1%) from home gardens and the remaining 2 species (2.25%) were collected from both wild and home garden. Herbs were found to be the most widely used life forms and this accounts for 33 species (37.1%) followed by 26species (29.2%) shrub and 20 species (22.5%) tree. The most frequently used plant parts were reported to be the leaves which was 40 taxa (44.94%) and then the roots 24 taxa (26.96%). Crushing and pounding a single plant part or a mixture of plant parts of different taxa widely used method of preparation. The different use categories of medicinal plant in the area included food, firewood, charcoal, construction and furniture. Religious teachings, Agricultural expansion, overgrazing, fire wood collection, charcoal production, cutting down trees for construction and furniture were major conservation threats which leads to the loss of indigenous knowledge. But some people were found to protect medicinal plants in home garden and agricultural fields. Therefore, in addition to the aforementioned positive attitude of the local communities supplementary environmental education with regard to sustainable uses of medicinal plants could be useful.
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