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Articles by B.Y. Kaltungo
Total Records ( 4 ) for B.Y. Kaltungo
  W.I. Musa , L. Sa`idu , B.Y. Kaltungo , U.B. Abubakar and A.M. Wakawa
  The introduction of commercial poultry in Nigeria has rapidly revolutionarised the poultry industry over the years. This has increasingly raised concern in poultry waste disposal. About 932.5 metric tonnes of commercial poultry manure are annually produced in Nigeria. Ammonia gas is majorly a product of poultry manure and to some extent green house gases. Pathogenic microorganisms can thrive in poultry wastes. These constitute environmental and health hazards to livestock and the teeming population. The concern on how to manage poultry wastes under intensive production systems led to the discovery of suitable poultry droppings and moist absorbents referred to as litter materials. Caging birds may soon become unethical, wood shavings and saw dust are most popular but are increasingly used to manufacture other wood products, alternative litter materials are seasonally available, poultry litter is effectively utilized as nitrogen based fertilizer and livestock feed supplement, therefore, the demand and price for litter materials is magnified. Thus, farmers cannot secure enough good quality litter material for their birds. Economic losses due to poor litter are significantly high. In view of these therefore, careful selection, adequate management and proper storage and utilization of poultry litter are of paramount importance to reduce environmental pollution, disease spread and economic losses associated with poultry litter.
  B.Y. Kaltungo , S.N.A. Saidu , A.K.B. Sackey and H.M. Kazeem
  Most brucellosis related studies in Nigeria is mainly in the cattle population. Brucellosis in small ruminants may be of greater public health concern in view of the socio-economic role of small ruminants in Nigeria. This study was carried out to generate a base-line data of brucellosis in sheep and goats in Kaduna North Senatorial District of Kaduna State, Nigeria. In this study, 72 and 122 milk samples were collected from apparently healthy sheep and goats, respectively within the months of April- May. Milk samples were collected from lactating sheep and goats and subjected to the Milk Ring Test (MRT). From the milk samples collected 13(18.1%) and 32(26.2%) were positive for Brucella antibodies. Though the prevalence in goats was higher compared to sheep but this was not statistically significant (p>0.05). A high prevalence of Brucella antibodies in the milk of sheep and goats necessitates government intervention for an effective and holistic control of brucellosis in Nigeria. High risk groups and the general public should further be enlightened on the health hazards of the disease and the risk of interspecies transmission of brucellosis.
  G.E. Ochube , B.Y. Kaltungo and U.B. Abubakar
  Congenital anomaly by autosomal recessive genes has been implicated as the main etiology of contracted flexor tendons in musculoskeletal deformities of new borne calves. Surgical intervention of this case revealed that ankylosis was caused by wrong origination and insertion of malformed ulnaris lateralis muscle. A stay in the form of splints was placed throughout the limb. Plasters of Paris were then applied to the whole length of the limb to enhance stability. The surgical site was fenestrated to allow aeration and dressing, the overall result of the procedure was encouraging. After 7 weeks, a second surgery was performed to correct the bilateral contracted flexor tendon of the carpal joint. This was achieved by deep digital flexor tendon tenotomy of the carpal joint and placing a fiber glass cast on both joints.
  G.E. Ochube , B.Y. Kaltungo and U.B. Abubakar
  The correction of enterolithiaisis in this case report was carried out by manual traction as the“stone” was lodged proximal to the ileo-cecal junction. This is a rare “fit” as the condition is mostly managed only surgically. Under mild sedation and with proper restraint using a crutch in a standing position, rectal enema alongside massive lubrication using a rectal lubricant was employed to manipulate the stone until it was successfully removed. The stone weighed 0.75 kg and its measurement length and breadth were 7.5 and 4.5 inches, respectively. Mild bleeding that resulted was managed by applying digital pressure on the affected part of the rectum and intravenous administration of vitamin K injection at 5 mg kg–1 was given. Animal was placed on maize bran and other less fiber diet for 5 days to allow proper healing of the rectal area to take place. The animal recovered fully 14 days after correction.
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