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Articles by Augustin Bere
Total Records ( 2 ) for Augustin Bere
  Jacques Simpore , Denise Ilboudo , Damintoti Karou , Virginio Pietra , Marisa Granato , Maria Esposito , Roberta Santarelli , Salvatore Pignatelli , Augustin Bere and Antonio Angeloni
  We analyzed the prevalence of Human Herpes Virus-8 (HHV-8), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infections among pregnant women in Burkina Faso, to estimate the seroprevalence of HHV-8 infection in this sub-Saharan country and to evaluate the co-infection rates for these viruses. Sera collected from pregnant women (n = 1420) were assayed to determine HIV prevalence. Subsequently, (n = 429) were tested to detect HHV-8, HCV and HBV infections. 108/1420 (7.61%) subjects were found HIV seropositive and the risk of being infected increases with age. Among the 429 women screened, 49 were HHV-8 infected (11.4%), 26 were seropositive for HCV (6.1%) and 40 were HBsAg positive (9.3%). Co-infection rates among HIV infected individuals were: 16/108 HHV-8 positive (14.8%), 14/108 HBV (12.9%) HBsAg positive, 8/108 (7.4%) HCV positive. Prevalence of HHV-8 infection in the analyzed population of Burkina Faso is lower than that found in other regions of Central Africa and this is in keeping with the low incidence of Kaposi`s sarcoma observed in this country. Moreover, this research enabled us to estimate the prevalence of the co-infections of the HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C within our group of study. Considering only the three types of infections: HHV-8, HCV and HBV without taking into account the HIV, only 75.06% (322/429) of these women do not have any viral infection. This remark is very significant and it must be taken in consideration in the hospitals, at the time of the blood transfusions in emergency.
  Jacques Simpore , Frederic Zongo , Youssouf Ouattara , Fatoumata Kabore , Deleli Dansou , Augustin Bere , Jean-Baptiste Nikiema and Salvatore Musumeci
  The objective of the study was to assess the impact of an alimentary integrator composed by Spiruline (Spirulina platensis), produced at the Centre Medical St Camille (CMSC) of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, on the nutritional status of undernourished HIV-infected and HIV negative children. We compared two groups of children: 84 children HIV-infected and 86 HIV-negative. The duration of this study was eight weeks. Anthropometrics and haematological parameters allowed us to appreciate both the nutritional and biological effects of Spiruline supplement to traditional meals. The rehabilitation with Spiruline shows on average a weight gain of 15 and 25 g/day in HIV-infected and in HIV negative children, respectively. The level of anaemia decreased during the study in all the children, but the recuperation was less efficient among the HIV-infected children, in fact, 81.8% of HIV negative undernourished children recuperated against 63.6% of HIV-infected children [Z: 1.70 (95% CI: -0.366, -0.002, p=0.088)]. Present results allow to confirm that Spiruline is a good food supplement for undernourished children. In particular the rehabilitation by Spiruline seems to correct the anaemia and the weight loss also in HIV-infected, but more quickly in HIV negative undernourished children.
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