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Articles by Andi Mushawwir
Total Records ( 5 ) for Andi Mushawwir
  Andi Mushawwir , U. Hidayat Tanuwiria , Kurnia A. Kamil , Lovita Adriani and Rachmat Wiradimadja
  Background and Objective: The heat stress of quail plays an important role in feed utilization, blood profile, growth performance and its influence economic loss. Supplemented of volatile oil garlic is one the efforts to avoid the negative impact of heat stress. This study was conducted to investigate the potential of garlic powder in improving feed utilization, some parameters of blood biochemistry and performance. Materials and Methods: A total of 400 laying quails was used in this experiment. Animal samples were obtained at 6 week of age randomly assigned to 4 groups of treatment. Each group of treatment involved 10 replicates with 10 quails each (100 laying quails per group). All of the groups were provided basal diet and supplemented with volatile oil of garlic 0 (control), 0.75, 1.50 and 2.25 mL L–1 drinking water for group of D0, D1, D2 and D3, respectively. All of the groups were exposed heat stress under 33-35°C. Faces and eggs ware collected and also measured feed consumption to determined feed utilization. Blood sample was collected and centrifuged to separate plasma. The plasma was used for determination of concentration of blood biochemistry by spectrophotometer method, based on BIOLABO kit. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA using SAS. Results: Based on the results of this study, there was significant effect (p<0.05) supplementation of volatile oil garlic on the feed utilization between D0 and D1, D2, D3. Commonly, supplemented of volatile oil garlic showed significantly affected (p<0.05) on the blood biochemical and performance, however did not significantly affected (p>0.05) on the glucose and low density lipoprotein (LDL) . The administration of 2.25 mL L–1 drinking water was a optimum level for increasing feed utilization, improving profile of blood biochemistry and rising performance. Conclusion: The result in this study indicated that bioactive compound in volatile oil can be improved feed utilization, metabolism rate and quail production by administration 2.25 mL L–1 in drinking water.
  Lovita Adriani , Abun and Andi Mushawwir
  This study was aimed to determine the effect of Jengkol (Pithecellobium jiringan) skin extract in ration on blood glucose, uric acid and total gut E. coli count of broiler chicken. One hundred day old commercial broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four treatment groups as T1, T2, T3 and T4 with 25 birds per treatment group replicated five times with five birds per replicate in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The birds in the control group (T1) were given normal basal diet without the addition of jengkol skin extract, while as other groups (T2, T3, T4) were supplemented with 0.01, 0.02 and 0.03% jengkol skin extract respectively. The blood samples were randomly collected from five birds per replicate at the end experimental period (5th week) and analyzed for the estimation of blood glucose and uric acid. The total E. coli count of gut contents was analyzed using Total Plate Count method. The results revealed that blood glucose was non-significantly (p>0.05) increased in the groups fed Jengkol at various levels when compared to the control. Further, a significantly (p<0.05) proportional decreasing trend in blood uric acid levels was found with increase in the level of dietary Jengkol, with highest reduction of 8.76±0.35 mg/dl in the group supplemented with 0.03% Jengkol (T4) compared to 11.53±1.20 mg/dl in the control group. Moreover, the total gut E. coli also decreased significantly (p<0.05) in the groups fed Jengkol in the diet (T2, T3 and T4). In conclusion, dietary inclusion of Jengkol had beneficial effect with regard to its ability in reducing the blood uric acid levels and total gut E. coli count of broiler chicken.
  Andi Mushawwir , U Hidayat Tanuwiria , Kurnia A Kamil , Lovita Adriani , Rachmat Wiradimadja and Nono Suwarno
  Background and Objective: Temperature is one of the main factors affecting the performance of broilers. Feed efficiency and poor performance of broilers are a main problem for broiler producers in regions in which the temperature exceeds the thermoneutral zone or even the upper critical temperature. The current experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of combining Javanese ginger powder (JGP) with garlic extract (GE) in improving haematological condition and blood biochemistry in heat-stressed broilers. Materials and Methods: One hundred and seventy-five, one-day-old unsex Cobb broiler chicks were used in the current study to evaluate the potential of combining Javanese ginger powder (JGP) with garlic extract (GE) in improving haematological condition and blood biochemistry in heat-stressed broiler. The dietary treatments consisted of Javanese ginger powder (JGP) and garlic extract (GE). The broiler samples were randomly allocated to 7 treatment groups: Control group = D0 (without JGP and GE), JGP of 10 g kg–1 basal diet (D1), JGP of 15 g kg–1 basal diet (D2), GE of 5 mL kg–1 basal diet (D3), GE of 10 mL kg–1 basal diet (D4), JGP of 10 g: GE of 5 mL (D5) and JGP of 10 g: GE of 10 mL (D6). Blood samples were collected and whole blood was used to analyse haematological parameters while the blood plasma was used to determine the concentration of biochemical parameters by an automatic biochemical analyser, using a commercial kit. Results: The current study showed decreased haematological condition and biochemical profile in heat-stressed broilers. Combining JGP and GE can improve the physiological condition (haematological and biochemical) in heat-stressed broilers. A combination of JGP with GE (D5 and D6) demonstrated supplemented levels that significantly enhanced (p<0.05) the haematological and biochemical profile in heat-stressed broilers. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, combining JGP with GE resulted in supplemented levels that significantly enhanced the haematological and biochemical profile, therefore, we conclude that JGP and GE can be used to avoid heat-stress in broilers.
  Lovita Adriani , Tuti Widjastuti , Endang Sudjana , Andi Mushawwir and An-An Yulianti
  A study was carried out at the Poultry Department, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University, Bandung Indonesia, in order to determine the effect of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) juice and Palm sugar (Arenga pinnata) supplementation in drinking water on the lipid profile of broiler chicken. One hundred (100) day old commercial broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four (4) treatment groups as T1, T2, T3 and T4 with 25 birds per treatment group replicated five times of five (5) birds per replicate in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The birds in the first group (T1) were given only 0.3% Noni in drinking water, while as other groups were supplemented with 0.3% Noni+2% Palm sugar (T1), 0.3% Noni+3% Palm sugar (T2) and 0.3% Noni+4% Palm sugar (T4). The blood samples were randomly collected from three (3) birds per replicate at the end of the study at 5th week and analyzed for the estimation of blood lipid profile viz. Total Cholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Triglycerides. Results revealed that using combination of Noni and Palm sugar significantly (p<0.05) decreased the total Cholesterol, triglyceride and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) levels. A numerical decrease in the levels of total cholesterol and LDL was observed with increase in the level of Palm sugar among the treatment groups. Highest reductions were observed in the groups supplemented with 0.3% Noni+4% Palm sugar (T4). Although, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) did not increase in the present study but the ratio between HDL and LDL increased numerically in the treatment groups with increase in the concentration of Palm sugar. Thus, in view of the results obtained, it could be concluded that both Noni and Palm sugar have beneficial health effects with regard to their ability in altering the lipid profile of broiler chicken.
  Elvia Hernawan , Lovita Adriani , Andi Mushawwir , Chandrawati Cahyani and Darmawan
  Background and Objective: Chitosan is a natural alkaline polysaccharide and widespread in nature. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of chitosan on blood biochemical parameters like cholesterol, malondialdehyde (MDA), creatinine and total leucocytes. Methodology: One hundred laying phase hens, aged 28 weeks were used in the study. The birds were divided into 2 treatment groups each having 3 replicates of 10 birds each. Group I served as control and was fed basal diet. In Group II, basal diet was supplemented with chitosan at 150 ppm g–1 by spraying method. Results: The results showed that the chitosan inclusion in the diet of layer pullets significantly (p<0.05) lowered the total cholesterol (36.749±0.381 mg dL–1) when compared to the control group (43.030±0.352 mg dL–1). The dietary incorporation of chitosan significantly (p<0.05) decreased blood MDA levels (1.829±0.237 nmoles mL–1) of laying hens compared to control (2.553±0.379 nmoles mL–1). The creatinine levels also decreased significantly (p<0.05) in birds fed diet supplemented with chitosan, however, there was no effect on the total leucocyte count. Conclusion: The incorporation of chitosan in the diet had positive effect in terms of reducing the blood cholesterol and malondialdehyde levels of laying hens.
 
 
 
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