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Articles by Ahmad Sanusi Hassan
Total Records ( 5 ) for Ahmad Sanusi Hassan
  Fatemeh Khozaei , Ahmad Sanusi Hassan and Zahra Khozaei
  Problem statement: Unlike numerous studies have explored residents’ satisfaction and sense of attachment to housing, little discussion exists on this area addressing the relationship between sense of attachment to place and student housing satisfaction. To fill such a gap, this article was an attempt to investigate undergraduate students’ level of satisfaction and sense of attachment to place drawn from three ethnics (Malay, Chinese and Indian) living in the hostels of University Sains Malaysia to see if there is a significant relationship between the level of satisfaction and sense of attachment to hostel and whether Chinese, Indians and Malay students differ from one another significantly in their satisfaction with hostel and sense of attachment to place. Approach: A 33 item questionnaire measuring satisfaction of students with (hostel fees, sharing the room, hostel distance from facilities provided on University campus and hostel distance from school’, hostel design and layout, hostel population, hostel rules and regulations, hostel safety and hostel security and so forth) and sense of attachment to place was used in this research. A sample of 267 (168 Malay, 76 Chinese and 23 Indians) students were randomly selected from seven hostels of University Sains Malaysia. Results: The findings of the study showed a significant positive correlation between level of satisfaction and sense of attachment to place (r = 0.529; p<0.01, n = 267). An insignificant difference was found between three ethnics (Malay, Chinese and Indian) on the level of satisfaction with hostel and sense of attachment to place. Conclusion: It was concluded that (1) higher sense of attachment is associated with an increase in level of satisfaction. (2) Satisfaction and attachment to hostel are not affected by the student’s ethnicity.
  Ahmad Sanusi Hassan and Mahyuddin Ramli
  Problem statement: It was the aim of the study to analyze the level of performance of natural air ventilation with a case study of the traditional Malay house in Penang, Malaysia. This study provided information on the architectural design in relation to natural air ventilation. It promoted passive design in contrast to most housing design which has poor natural air ventilation because the design was orientated to energy consumption that slightly more than one third of the electric energy was used for heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems. Approach: This analysis used quantitative method which measured temperature, humidity and wind speed of the traditional house. The result indicated the level of performance of cross air ventilation and stack effect. Results: The analysis showed that the traditional house has a design integrated with natural air ventilation system. The indoor house temperature and relative humidity had slightly lower than its outdoor area. However, the indoor area had lower wind speed level than the outdoor area. Conclusion: The study showed that maximum openings on the building walls created high air intakes outside the house to give poor performance of stack effect. The design had more emphasis to cross air ventilation.
  Mehrdad Mazloomi , Ahmad Sanusi Hassan , Parmis Naraghi Bagherpour and Mohd Rodzi Ismail
  Problem statement: Whilst at the design stage the various aspects of design impact must be taken into account, the incident solar radiation, insolation, is a key to many environmental aspects of street canyons. In this regard, the configuration of an urban street has a decisive role in magnitude of the solar radiation which it receives on its flank. This study aimed the influence of geometry and orientation of urban street canyon on flank insolation in an arid climate city. Approach: This study approached numerical simulation and employs a computational programme to carry out a 2D simulation within Urban Canopy Layer; (UCL). To enhance the resolution, the simulation condition is based upon accumulative hourly insolation on the daily-basis sun movement for the both solstices as the two extreme days of the year. Results: Geometry has an inverse influence on flank insolation and streets approaching deeper canyons would have lower insolation in both summer and winter. The orientation influence on insolation is to be seen with the season. In winter, orientation effect is analogous to geometry impact and higher inclined canyons would have lower insolation on their flank. In summer, increase in orientation causes variation in flank insolation of which the variation trend is not in the same direction. Conclusion: This study showed that both geometry and orientation influence the solar radiation incident on the street flank and therefore ought to be considered in the design stage where the designers can take full advantages. The increase in geometry or orientation towards deeper canyon and higher inclination respectively, yield insolation reduction excluding for the orientation influence in summer that causes insolation variation.
  Faris Ali Mustafa and Ahmad Sanusi Hassan
  Problem statement: This study was to analyze the concept of spatial-function in courtyard house layout and its influence to the cultural and social activities. Themes such as integration, segregation, accessibility and zoning of the building space layout are required to be deliberated, in order to achieve further understanding about the Kurdish social and cultural benchmarks (norms) that might have affected by the spatial configuration of the house layouts. Approach: The study was based on the analysis from selected samples of courtyard house layouts in Erbil city, through adopting the theory of space syntax and its techniques (gamma analysis method). The purpose was to interpret and identify the mutual relationship between space and social life through both scales of spatial-functional analysis. Functionally, illustration and classification of the key zones and sectors of the house; spatially, measuring the main syntactic characteristics of spatial systems (house layouts)and translating it to numerical data in order to identify their effect that forming spatial patterns. Results: The functional approach for the design of residential spaces had a clear impact on the method of formation and organization of residential spaces (functional sectors) through the indicators of physical and intellectual change that affected the nature of spontaneous social interaction in the traditional Kurdish courtyard houses in the city of Erbil. Conclusion: Social variables and factors stemming from the customs and traditions of the community have a direct impact on the residential function through the way of forming and configuration of its interior spaces, which had supported by discovering Genotypic spatial-functional patterns of house layouts (study sample).
  Salahaddin Yasin Baper and Ahmad Sanusi Hassan
  Problem statement: This study discussed the concept of identity and the role of modernity in shifting towards globalization. The literature study covered definitions of the key words which are modernity, identity and architecture. The definition included description and issues related to the key words, which became a crucial study in identifying factors which influence the concept of change and continuity in architectural identity. Approach: This study adapted a procedure of two measuring scale Syntax analysis and Semantic analysis. The study identified checklist factors which will be used as a measurable factor for the syntax analysis and prepared a proper standardized questionnaire for (Semantic analysis). The aim was to do qualitative analysis to the influence of modernity to the architectural identity throughout the history of architecture. It illustrated the level of modern influence by western and international style that bore with its unprecedented modern concepts in comparison to the accustomed norm of the traditional architecture of the region. Results: This analysis was to evaluate negative impacts on the modern architecture in relation to the local culture, religion and environment. The case study was selected areas influenced by the development of modern buildings in Erbil city, one of the ancient cities in Iraq. Conclusion: The research contribution was to measure the level of modern influence that has damaged the traditional building identity in Erbil City.
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