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Articles by Adel E.M. Mahmoud
Total Records ( 2 ) for Adel E.M. Mahmoud
  Hemat S. Mohamed , Adel E.M. Mahmoud , Mohamed S. Abbas and Hassan M. Sobhy
  Background: One hundred and eight weaned NZW rabbits used to investigate the effect of using remnants of mint, fennel, basil and anise with or without probiotic to replace 50% from alfalfa hay in rabbit’s diets. This part of study had shown the effects of experimental diets on rabbit meat composition and its fatty and amino acids. Materials and Methods: The four remnants were obtained after oil extraction and were incorporated in rabbit diets, rabbits randomly assigned in to 9 experimental groups, the experimental period lasted for 8 weeks. Chemical composition, fatty and amino acids were analyzed. Results: Chemical composition of meat fed different experimental diets were in the normal structure in rabbit meat with slight differences among them. Data of fatty acids fractions observed that Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) were the highest proportion of total fatty acid (41.90%) after that the percent of Saturated Fatty Acids (SFA) (40.39%) then the percent of Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFA) (17.71%). The highest value of the total non-essential amino acids was found in anise and anise with probiotic treatment (67.65 and 67.49 g/100 g) treatment, whereas, the lowest value was found in control, fennel and fennel with probiotics (62.73, 62.13 and 62.13 g/100 g, respectively) treatment. Conclusion: Summing up, using of that medicinal plants remnant to replace 50% from alfalfa hay in rabbit diets did not have any adverse effects on chemical composition of rabbit meat and its fractions of fatty and amino acids.
  H.A.F. Rahmy , H.M. El Bana , N.E. El-Bordeny , Adel E.M. Mahmoud and Wafaa M.A. Ghoneem
  Background and Objective: Medicinal herbs and aromatic plants could be used to manipulate rumen fermentation. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adding herbal and aromatic plants at 1, 3, 5, 7% of total ratio DM supplementation of the incubation media of an in vitro rumen model. Materials and Methods: About 400±4 mg of feed sample (roughage and concentrate ratio of 45:55%) with each level, weighted into 125 mL glass bottles (6 bottles for each treatment), rumen fluid injected into these bottles and incubated at 39°C, after 24 h incubation digestibility of dry matter (IVDMD) and organic matter digestibility (IVOMD), total gas production (TG) and metabolic energy (ME) were studied. Results: The differences among plants, added at different levels, were significant. Significant differences were also observed between highest level added compared with control in ammonia (NH3) and volatile fatty acids (VFA), IVDMD and IVOMD compared with control. Total gas (TG) was significantly higher at level 7%, especially with added Melissa compared with other plants. Metabolic energy (ME), was significantly higher in all treatments compared with control. Conclusion: It may be concluded that addition of different medicinal and aromatic herbal plants Caraway (Carum carvi), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and Melissa (Melissa officinali)), especially at highest levels tested has a great potential in manipulating rumen fermentation, which may be of benefit when applied in ruminant nutrition.
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