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Articles by Abdul Rashid
Total Records ( 7 ) for Abdul Rashid
  Abdul Rashid , Ghulam Raza Hazara , Nasir Javed , Malik Shah Nawaz and G. M. Ali
  Genotype x environment interaction limit the effectiveness of selection when selection is based only on mean yields. This study evaluated eight mustard (B. juncea) cultivars and breeding lines of Oilseed Research Programme at ten different agro-ecological zones during winter 1997-98 and 1998-99. The significant GxL interaction caused difficulty in identifying superior yielding mustard genotype. Therefore, stability parameters in addition to mean seed yield over environments were calculated. The analysis of variance indicated that heterogeneity of regressions was highly significant (P<0.01). The overall yield performance of the KS-74, CV-3 and BARD-1 genotypes was superior. Genotypes KS-74 and CV-3 had b-values near to one and low deviations from regression indicating relatively stable performance over environments. The lowest b-value of BARD-1 indicated that it performed relatively better in low yielding environments and less well adapted to favorable environments. The result of this investigation demonstrated that production response index (regression coefficient) and other stability parameters are suitable means of selecting cultivars that are stable, high yielding and responsive. It is Further illustrated that the regression coefficient is the most useful stability statistics, which can be applied for the selection of brassica cultivars adapted to wide range of environments or adapted to restricted environments.
  Abdul Rashid , Habib Ahmad Saeed , Lal Hussain Akhtar , Sabir Zameer Siddiqi and Muhammad Arshad
  Effects of five insecticides i.e. Chlorpyrifos, (2500 ml ha-1), Endosulfan (2500 ml ha-1), Indoxicarb (425 ml ha-1), Profenophos (2500 ml ha-1) and Spinosad (200 ml ha-1) alongwith untreated check against gram pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera Hubner) were investigated during Rabi season, 2001-2002. Chickpea variety Bittle-98 was used as a test variety. The plots were sprayed at pod formation stage followed 2nd spray after 15 days. Results revealed that a varying degree of control was achieved in different insecticidal treatments in terms of decreased pest population and pod damage resulting in increased seed yield. Among the various insecticides tested, Spinosad (Tracer) and Indoxicarb (Steward) were highly effective against gram pod borer while Endosulfan was found to be the least effective insecticide.
  Abdul Rashid , Habib Ahmad Saeed , Lal Hussain Akhtar , Sabir Zameer Siddiqi and Muhammad Arshad
  The present study was carried out to screen 11 advance strains and one approved variety of chickpea (Bittle-98) for pod damage caused by gram pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) under field conditions of Bahawalpur during Rabi season, 2001-2002. The results indicated that pod damage ranged from 9.38 to 21.49% in the test strains. Most susceptible strain was BRC-4 with pod damage of 21.49% while BRC-1 was least susceptible with pod damage of 9.38% with corresponding seed yields of 0.137 and 0.333 kg plot-1 among the 11 strains tested.
  Abdul Rashid , V.K. Anand and Jawaid Serwar
   The present communication deals with the Ethnobotanical exploration, identification, concerns,  conservational aspects and future potentialities of the wild edible plant species consumed by the Gujjar tribe inhabitating the hilly areas of district Rajouri, apart of Jammu and Kashmir State-India. A total of 57 plant species belonging to 33 families were reported from the region. Rosaceae and Polygonaceae were the dominant botanical families with 5 taxa each, whilst Rhaminaceae follow with 4 taxa. Violaceae is represented by 3 members. The four major reported life forms were shrubs, trees, herbs and climbers. Herbs make up the highest proportion of the edible species, followed by tree, shrubs and climbers. Execution of unplanned developmental activities and anthropogenic factors has resulted in a serious ecological imbalance and degeneration of the biodiversity in this region. The study also takes in to account the magnitude of various pressures, measures of mitigation, future scope and prospects of wild edible plants of this region.
  Rahmat Ullah Khan , Abdul Rashid and Ahmad Khan
  Field experimets were conducted during 1993-94 and 1994-95 to determine the effect of removing the top growth at different level on green fodder and seed yield of chickpea c.v. NIFA-88. Seed yield was significantly reduced by cutting the top growth while production of green fodder obtained according to the cutting level produced a maximum green fodder but lowest seed yield. The green fodder yield was maximum during 1994-95 as compared to the fodder yield obtained during 1993-94 and 1994-95. It may be the result of uniform rainfall distribution during the crop growth season and bumper vegetative growth of the crop during 1994-95. The maximum grain yield of 2483 and 2263 kg ha–1 were obtained from the uncut/ungrazed crop during 1993-94 and 1994-95 respectively.
Also plant height, number of pods per plant were reduced and the maturity was delayed by cutting as compared to solid crop apart from seed weight.
  Rahmat Ullah Khan , Abdul Rashid and Ahmad Khan
  Field experiments were conducted during 1994-95 and 1995-96 to determine the effect of removing (cutting) the top growth of the crop at different interval on green fodder and seed yield of chickpea c.v. NIFA-88. Date of cutting included i.e. Nov 29, Dec 14, Dec 29, Jan 13 and Jan 28 including control both the year respectively. All the cutting treatments reduced the seed yield significantly with the production of green fodder as compared to un-cut check crop. Cutting at ground level produced maximum green fodder but lowest seed yield. Also plant height, number of pods per plant were gradually reduced and the maturity was delayed by cutting as compared to control (un-cut) crop. It has been concluded from the results obtained that cutting reduced the yield components, seed yield and delayed the maturity of chickpea crop by effecting its physiological growth of the plant under arid condition of D.I.Khan.
  Abdul Rashid and Muhammad Aslam Khan
  Except rain fall, all the environmental variables had significant correlation with bacterial blight disease severity during 1997 and 1998. The correlation of weekly air temperature (maxlminl, soil temperature and pH was significant with bacterial blight disease severity recorded on majority of cotton linesivarieties. Weekly rain fall and wind speed had poor correlation with bacterial blight disease severity. The correlation of relative humidity with disease severity recorded on AU-59, B-874, MS-95 and S-152-93 was significant, while there was no correlation of this environmental variable with bacterial blight recorded on other varieties. Weekly air and soil temperature and soil pH need to be studied further to characterize environmental conditions conducive for bacterial blight disease development in epidemic form.
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