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Articles by A.R. Ali-Arab
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.R. Ali-Arab
  M. Tabari , A. Salehi and A.R. Ali-Arab
  A case study was undertaken to assess the long-term effects of irrigation with municipal waste water on heavy metals contamination of soil and leaf of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) trees. For this purpose, a field study was conducted at two sites irrigated by waste water and well water in the suburban areas of Tehran, Iran. Samples of irrigation water, soil and tree leaf were collected and were analyzed for Mn, Fe, Cr and Cd concentrations. Results indicated that municipal waste water had higher significantly (p<0.01) amount of Mn, Fe and Cr compared to well water. These heavy metals in waste water were upon the internationally recommended (WHO) maximum permissible limits set for land use. Heavy metals accumulation of soil was significantly greater in waste water-irrigated site and in depth of 0-15 cm. The mean of heavy metals concentration in soil was below the standard for all heavy metals. Fe and Mn concentrations in leaf of trees irrigated with waste water were significantly greater than those in well water but without risk. Cr and Cd were not detected in leaves and also Cd in water and soil samples. It was concluded that the use of waste water in irrigation might enriched soils with heavy metals to concentrations that may pose potential environmental and health risks in the long-term. Hence regulations about the utilization of waste water in irrigation should consider for control heavy metals content that may be added to soil, in order to minimize the risk of negative effects to ecosystem health.
  M. Tabari , Jalali , Gh. A , A.R. Ali-Arab , M. Akbarinia and S.M. Hosseini
  Abstract: Due to failure of oak (Quercus castaneifolia C.A. Meyer) natural regeneration, investigation on the best acorn sowing depth of this species under different levels of canopy cover is an important consideration in the Caspian forests, north of Iran. For this purpose, a study site with north-facing slope, clay-loam soil and 260-280 m a.s.l. was chosen in a mixed oak forest. The experiment was conducted as a Complete Randomized Split Plot Design (CRSPD) and the measurements made in one growing season in nine fenced circular 1000 m2 plots with three canopy densities (25, 50 and 75%) at three soil depths (5, 10 and 15 cm). The results revealed that under all canopy densities the maximum seedling emergence occurred at 5 cm depth. The highest emergence rate was appeared in June and the lowest in October. Neither canopy density nor sowing depth did prominently reduce seedling establishment, but a high quotient of mortality likely could be attributed to rodent populations, particularly Hystrix indica. Under all canopies, ground line diameter decreased with increasing sowing depth, the biggest being at 5 cm depth. Neither canopy density nor sowing depth influenced the seedling height. It can be concluded that the best performance of Q. castaneifolia seedling occurs at 5 cm sowing depth and 25% canopy cover.
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