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Articles by A.M. Wakawa
Total Records ( 3 ) for A.M. Wakawa
  W.I. Musa , L. Sa`idu , B.Y. Kaltungo , U.B. Abubakar and A.M. Wakawa
  The introduction of commercial poultry in Nigeria has rapidly revolutionarised the poultry industry over the years. This has increasingly raised concern in poultry waste disposal. About 932.5 metric tonnes of commercial poultry manure are annually produced in Nigeria. Ammonia gas is majorly a product of poultry manure and to some extent green house gases. Pathogenic microorganisms can thrive in poultry wastes. These constitute environmental and health hazards to livestock and the teeming population. The concern on how to manage poultry wastes under intensive production systems led to the discovery of suitable poultry droppings and moist absorbents referred to as litter materials. Caging birds may soon become unethical, wood shavings and saw dust are most popular but are increasingly used to manufacture other wood products, alternative litter materials are seasonally available, poultry litter is effectively utilized as nitrogen based fertilizer and livestock feed supplement, therefore, the demand and price for litter materials is magnified. Thus, farmers cannot secure enough good quality litter material for their birds. Economic losses due to poor litter are significantly high. In view of these therefore, careful selection, adequate management and proper storage and utilization of poultry litter are of paramount importance to reduce environmental pollution, disease spread and economic losses associated with poultry litter.
  L. Saidu , A.M. Wakawa , P.A. Abdu , D.F. Adene , H.M. Kazeem , K.C. Ladan , M. Abdu , R.B. Miko , M.Y. Fatihu , J. Adamu and P.H. Mamman
  Cases of Avian Influenza (AI) outbreaks reported and confirmed were extracted from the records of control committees on AI in Kano and Katsina States, Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Pan-African Control of Epizootics (PACE) project office at Kaduna. Information on Al outbreaks in Jigawa State were obtained through a questionnaire. A total of 480,378 birds were lost in 34 outbreaks in the four states under study between the period of January and March 2006. Chickens accounted for more than 99% of all the birds affected followed by guinea fowls and turkeys. More than 60% of the birds affected were adults. The concentrations of poultry farms in Kano metropolis particularly along Gwarzo road where the epidemic was first noticed might have been responsible for the fast spread of the disease within Kano metropolis. It is a common practice to find geese, muscovey ducks and turkeys in one farm in the study area. This practice makes the chickens and turkeys more prone to the disease. From the tract of outbreaks It is possible that the disease spread from Jigawa State to Kano state and from Kano State to other States in the study area and other parts of the country through trade in live birds and poultry by products. For proper diagnosis and control of AI in Nigeria, poultry farmers should be educated on the necessity for prompt disease reporting to veterinarians and appropriate authorities.
  U.B. Abubakar , Musa I. Waziri , L. Sa`idu , S.N.A. Sa`idu and A.M. Wakawa
  The rapid development of the poultry industry in Nigeria has resulted in an increase in the demand for poultry litter materials. Wood shaving is the most common and effective litter material used by the poultry industry in Nigeria though sawdust is also used to some extent by small poultry producers. The management of the deep litter in a poultry house is of the greatest importance and seems to be one of the most neglected aspects of poultry husbandry in Nigeria. It is frightening to see broilers, layers and breeders maintained throughout the winter months on accumulation of their own droppings. Parasitic and bacterial infection are highly likely and the most serious consequences of all are in breeder houses where wet litter can have a calamitous effect on the feet of the cocks causing accumulations of infected litter on the feet and subsequently leading to a fall in the level of fertility. Farmers here in Nigeria tend to pay little attention to litter management and concentrate on nutrition and disease control. The adoption of an appropriate strategy for litter management aiming at optimizing both bird performance and cost of production largely depends on the availability and good quality bedding material at affordable cost. The economic significance of good litter management practices are hereby highlighted in this study.
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