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Articles by A.L. Latiffah
Total Records ( 3 ) for A.L. Latiffah
  A.L. Latiffah and P. Hanachi
  This study aimed to determine the association between anthropometric measurement and dyslipidemia and their association with hypertension among older people. A cross sectional study was done among the residents in two old folks homes (Rumah Seri Kenangan Cheras and Little Sisters of the Poor) in urban Malaysia using a pre-tested guided questionnaire. Measurements taken were the blood pressure level, height and weight measurement and lipid profile. There were 92 respondents participated in the study. The prevalence of hypertension was 51.1%. The study found significant association between anthropometric measurement and hypertension although there was no difference in waist hip ratio measurement among hypertensive and normotensive individuals. Level of total cholesterol, LDL-C and triglycerides were significantly higher among hypertensive individuals compared to normotensive individuals. The prevalence rate of hypertension among residents in this study is higher compared to the national prevalence rate among the older adults. Appropriate invention programmes should be reinforced to reduce the complications of hypertension especially among institutionalized elderly.
  A.L. Latiffah , P. Hanachi and S. Khania
  The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among University Putra Malaysia (UPM) retirees in Klang Valley, Malaysia. This study was conducted among UPM retirees aged 50 years and above. Seventy-three respondents (males n = 62, females n = 11) were selected randomly and interviewed using a pre-designed questionnaire to collect information on the above variables. Blood pressure and anthropometric parameters measurement were done using standardized technique. Prevalence of hypertension was 32.88% in males and 36.36% in females, with the highest proportion among those aged 70 years and above (75%). Isolated systolic hypertension was detected in 50% hypertensive subjects. The mean systolic blood pressure was 133.73±16.35 mmHg with a significant difference observed in age group and various ethnics (p<0.05). The mean diastolic blood pressure was 81.99±9.46 mmHg. Among hypertensive subjects, 70.83% were aware of their hypertension and 82.35% (14) were currently under treatment. Among ever diagnosed hypertensive, 73.33% were currently under treatment and a mere 40.91% achieved blood pressure control. Factors found to be significantly associated with hypertension were literacy (χ2 = 16.51, df = 2, p<0.05) and previous job (χ2 = 8.82, df = 1, p<0.05). The prevalence of hypertension in this study was high. It is highly recommend that proper screening of blood pressure should be emphasized among the retirees to increase their awareness on the importance of blood pressure control and to improve lifestyle modification of hypertension.
  W.F. Khaw , S.T.S. Hassan and A.L. Latiffah
  The 36-item short form (SF-36) health survey is the most popular generic HRQOL instrument that has been widely used to measure several population studies and variety of health conditions, including hypertension. The objectives of this study were to compare the HRQOL of hypertensive patients with that of a general population norm and analyze differences according to the presence of comorbid conditions such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular comorbidities. A total of 388 hypertensive patients was included in this cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic information and the presence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular comorbidities were recorded. HRQOL was assessed by using SF-36 instrument. General linear models were used to identify statistically significant differences in scale scores. Hypertensive patients reported lower scores in six SF-36 dimensions except bodily pain and role emotional dimension when compared with Malaysian norms. After adjusting for socio-demographic variables (age, gender, education and employment), SF-36 scores in the presence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular comorbidities were comparably limited and both had statistically significantly lower scores than hypertensive patients without comorbidities. Hypertension reduced HRQOL and cardiovascular comorbidities exacerbate reductions. Hence, future research of effective interventions should include ensuring desirable HRQOL as well as controlling blood pressure to prevent or reduce comorbidities of hypertension.
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