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Articles by A.I. Daneji
Total Records ( 5 ) for A.I. Daneji
  B.A. Shinkafi and A.I. Daneji
  This study was carried out to gain knowledge on some aspects of reproduction of S. eupterus from River Rima which includes sexual dimorphism, size at first maturity, morphology of the gonads, gonad maturation stages and reproductive cycle. The study was conducted between November 2005 and December 2008. 1,610 samples, comprising of 781 females, 816 males and 13 samples whose sexes could not be identified were examined, giving a female: male ratio of almost 1:1. Means of total length and total weight for females was 10.66±1.61 cm and 18.04±6.39 g, respectively. For males, means of total length and total weight were 10.13±1.29 cm and 13.21±6.02 g, respectively. Sexual dimorphism was observed with the females larger than males and males possessing genital papilla. Size at first maturity for females 7.20 cm total length and 5.70 g total weight and 7.00 cm and 5.10 g in males. Female gonads were larger than those of males. In both sexes, the left gonads were slightly larger than the right ones. Based on macroscopic examination of gonads, six stages of gonad maturation were established in both sexes. Multiple spawning was confirmed for the species, with the peak spawning period between July and September in River Rima.
  S. Yatswako , O.O. Faleke , M.L. Gulumbe and A.I. Daneji
  A cross-sectional study was conducted on the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Balantidium coli cysts in fecal samples from semi-intensively managed pigs in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria between November 2005 and July, 2006. A total of 632 households with human population of 5905 were identified in seven pig- rearing locations in the study area while 105(16.6%) of these households with human population of 1105(18.7%) reared a total number of 3895 pigs. Physical randomization was used to select 50% representative samples of pig-rearing households and pigs for this study. Out of the 402 pigs from 55 households, 207(51.5%) pigs were positive for Balantidium coli cysts, 56(13.9%) for Cryptosporidium oocysts while mixed infection was observed in 29(7.2%). There is significance difference in the distribution of the two parasites in the pigs surveyed (p< 0.05). Young pigs were most affected with infection rates of 33(58.9%) Cryptosporidium oocysts, 113(54.6%) Balantidium coli cysts and 17(58.6%) mix infection. Human fecal samples collected from 53 individuals revealed 3(5.7%) positive cases of Cryptosporidium oocysts all in young ones while a positive case of Balantidium coli cyst infection was found in an adult female. Water and soil samples from two areas were also found to contain both organisms. The semi-intensive system of pig rearing which allowed pigs to scavenge and defecate about, defective personal and environmental hygiene couple with the usage of untreated pig feaces as manure on vegetable farms in the study area can enhance the spread of these zoonotic diseases in human population.
  A. Aruwayo , S.A. Maigandi , B.S. Malami , A.I. Daneji , L.A. Saulawa and M.G. Garba
  The study was conducted to evaluate the growth performance and nutrient digestibility of fattening Uda rams fed Alkali treated neem kernel cake. The experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of Usmanu Danfodiyo University. Sixteen Uda rams were randomly allotted to treatment diets A, B, C and D with 0, 8.33, 16.67 and 24.99% levels of inclusion of ATNKC, respectively. The study lasted for 105 days consisting of 84 days feeding trial and 21 days of digestibility trial which comprised of 14 days for adaption and seven days for collection of feaces. The dry matter digestibility for all the nutrients in the control and test diets was comparable. The performance of the sheep in treatment B recorded the best ADG of 166.67g/day and highest dry matter intake in treatment A. It was recommended in the study that alkali treated neem kernel cake can be safely included in feed of sheep up to 24.99% for the rams.
  E.A. Ogunsan , J.K. Ipinjolu , A.I. Daneji , D.O. Ehizibolo , A.U. Junaidu , U.M. Chafe and F.M. Tambuwal
  In an experiment conducted to determine the effect of including Monechma ciliatum (MC) in the diet of rabbit at 0 (control) 10, 20 and 30% levels, the results showed that increasing the level of supplementation of MC beyond 10% decreased feed intake and subsequently live weight gain. Dry matter digestibility also follow similar pattern. The least cost of feed per kilogram (kg) live weight gain of $0.75 also occurred at the 10% inclusion level of MC. Although, blood parameters differed between treatments, they were mostly within physiological limits, suggesting no adverse effects in feeding MC to the animals.
  A.O. Fajinmi , O.O. Faleke , A.A. Magaji , A.I. Daneji and M. Gweba
  A survey for the prevalence of trypanosomes species and the anemic status of trade cattle presented for slaughtering at Sokoto main abattoir, Northwest Nigeria was conducted between January and June, 2008. Blood samples were collected at ante-mortem via jugular vein and examined by Standard Trypanosome Detection Methods (STDM). Anaemic status was determined by Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and FAMACHA® Anaemic Guide technique while Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique was used to detect the presence of Trypanosoma brucei group. Out of 500 samples analyzed by STDM, 9 (1.8%) were positive out of which 6 (66.7%) had Trypanosoma vivax. The PCR technique detected 22 (4.4%) positive cases of Trypanosoma brucei group while 45 (9.0%) cattle were anaemic using the PCV and FAMACHA® techniques, respectively and White Fulani breed had the highest infection rate with 5 (55.6%) cases. These findings are significant as the study area has earlier been declared as tsetse free zone, transhumant activities as practice largely by the cattle herders may be responsible for these detections. Presence of other mechanical vectors may lead to rapid spread of the infection which may have adverse effects on productivity of the animals with resultant economic losses. The detection of the T. brucei group in the examined trade cattle may also portend danger to public health as some ruminants and pigs have been incriminated as reservoir hosts of the Human African Trypanosomosis (HAT) agents in some parts of Africa. Statewide surveillance is therefore, needed to establish the true prevalence of the infection in all domesticated animals in the study area.
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