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Articles by A.A. Makinde
Total Records ( 2 ) for A.A. Makinde
  A.A. Makinde , N.J. Bello , F.O. Olasantan , M.A. Adebisi and H.A. Adeniyi
  Seasonality and crop combination effects performance of two sorghum cultivars in sorghum/maize/okra intercrop in a forest-savanna transition zone of Nigeria was investigated. Total 5 phenological stages of sorghum formed the basic unit of time for the investigation. During these phenological stages, agroclimatological indices were measured daily and processed into 10 days averages likewise selected agronomic parameters of the components crops were taken. The plants were intercropped in simple Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) fitted into split plot arrangements with three replicates in two field trials. The results showed that the season 2010 crops had relatively longer growth duration, received more rainfall than season 2009 (692 vs. 487.2 mm) while 2009 experienced warmer temperature during establishment cum early vegetative stage than 2010 season (33.2 vs. 32°C) and (28.5 vs. 27°C) during the reproductive phase for season 2009 and 2010, respectively. The mean grain yields of sorghum cultivars were significantly higher in the season 2009 especially in okra combination than in the season 2010. Perhaps, this was due to higher mean soil temperature of 28 and 26°C at 5 and 20 cm in 2009 season compared with season 2010 when mean soil temperature was 27 and 25°C at 5 and 20 cm, respectively.
  J.S. Dalis , H.M. Kazeem , A.A. Makinde , M.Y. Fatihu and G.Y. Dashe
  A study was carried out to determine bacteria associated with pathology of bovine dermatophilosis in north central Nigeria. Skin samples obtained from 211 cattle with skin lesions suspected to be dermatophilosis were processed for bacteriology and histopathology. One hundred and sixty seven (79.1%) samples were positive for Dermatophilus congolensis, while 44 (20.9%) were negative. Both D. congolensis positive and negative samples were processed for isolation of other bacteria and the data was analyzed using χ2-test. Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus sp., Corynebacterium sp., Escherichia coli, Proteus and Pseudomonas sp. were isolated from both D. congolensis positive and D. congolensis negative scabs. However, the rate of recovery of S. aureus from D. congolensis positive cattle was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the rate of its recovery from D. congolensis negative cattle. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between the occurrence of the other isolates in D. congolensis positive and negative cattle. Histopathology revealed hyperplasia of the epidermis, parakeratosis, necrosis, cellular infiltration of the hair follicles and papillary dermis, diffuse cellular infiltration of the reticular dermis and folliculitis were also observed in some sections. It was concluded that the histopathological lesions observed could be due to D. congolensis complicated by secondary bacterial infection. The need to investigate the role of bacteria particularly that of S. aureus in the development of bovine dermatophilosis was emphasized.
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