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Articles by A.A. Elujoba
Total Records ( 3 ) for A.A. Elujoba
  K.P. Osemene , A.A. Elujoba and M.O. Ilori
  The research pattern in medicinal plants and traditional medicine practices in Nigeria is largely unknown. Hence this study examined such research patterns with a view to determining how the country fared in herbal medicine research and development and also to assess the implication of such findings on the health care system in Nigeria. Factors that mar herbal medicine research were discussed. Descriptive analytical technique was adopted in analyzing the secondary data obtained from the book of abstracts of published research findings on Nigerian medicinal plants and traditional medicines practices for 35 years (1970-2005). Results showed that the most researched areas were in the anti-infective drugs, gastro-intestinal tract drugs, analgesics, cardiovascular drugs, hypoglycemic and mollucicidal in that order. The study also revealed that much research is yet to be done in other vital areas such as hormones, anti-viral agents, Ear Nose and Throat (ENT), hemorrhoids and neurological disorder. Thus, it recommended among other things that herbal medicine research and development should be intensified in the above mentioned least-researched areas if Nigeria intends to meet the health challenges of the 21st century especially the Millennium Development Goals for 2015.
  K.P. Osemene , A.A. Elujoba and M.O. Ilori
  This study assessed attributes of herbal and orthodox medicines such as affordability, packaging, availability, efficacy, safety, side-effects and level of advertisement in print and electronic media which were hitherto neglected. Structured questionnaires and interview schedule were the instruments used to elicit information from 300 herbal and orthodox medicine consumers selected from six geo-political zones in Nigeria through a purposive and convenient sampling method. Data were analyzed with appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the respondents rated herbal medicines higher than orthodox medicines in terms of safety and the degree of advertisement. Other parameters were rated higher for orthodox medicines. The mean values of all parameters were significant at p≤0.05. Also only 41% of the respondents took herbal medicines as their first drug of choice. This is contrary to the widely held view in literature that >80% of the population in developing countries takes only herbal medicines.
  A.T. Oladele , A.A. Elujoba and A.O. Oyelami
  Superficial fungal infections could be worrisome in hot tropical climates; there is the need to develop affordable treatment option to stem the menace. We report the clearance effects of three (3) locally prepared herbal soaps (A, B and C) on superficial fungal infections in this study. Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) and Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) were used to constitute the soap base. A total of 67 subjects with pronounced superficial skin lesions were recruited, prepared herbal soaps were administered randomly on the subjects, monitored for four consecutive weeks and levels of lesion clearance monitored and recorded. Microscopic examination of the skin peels reveals the presence of Cryptococcus and Epidermophyton species. Results showed that the herbal soaps completely cleared the skin lesions without visible edge in the order A (61.1%), B (52.9%), C (31.6%) and Control (0.0%). Skin infections were found to be associated with socio-economic status of the subjects and were common among the young adults. Comparative statistical analysis of the means, using paired sample student t-test showed significant differences in the herbal soaps except between A and B 0.544 (p≤0.05). The 3% w/w concentration of soap A was found to have better prospect among the three tested herbal soaps. Cultivation of Senna alata was recommended for sustainable commercial production of soap A in a resource-limiting setting like Nigeria.
 
 
 
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