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Articles by A. Moeintaghavi
Total Records ( 3 ) for A. Moeintaghavi
  H.R. Arab , N. Sargolzaie , A. Moeintaghavi , H. Ghanbari and Z. Abdollahi
  The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of prophylactic prescription of amoxicillin (Regimen B: 2 g, 1.5 h before surgery) compared with conventional dosage (Regimen A: 500 mg tid) on post surgical complications. A double blind randomized split mouth design study conducted on 21 patients with severe periodontitis who were referred to the periodontics department or the special clinic of Mashhad Faculty of Dentistry, Iran. All the patients must have at least two quadrants with equal disease severity in one dental arch which needed periodontal surgery. After surgery patients randomly received one of the two antibiotic regimens. Post-surgical complications like: pain, swelling and bleeding were recorded on a specified questionnaire. Fifteen patients after antibiotic therapy with regimen A and 17 patients after receiving regimen B had pain. There was not significant difference between two regimens. Occurrence of bleeding after surgery was similar in two regimens (3 of 21 patients in each group). The use of regimen B demonstrated a slightly higher rate of swelling and fever (42.9% and 28.6%, respectively) than regimen A (38.01% and 19% respectively). Despite these trends, no statistically significant relationship was found between post surgical swelling and fever and any of treatment modalities. With regard to the result of this study and considering the cost and hazards of consuming antibiotics, their routine use during or following periodontal surgery must be questioned. Further large scale, controlled clinical studies are warranted to determine the role of perioperative antibiotics in the prevention of periodontal post-surgical infections.
  N. Sargolzaei , H.R. Arab , A. Moeintaghavi , H. Ghanbari , A. Rigi and M. Hosseini Hoshyar
  The major aim of periodontal treatment is reconstruction of broken tissues and maintenance of periodontal health. Different chemotherapeutic agents are used to change the host response to bacterial irritants along with nonsurgical and surgical periodontal therapies. Doxycycline is one of these agents used widely due to its anticollagenolytic and antibacterial properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term usage of low dose doxycycline after periodontal surgery in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. In this study, 30 patients with chronic periodontitis were selected. After initial therapy and periodontal surgery, all patients were recalled and Probing Depth (PD), Attachment Level (AL) and Bleeding on Probing (BOP) indices were measured. Then they randomly allocated to test and control groups. In the test group (15 patients) all patients received 90 capsules (20 mg doxycycline) to use one cap per day for the following 3 month. The controls received the same shape and color placebo capsules. All the patients were recalled after one and 3 month and the above mentioned parameters were recorded again. The results showed significant reduction in PD and AL in the test group. Bop did not change significantly in both groups. PD and CAL increased in the control group but these increases were significant only for PD. The results of this study showed that the use of low dose doxycycline along with supportive periodontal treatment and oral hygiene during maintenance period can improve the clinical parameters.
  N. Sargolzai , A. Moeintaghavi , M. Sanatkhani , H.R. Arab and H. Bazyar
  The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal diseases and C reactive protein level. Fifteen patients (7 male, 8 female, mean age 34±11.6) with chronic periodontitis and 15 ages and sex matched (7 male, 8 female and mean age 29±10.4) periodontally healthy subjects recruited from the patients referred to the department of periodontics, Mashhad Faculty of Dentistry. In all the patients and controls Body Mass Index (BMI) was under 30 kg m-2. Periodontal probing depth of Ramfjord teeth were recorded for both groups. Peripheral blood samples were collected and sent to the laboratory to determine the amount of CRP using a semi-quantititative method. The amount of CRP in the test group was 4.1 mg L-1. In the control group it was 0.18 mg L-1. CRP in the test group was significantly higher than the control group (p = 0.008). There was no significant correlation between the mean pocket depth and the CRP levels. Sex and age did not affect the amount of plasma CRP. Periodontal diseases can increase the amount of plasma CRP. This might be due to the infective nature of periodontal diseases.
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