Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by Zuprizal
Total Records ( 16 ) for Zuprizal
  Sri Kismiati , Tri Yuwanta , Zuprizal and Supadmo
  The aim of the research was to study the microstructure changes of egg shell waste treated with H3PO4 and its effect on in vitro solubility and egg shell quality of laying hens. Egg shell waste was soaked in water with the temperature of 80°C, drained and divided into 4 parts. Part 1 was sun dried (control), part 2 was soaked in H3PO4 3%, part 3 was soaked in H3PO4 4% and part 4 was soaked in H3PO4 5%. Furthermore, egg shells were drained, sun dried and then grinded to a particle size of 1 and 3 mm and used in the feed of laying hens. A total of 96 twenty-five weeks old of laying hens (ISA Brown strain) were divided into 8 experimental dietary treatment in 4 x 2 factorial arrangements with 3 replication. Results of the research showed that the concentration of H3PO4 effected on egg shell microstructure changes and interaction of H3PO4 3 and 4% and particle size 1 mm was increased in vitro solubility. Concentration of H3PO4 and particle size had not significantly effect (P>0.05) on calcium intake, egg shell weight and egg shell percentage but significantly effect (P<0.05) on phosphorus intake and egg shell thickness. Egg shell thickness was increased at H3PO4 5% and particle size 3 mm. The research concluded that H3PO4 resulted in microstructure changes and in vitro solubility but did not change the quality of the egg shell, except egg shell thickness.
  Elly Tugiyanti , Tri Yuwanta , Zuprizal and Rusman
  Tenderness is determined by the growth and size of muscle fibers, which can be arranged through the feed. The current study was designed to investigate protein and metabolic energy level on performance including meat quality and muscle fiber size of male muscovy ducks. Five protein levels and metabolic energy of feed treatments (13% and 2300 kcal/kg, 15% and 2500 kcal/kg, 17% and 2700 kcal/kg, 19% and 2900 kcal/kg, 21% and 3100 kcal/kg) and 100 male dod of muscovy ducks were administered in this research. Protein and metabolic energy level significantly affected (p<0.01) carcass weight, feed conversion ratio, abdominal fat percentage, physical meat quality and muscle fiber diameter. Feed with 21% protein and 3100 kcal/kg metabolic energy resulted in good performance (1342.60±2243.62 carcass weight, 4.00±0.64 feed conversion and 68.86±5.59% carcass percentage), physical meat quality and large muscle fiber diameter of 50.59 μm, but comparatively high abdominal fat level of 5.60±0.71.
  Sundari , Zuprizal , Tri Yuwanta and Ronny Martien
  This research investigated the effects of levels turmeric extract nanocapsule or nanoparticle (NP) in ration on broiler performance and fat deposition. Seventy-two Lohmann broilers chicks were randomly divided into 6 treatments with 3 replications, each complied 4 broilers. Six treatments were Basal ration+bacitracin 50 ppm (T0), Basal-Ration/BR (T1), BR+nanocapsule 0.2% (T2), BR+nanocapsule 0.4% (T3), BR+nanocapsule 0.6% (T4), BR+nanocapsule 0.8% (T5). The analyzed variables covered production performances (feed consumption, weight gain, feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass weight), fats deposition (abdominal fat, subcutaneous fat, EPA, DHA, total cholesterol). The data were subject to one way ANOVA analysis followed by Duncan test in case of significant effect. Results showed that the nanocapsule levels significantly (p<0.01) affected abdominal fat, increased meat EPA and DHA. It showed significant (p<0.05) effects on subcutaneous fat, total cholesterol of liver and weight gain, but no significant (p>0.05) effects on feed consumption, FCR and carcass weight. Accordingly, 0.4% turmeric extract nanocapsule, equal to 50 ppm bacitracin, was a compatible feed additive for broiler chicken ration to improve the meat quality of DHA-enriched and least-subcutaneous fat without negatively affecting performance.
  Sri Purwanti , Zuprizal , Tri Yuwanta and Supadmo
  This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of turmeric water extract, garlic and combination of turmeric and garlic as a feed additive in the broiler diet on performance and duodenum histomorphology. Affectivity of treatments was assessed by addition of phytobiotic (control, 015% zinc bacitracin, 2.5% TE, 2.0% GE, 2.5% TGE) which were arranged in a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The variables measured were duodenum histomorphology (villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth, ratio villi height to crypt depth) and performances (body weight gain, feed intake, FCR). Results showed that diet with 2.5% of TE, 2.0% of GE and 2.5% of TGE significantly increased (p<0.01) the duodenum histomorphology as compared to positive control and negative control. The highest villi height was attained by feeding 2.5% TGE (1726.67 μm) and villi surface area (5054.17 μm2.) and the lowest was attained by feeding positive control 1005 μm and 1395.66 μm2.No significant differences (P > 0.05), were observed in body weight gain and FCR beetwen different treatments, but the negative control feed intake increased significantly (P < 0.05), compared to the positive control. The research concluded that the incorporation of 2.5% TE, 2% GE and combined 2.5% TGE as feed additive enhanced duodenum histomorphology without no side effects on performances in broiler chicks.
  Ahmad Subhan , Tri Yuwanta , Zuprizal and Supadmo
  This research was conducted to evaluate apple snails as a source of fatty acids in Alabio duck feed. There are 180 female Alabio ducks, 22 weeks old, placed in 9 levels of using apple snails in feed R0 (control), R1 (2.5% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R2 (5% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R3 (7.5%, 2.5% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R4 (10% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R5 (2.5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed), R6 (5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed), R7 (7.5%, 2.5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed) and R8 (10% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed), which are arranged based on a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The variables that are measured were carcass weight, feed conversion, egg production, blood cholesterol profile (triglycerides, LDL, HDL and cholesterol), as well as meat and egg cholesterol. The research results reveal that using apple snails in Alabio duck feed has increase significantly (p<0.05) egg production, feed conversion, as well as a reduction in LDL level, meat cholesterol and egg cholesterol. However, no significant difference (p>0.05) was observed towards carcass weight, abdominal fat, triglycerides, HDL and blood cholesterol. A subsequent test is done with a Duncan Multiple Range Test to show that using at least 5% of swampy apple snails produce the highest egg production with the lowest meat and egg cholesterol levels.
  Zuprizal , Tri Yuwanta , Supadmo , Andri Kusmayadi , Ari Kusuma Wati , Ronny Martien and Sundari
  This research investigated the effects of liquid turmeric extract nanocapsule levels in drinking water on broiler performance and total cholesterol. Eighty-four Lohmann broilers chicks were randomly divided into 7 treatments with 3 replications, each with 4 broilers. Seven treatments were drinking water (DW) + additive bacitracin 12 mg/1000 ml (P1), DW only (P2), DW + 2% nanocapsule (P3), DW + 4% nanocapsule (P4), DW + 6% nanocapsule (P5), DW + 8% nanocapsule (P6) and DW + 10% nanocapsule (P7). The analyzed variables covered production performances (weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and water consumption) and total cholesterol (serum, meat and liver). The data were subject to one-way ANOVA analysis followed by Duncan’s test in case of significant effect. The results showed that nanocapsule levels significantly (p<0.05) affected on weight gain, feed consumption, total cholesterol of meat and liver. It showed no significant (p>0.05) effects on feed conversion, water consumption and total cholesterol of serum. Accordingly, 2% liquid turmeric extract nanocapsule, equal to 1.73 mg/100 ml curcumin, was a compatible feed additive for drinking water of broiler chicken to improve the feed efficiency and total cholesterol of meat and liver without negatively affecting performance.
  Deki Zulkarnain , Zuprizal , Wihandoyo and Supadmo
  Background and Objective: The dominant content of crude fibre is cellulose and if it is used as a feed ingredient, cellulase enzyme must be added. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of using sago waste with cellulase enzyme as a local feed ingredient on the production performance of broiler chickens. Materials and Methods: Three hundred Day Old Chickens (DOC) broiler strain CP 707 were kept in enclosed litter cages. There were 30 cage plots. The size of each plot was (1×1) m2. The cage wall was made of metal. The wall height was 0.5 m. Each plot was equipped with a feeding and drinking container. There were10 DOC broilers in every plot with six replications. The treatment for this research was sago waste with cellulase enzyme at 0.75 g kg–1 sago waste. The sago waste is added at levels of 0.00, 5.00, 10.00, 15.00 and 20.00% of total feed. The variables measured in this research were feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion, the abdominal fat weight, the percentage of abdominal fat and fatty meat. The data were analyzed by using a one-way ANOVA with a Completely Randomized Design and if there was a difference between treatments (p<0.05), Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was used. Results: The results of this research show that the addition of sago waste with cellulase enzyme in the feed did not significantly influence consumption and fat content of the meat of 35 days old broiler chickens but did significantly influence body weight gain, feed conversion, the weight of abdominal fat and percentage of abdominal fat of 35 days old broiler chickens (p<0.05). Conclusion: Sago waste with cellulase enzyme as a broiler feed ingredient can improve body weight gain as well as decrease feed conversion, the weight of abdominal fat and the percentage of abdominal fat. It is more effective if it is used at a level of 15% of total broiler feed and it does not have a negative effect on feed consumption and fat content of 35 days old broiler chicken meat.
  Theresia Nur Indah Koni , Zuprizal , Rusman and Chusnul Hanim
  Background and Objective: Amorphophallus campanulatus (AC) can be used for food and as animal feed but its utilization is limited because of the high content of oxalate and low crude protein it contains. Fermentation by oxalolytic bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), which produce the oxalate decarboxylase enzyme, has been used to improve the nutritive value of AC. The present study was conducted to improve the nutritive quality of AC through fermentation using Bacillus subtilis. Materials and Methods: AC was incubated for three different lengths of time 7, 14 and 21 days with 3 replicates of each treatment. The parameters observed included the dry matter, crude protein, fat and fiber contents, as well as Ca, P and oxalate contents. Data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance using a completely randomized design. Results: Results showed that the length of the incubation period significantly affected oxalate content (p<0.05). Fermentation with Bacillus subtilis decreased the oxalate content of Amorphophallus by 53.2, 50.4 and 41.2% at 7, 14 and 21 days of incubation time, respectively, when compared with raw Amorphophallus (315.8 mg/100 g) and increased crude fat content (p<0.05). Additionally, the lowest crude fat was found in AC with 14 days of incubation time. However, there were no significant effects on dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, Ca and P (p>0.05). Conclusion: Fermentation using Bacillus subtilis with an incubation length of 7 days was the best treatment for improving the nutrient value of AC.
  Charles V. Lisnahan , Wihandoyo , Zuprizal and Sri Harimurti
  Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of methionine and lysine to feed based on cafeteria standards of native chickens on their growth performance (0-6 weeks). Materials and Methods: A total of 288 days-old native chickens (DOC) were used in this study. The DOC were divided into 4 treatments groups with 4 replications. The treatment diets were T0 and T1 (according to cafeteria and NRC standards) and T2 and T3, which were based on cafeteria standards with the addition of 0.14% methionine and 0.40% lysine for T2 and 0.27% methionine and 0.79% lysine for T3. The data collected were feed intake, body weight, feed conversion ratio and carcass as a percentage of body weight. Results: The results showed that the feed intake of T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 516.97, 556.91, 621.79 and 654.30 g/bird/6 weeks, respectively. The body weights for each group were 219.09, 232.67, 267.16 and 284.61 g/bird/6 weeks, respectively. The feed conversion data were 2.79, 2.80, 2.66 and 2.61, respectively and the carcass percentages were 53.20, 52.75, 54.63 and 56.85%, respectively. Conclusion: Feed formulated to cafeteria standards with the addition of 0.27% methionine and 0.79% lysine (group T3) resulted in the best growth performance.
  Nur Widodo , Wihandoyo , Zuprizal and Nanung Danar Dono
  Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Binahong Leaf Meal (BLM) as a feed additive on the ileal bacteria and jejunal histomorphology of broiler chickens. Methodology: One hundred and ninety-two day old male broiler chickens were divided into six treatments groups of eight chickens each; each experiment was performed four times. The treatment groups were as follows: T0 (control negative), T1 (control positive; tetracycline 50 ppm), T2 (1% BLM), T3 (2% BLM), T4 (4% BLM) and T5 (8% BLM). Results: The addition of BLM significantly increased the amount of E. coli ileal bacteria, jejunum height and depth of jejunum crypts across groups T0-T5 (p<0.01). Addition of BLM significantly increased the amount of ileal lactic acid bacteria and width of jejunum villi across groups T0-T5 (p<0.05). Conclusion: The addition of 2% BLM increased the amount of E. coli ileal bacteria and ileal Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) and increased villi height and width and jejunum crypt depth in broiler chickens.
  Theresia Nur Indah Koni , Rusman , Chusnul Hanim and Zuprizal
  Background and Objective: Bacillus subtilis is a bacterium that can produce the oxalate decarboxylase (ODC) enzyme. This enzyme decomposes oxalate. ODC enzyme activity is influenced by temperature and pH. This study was conducted to determine the optimum pH and temperature for ODC enzyme activity in B. subtilis FNCC 0059. Materials and Methods: B. subtilis was cultivated in oxalate medium at different incubation temperatures for 24 h. The tested temperatures were 25, 29, 33, 37, 41 and 45°C. In separate experiments, cultures were grown in oxalate medium at varying pH from 4-8.5. The cell growth assay and enzyme activity were performed and all the experiments were done with 3 replicates. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. Results: The optimum temperature of 37°C could produce maximum ODC enzyme activity (0.041 U mL–1) enzyme activity increased to the point of the optimum pH and then decreased 5.6% when the pH was increased 0.5 from the optimum. Maximum ODC enzyme activity (0.0413 U mL–1) was achieved at pH 5.5. Conclusion: Temperature and the pH of the medium affected ODC enzyme activity. Optimum medium condition of B. subtilis was reached at 37°C and pH 5.5.
  Deki Zulkarnain , Zuprizal , Wihandoyo and Supadmo
  Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the amount of cellulase enzyme needed to optimize sago palm waste feed digestibility in vitro . This information can provide the basis for use of sago palm waste in broiler chicken feed. Methodology: Cellulase was added to the sago palm waste feed material at 5 different concentrations and five trials were conducted for each feed mixture. The parameters measured in this study were: in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) and in vitro crude protein digestibility (IVCPD). The metabolic energy, crude fiber and cellulose contents in sago palm waste were also determined. The resulting data were analyzed statistically with a directional completely randomized design. Results: Sago palm waste with cellulase added to 0.75 g cellulase kg–1 waste had the best IVDMD (35.94 vs 19.32% for 0 g cellulase) and IVOMD (35.25 vs 19.32% for 0 g cellulase) values. Optimal values for the crude fiber and cellulose content were also seen for 0.75 g cellulase kg–1 waste with a maximum reduction to 12.79% crude fiber content (decreased by 23.69% compared to untreated waste) and 7.91% cellulose content (decreased by 29.56% relative to untreated waste). The crude protein digestibility and sago palm waste metabolic energy content at various cellulase concentrations were similar but 0.75 g cellulose kg–1 sago palm waste produced optimal crude protein digestibility and metabolism content. Conclusion: Addition of cellulase enzyme to sago palm waste at 0.75 g cellulose kg–1 sago palm waste improves IVDMD and IVOMD. This amount of cellulase also produced the best crude fiber and cellulose contents. Together these results suggest that cellulase can be used to improve the qualities of sago palm waste as a feed for broiler chickens.
  Theresia Nur Indah Koni , Rusman , Chusnul Hanim and Zuprizal
  Background and Objective: The nutrient and anti-nutrient compositions of a foodstuff affects its utilization as food or feed. The nutrient contents of food ingredients are affected by the environmental conditions in which the plant was grown and oxalate in a foodstuff limits its utilization and exerts a negative effect on consumers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutrient value, minerals and anti-nutrient values in Amorphophallus campanulatus (A. campanulatus). Materials and Methods: The A. campanulatus tubers were collected from East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia and then cleaned, peeled, chopped, sun-dried for 2 days (at 30-32°C), milled into powder and then analyzed for the proximate and anti-nutrient contents. Results: The nutrient content of A. campanulatus flour included crude protein (1.126±0.101%), crude fat (1.173±0%) and crude fiber (3.447±0.142%). The detected minerals included P (1443.33±34.185 mg kg–1), Ca (8535.76±543.75 mg kg–1) and Mg (1512.39±89.28 mg kg–1). Anti-nutrient analysis indicated the presence of oxalates (318.51±3.2 mg kg–1), tannins (0.46±0.04%), cyanide (35878±0.402 ppm) and phytates (0.165±0.015%). Conclusion: These results revealed that A. campanulatus was high in mineral content but low in anti-nutrient content, so it can be used for food or feed.
  Charles V. Lisnahan , Wihandoyo , Zuprizal and Sri Harimurti
  Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effect of cafeteria standard feed supplemented with methionine and lysine on the growth performance of native chickens during the grower phase (6-14 weeks). Methodology: A total of 240 six week-old native chickens were randomly divided into 4 treatments and 4 replications, with 15 birds in each replicate. The dietary treatments were: T0 (feed based on cafeteria standard), T1 (feed based on protein standard of NRC), T2 (cafeteria feed+0.10% methionine+0.25% lysine), T3 (cafeteria feed+0.23% methionine+0.55% lysine). Feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio were measured over the 8 week growing period. At the end of the feeding trial, 32 birds were slaughtered and carcass percentages were determined. Results: Feed consumption of T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 2,671, 2,628, 2,722 and 2,805 g/bird/8 weeks, respectively. The body weight gain for the respective treatments was 692, 677, 747 and 780 g/bird/8 weeks whereas the feed conversion ratio was 3.86, 3.70, 3.65 and 3.60. The percentage of carcass for the four treatments was 59.50, 59.66, 61.36 and 61.55%, respectively. Conclusion: Treatment T3 that had supplementation with 0.23% methionine and 0.55% lysine produced the best growth performance.
  Zainal Choiri , N. Danar Dono , Bambang Ariyadi , Chusnul Hanim , Ronny Martien and Zuprizal
  Objective: This study aimed to analyze the effect of nano-encapsulation of noni (Morinda citrifolia) fruit extract in drinking water on antibacterial activity and the morphology of intestinal villi in laying hens. Materials and Methods: The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design consisting of 6 treatments and 5 replicates, with 12 chickens (20 weeks) in each replicate pen. The treatments were: P0 = Water without an additive (negative control), P1 = Water+50 mg/hen of tetracycline (positive control), P2 = Water+0.5% extract of noni fruit, P3 = Water+0.5% nano-encapsulation of noni fruit extract, P4 = Water+1% nano-encapsulation of noni fruit extract and P5 = Water+1.5% nano-encapsulation of noni fruit extract. At the end of the experiment (5 weeks), parameters included bacterial populations in the small intestine (Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella sp.) and the morphology of intestinal villi (villus height, villus width, crypt depth and villus height: Crypt depth) were observed. Data were analyzed statistically using one-way ANOVA. Orthogonal contrasts were used to analyze all data with significant differences. Results: The results showed that the addition of 1% nano-encapsulation of noni fruit extract in drinking water did not affect the morphology of the intestinal villi or the populations of Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella sp., but it reduced the population of Escherichia coli (p<0.05). Conclusion: Supplementation with nano-encapsulation of noni fruit extract in the drinking water of laying hens reduced colonization by Escherichia coli and might be used as an alternative to antibiotics in laying hens.
  C.S. Utama , Zuprizal , C. Hanim and Wihandoyo
  Objective: The aim of this study was to test the ability of Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum derived from fermented cabbage waste juice to acts as probiotics. Materials and Methods: Tests of probiotic ability included tests of bile salt resistance and pH resistance and tests of sensitive inhibition of Escherichia coli and Salmonella pullorum growth. Results: Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum derived from fermented cabbage waste juice were able to grow and develop at pH values from 2.5-5.5 and bile salt concentrations of 1-5%. Lactobacillus brevis was able to strongly inhibit Escherichia coli and Salmonella pullorum growth, while Lactobacillus plantarum showed very potent inhibition of Escherichia coli growth and potent inhibition of Salmonella pullorum growth. Conclusion: Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum derived from fermented cabbage waste juice are suitable for use as poultry probiotics.
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility