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Articles by Z. Ye
Total Records ( 2 ) for Z. Ye
  L. Chen , Q. Li , Z. Yang , Z. Ye , Y. Huang , M. He , J. Wen , X. Wang , B. Lu , J. Hu , C. Liu , C. Ling , S. Qu and R. Hu
  Aim  To assess the relationship between serum total osteocalcin and measurements of adiposity, glucose tolerance, lipid profile, adipokine and chronic low-grade inflammation in middle-aged and elderly Chinese subjects.

Methods  We performed a cross-sectional community-based study in central Shanghai. Serum total osteocalcin was measured by radioimmunoassay in 783 men and 946 post-menopausal women. Their associations with measurements of adiposity, glucose tolerance, lipid profile and chronic low-grade inflammation were examined.

Results  Serum total osteocalcin levels revealed a sexual dimorphism, with post-menopausal women having significantly higher levels than men (< 0.001). Serum osteocalcin levels of participants with self-reported cardiovascular disease were significantly lower (= 0.044) than those without. In men, serum osteocalcin levels of participants with the metabolic syndrome were significantly lower than those without the metabolic syndrome (= 0.036). Serum osteocalcin correlated negatively with fasting serum insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, alanine aminotransferase, triglycerides and total cholesterol, and positively with homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function in both men and post-menopausal women (all < 0.05). In men, serum osteocalcin correlated negatively with BMI, diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and 2-h oral glucose tolerance test glucose after adjustment for age (all < 0.05). In post-menopausal women, serum osteocalcin correlated negatively with waist-hip ratio, LDL cholesterol and C-reactive protein, and positively with adiponectin (all < 0.05). Serum osteocalcin was not associated with CXC chemokine ligand 5 level (> 0.05). Alanine aminotransferase was an independent predictor of serum osteocalcin in both men and post-menopausal women (both < 0.001). Adiponectin was an independent predictor of serum osteocalcin in post-menopausal women (= 0.011). Serum osteocalcin was an independent predictor of homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function in both genders (both < 0.05).

Conclusions

  Q. Y. Lin , H. Q. Yang , S. S. Xie , Y. H. Wang , Z. Ye and S. Q. Chen
  Thermography has been proved to be an effective technique for indicating breast disease abnormalities or risks. However, the abnormalities might not express clearly due to various factors, such as when a small tumour is located in a deep region, or environmental influences that make breast disease difficult to find. This study aims to solve these problems for early detection of breast tumour. A three-dimensional breast model is presented to investigate the relationship between an embedded tumour and the surface temperature distribution. Then a subtraction technique is used to enhance the thermal signature of breast tumour. It was showed that the surface thermal characteristics of a small tumour even in a deep region could be found easily by this method. Furthermore, it was also found that the surface thermal characteristics of tumour obscured due to environmental cooling effect can be clearly displayed. The results are very useful for analysing breast thermograms.
 
 
 
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